Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,rec.answers,news.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 1/9--Introduction Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:36:36 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part1 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <email@example.com> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on thw World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab>. This is Part 1 of the rec.arts.bodyart non-piercing FAQ file that is posted on a monthly basis (in the latter half of the month) and includes information about everything but piercing that might concern bodyart. If you would like to know what rec.arts.bodyart is as a newsgroup, read the separate posting entitled: "What is rec.arts.bodyart?", posted twice a month. All of the Tattoo FAQs and Alternative Bodyart FAQ are formatted to be html-friendly. That means that most news readers will allow you to jump to the next subject by pressing ^G (control-g). The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography There is also a short, separate FAQ on alternative bodyart, which includes brandings and cuttings. PURPOSE OF THIS FAQ: This FAQ serves to disseminate information on the most frequently asked questions about the basics of tattoos and tattooing. If you are interested in learning more about the rec.arts.bodyart newsgroup itself, read the "What is rec.arts.bodyart" file that I post twice a month. While bodyart has been around for thousands of years, it is currently experiencing an almost unprecedented popularity in the US and in Europe. However, the general population of developed countries still regard it with some disdain, especially against those who have *A LOT* of any type bodyart. The purpose of this FAQ is *not* to raise these issues or to change such views, but to educate those who are interested in learning more about tattoos. Regardless of motive, tattooing is a very personal choice. Information in this FAQ should help you make a wiser decision about getting inked, since the reversing process is not easy. I have tried to include the contributor's name and email address where possible, both for accountability reasons and for obtaining further information. Contributions, while welcome, may not always be added depending on whether they fit into the purpose of this FAQ. COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. This document was produced for free redistribution. If you paid money for it, not only did you do so unnecessarily, but none of the money went to the person who did the work of producing the documents. Sharing the files on an individual basis: You may copy, archive (ftp and web pages) and disseminate the entire set of FAQs electronically and in print on an individual, non-commercial basis. If you must break up the sections, break them up in the format already separated for you. Do not create your own sections. Do not add your own information in the FAQ. Sharing the files through a BBS: If you maintain a BBS and wish to have these files available, please include a notice of how to obtain the most recent copy of the FAQs. Creating your own html pages for WWW: Add whatever you want to your pages, as long as you leave my FAQs intact. Note that the "official" web page I list in the FAQ is: http://www.eskimo.com/~rab/. Which is the RABbit Hole URL. Individuals who wish only to link to the FAQs may select http://www.faqs.org/faqs/bodyart/. While you are allowed individual copies of the FAQ, that does NOT mean my FAQ is in the public domain. To quote Jeffrey Knapp, "Lately, spaghetti publishers have taken to exploiting FAQs and lists, often publishing them without obtaining written permission. This is an abuse of copyright laws, and threatens the continued viability of the FAQ system which benefits us all." All of my FAQs may be cited as: Teshima-Miller, Lani (1997) "rec.arts.bodyart _______* Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)" Usenet rec.arts.bodyart, available via World Wide Web: www.faqs.org/faqs/bodyart/, ~180 pages *I maintain all of the tattoo files, "Alternate Bodyart" file, "Welcome & Netiquette" file, and the Purple Pages Directory. You *MUST* obtain prior permission from me before you make the FAQs available commercially, including reproducing/distribution in any electronic or print format that is not a pointer to the archives (e.g. CD-ROM, diskettes). I usually give permission as long as I get a copy of your product. You need not obtain special permission to quote parts of this FAQ for academic research purposes (although you must cite this FAQ). If you are not sure how to cite electronic information, a must-have is _Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing Electronic Information_ by Xia Li and Nancy B. Crane (Westport, 1993). It will tell you how to properly cite FAQs, posts, private email as well as FTPs, etc. *IF YOU ARE A MEDIA REPORTER OR JOURNALIST, you are explicitly requested to email me prior to using material in, or quoting from this FAQ. I will respond to you personally and will often provide you with additional quotable sound bites if you wish.* I will gladly accept submissions from artists interested in discussing technique, style, or the reasons they got into the field. This FAQ was originally compiled by Paul Davies (Synthetic Man) at firstname.lastname@example.org, with contributions from various people. The rights and responsibilities to maintain this FAQ was passed on to Lani Teshima-Miller in Summer 1993, and has since grown in size by at least 350%. It was passed to Stan Schwarz in 1998. If you would like to offer suggestions, ideas or submissions, please email me at <email@example.com> If I have *any* advice for those who decide to get inked, it is: To shop around, to ask a lot of questions, to not fret about the cost too much, to always ask to look at the artists' sample photos, and to get something that's custom, significant and meaningful. That thing's gonna be with you for a looong time. Oh--and "Think Ink!" TABLE OF CONTENTS The 9 parts of the Tattoo FAQ files of rec.arts.bodyart, and the information provided in each: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo: Does it hurt? Should I get one at all? *WHY* do I want one? Religious (Christian) arguments A temporary alternative? Where do I find a good artist, and what should I look for in a tattoo artist? How to look around in the shop Asking to see their portfolio What to look for in their portfolio What kinds of questions to ask What sorts of things to look for in a shop How much does it cost to get a tattoo? How should I act once I get in that chair? Where on my body should I get a tattoo? 3/9--Sanitation: Can I get infectious diseases from tattoo needles? What to look for in a sanitary shop environment. Can I get AIDS from tattooing? Can my tattoos get infected? How to look for sterilization Are there any medical conditions that will preclude me from getting a tattoo? What is the Alliance of Professional Tattooists? 4/9--Conventions: When and where are upcoming conventions? Tattoo Conventions: What are they all about? What types of conventions are available? Why would I want to attend? What's the format? What's the atmosphere? What kind of tattoo contests are there? Can I actually get a tattoo at a convention? What else can I find at these conventions? 5/9--Artist list Who is a good/bad tattoo artist near me? US West Coas. US Midwest. US Southeast. US East Coast. Canada. EUROPE/UK. EUROPE/POLAND. ASIA/Japan 6/9--Care of new tattoos: General advice from a medical doctor. What are some bad things for my new tattoo? Sauna or steamroom. Sunlight. Preparation-H. How do I care for my new tattoo?. Suggested Method #1: The Minimal Moisturizer Method. Suggested Method #2: The Pat-with-Listerine Method. Suggested Method #3: The Wait-24-Hours-to-Take-Off-Dressing Method. Suggested Method #4: The Coconut-Oil-Itch-Relief Method. Suggested Method #5: The Huck Spalding Method. Suggested Method #6: The Noxzema Method 7/9--General care/removal How does weight gain/loss affect a tattoo?How does lifting weights affect a tattoo? How does pregnancy affect a tattoo near the abdomen? Can a tattoo be removed? Get it reworked--cover-up. Get it reworked--touch-up. Get it removed--Tissue Expansion. Get it removed--Sal Abration. Get it removed--Staged Excision. Get it removed--medical lasers. Innovative Government Incentive Program for Tattoo Removal. One person's decision toward tattoo removal 8/9--Misc. info: Are there glow-in-the-dark tattoos? Where can I get a Japanese "irezumi" tattoo? When did tattooing start? How does a modern tattoo gun work? How long do I have to wait before I can donate blood? Tattoos and allergies. How do I become a tattoo artist? 9/9--Bibliography: Are there references about tattoos I could look up? Tattoos in movies and videos. Newspaper articles about tattoos/bodyart. Magazine and journal articles about tattoos/bodyart. Books about tattoos/bodyart (reviews where available). Tattoo organizations. Resource material for custom tattoo design ideas. Current tattoo magazines in print The one-part Alternative Bodyart FAQ has the following: What is branding and how is it done? What is scarring? What are cuttings? WHAT TO EXPECT IN UPCOMING REVISIONS --List of artists (ongoing) --What kind of colors are available? What are the inks made of? What is it about red ink that causes allergic reactions in some? --Where can I get good ideas for designs? Part of a bibliography. [Note: As of 9/95 there is an extensive bibliography on Celtic design resources by tattooist Pat Fish in this section!] --How is"traditional" tattooing done without the tattoo gun? --What is the history behind Japanese tattoos? How is it done? --What Polynesian islands were into tattooing? --What tat magazines can I look at for examples of artists' works? --Are there any tattoo museums I could visit? --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 1/9--Introduction." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 2/9--Getting a tattoo." --
Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 2/9--Getting a tattoo Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:37:18 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <email@example.com> Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at email@example.com Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part2 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <firstname.lastname@example.org> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on thw World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab>. The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 2/9: Getting a tattoo Does it hurt? Should I get one at all? *WHY* do I want one? Where do I find a good artist, and what should I look for in a tattoo artist? How to look around in the shop Asking to see their portfolio What to look for in their portfolio What kinds of questions to ask What sorts of things to look for in a shop R-E-S-P-E-C-T: What to ask from artists How much does it cost to get a tattoo? How should I act once I get in that chair? Where on my body should I get a tattoo? Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: GETTING A TATTOO DOES IT HURT? This is the first question in this FAQ because it's usually the first question that people ask. The answer is yes. Having needles pierce your skin *does* hurt. But what you *really* want to know is, "How MUCH does it hurt, and can I handle it?" It's not nearly as bad as what you might imagine. The pain comes from the cluster of needles on the tattooing machine piercing your skin very rapidly. This sensation, however, doesn't feel like the poking pain of an injection--it's more of a constant vibration. You will be amazed at how quickly your body releases endorphins, (pain killers), which dullens the pain significantly. The pain will also vary according to where on your body you get worked on. Skin right above bones (collarbone, anklebone, etc.) tend to be more painful than other areas. In addition, certain types of needles seem to hurt more than others. I personally think the needles used for outlining produce a sharper, more noticeable pain, while the needles used for shading seem to be much more like an electrical buzz (nearly painless). Remember, you are volunteering for the experience. The amount of pain will depend on your psychological attitude. NOTE: Do not drink alcohol or take illegal drugs for pain relief purposes prior to your tattoo sessions. Both aspirin and alcohol thin your blood and promote excessive bleeding. Aspirin also decreases the clotting of blood, which will slow down your healing as well. In addition, artists do not appreciate dealing with drunks and is illegal in many states. SHOULD I GET A TATTOO IN THE FIRST PLACE? Your reading this may mean you're already interested in getting a tattoo, or may know someone who is. In a survey of 163 tattooed men and women, a third of them had regretted their tattoos! While most of this FAQ discusses the process once you've decided to get one, let's pause for a moment. *WHY* DO I WANT ONE? People get tattoos for different reasons. Is it to please your partner? Is it because you want to belong to a group that has tattoos? Do you identify with a certain subculture known for tattoos? Do you want to show your independence, individuality or uniqueness? These are all valid reasons, and why many people get tattooed. However, because of the permanency of your tattoo, try to look at yourself in five, 10, or even 20 years. What will you be doing at that time? You might be a free-spirited college student now, and a web of vines on your wrist would look really lovely. However, are you planning to work in a very conservative field after you graduate? Will others look at your tattoo in a bad way? Will you have to hide it with long sleeve shirts? Are you *willing* to wear long sleeve shirts if the environment is negative? Do you want a tattoo of a tiger because your partner's nickname is "Tiger," and you love the way s/he scratches your skin? Do you think you'll be with this person in five years? If not, how will you look at that tattoo? With fond memories, symbolizing a special period in your life? Or a shameful or painful reminder of somebody who hurt you and didn't care for you? You're a headbanger (or a nose-smasher, ear-bopper or whatever) and you *REALLY* want a tattoo all over your arms just like Axl Rose, but you can't afford a professional artist so you get your friend with the mail-order tattooing machine to do those designs for you? Or perhaps you get spider webs tattooed all over your hands (or your face, which has happened) because you want to be "different" in school. What if you decide to "straighten out" and get a real job; train as a chef or something, and then no restaurant hires you? *GETTING IT REMOVED* is *NOT* easy, and is *NOT* cheap. Expect to pay $1,000 to remove even a fairly small-sized tattoo if you're looking at laser surgery. Expect to have a noticeable ugly scar if you go with a non-laser technique. Expect to pay for every penny out of your own pocket because health insurance companies will not pay for tattoo removal. There may not be a laser surgery specialist in your area. Then think of all those laser-surgery doctors who are going to get rich off of a person's foolishness or lack of careful thinking. ...Maybe tattooing isn't for you. ...Maybe you shouldn't get that $10 tattoo your friend's been telling you he'll give you, in his garage. ...Maybe you shouldn't let your buddies tattoo your hand with India Ink and a needle at this weekend's party. ...Maybe you should get a tattoo on your back instead of on your hand. ...Maybe you should get a tattoo on your left wrist so it can be covered by your watch if you have to... ...And maybe after reading this FAQ and reading RAB, you'll think carefully about it, and make some informed, wise decisions about what to do with your body. *Tattooing can be beautiful.* *Tattooing can be exhilarating.* *Tattooing can open a whole new world for you.* ...but make sure to do it *RIGHT*. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: RELIGIOUS (CHRISTIAN) ARGUMENTS Written by: Chris Wayne (email@example.com), originator of RAB and a self-professed Christian. A word to the religious: In Leviticus 19:28, it says not to tattoo "I am the Lord" on you (i.e. don't take the name of the Lord in vain). It does NOT say you can't mark yourself at all, and it does NOT say there's anything wrong about piercing. What it DOES say is that it prohibits mutilating yourself for the dead, which was a senseless practice at that time. But for Christians, they are no longer bound by the Law. Remember that it's not what you do; it's what's in your heart when you do it. The Talmud even mentions that it's not the tattooing that is wrong, but what the tattoo is of (i.e. if the tattoo is an image of a 'false god' as opposed to just a 'design'). There are probably many 'prim & proper' Christians out there that have had the urge to be tattooed, but have repressed it because they believed it was a sin. Well, if you really believe that it is a sin, then it is. But is getting tattooed really a sin? If it draws you away from Christ or causes someone else to stumble, then yes. But tattooing isn't any more special than anything else we distract ourselves with. Take things in moderation at your speed. We are to deny ourselves of things if they cause us to lose sight of Jesus (for some, it could be driving a car, getting married, having children, going to work, smoking, abusing drugs & alcohol, disrespect, etc.). If you have good discernment, you know what distracts you from Christ and what doesn't. Tattooing isn't inherently evil; it got it's 'evil' status because GOD-less heathens from places like the South Pacific were tattooed. Do what pleases GOD; and one thing that pleases GOD is to be confident in oneself (not overly prideful, but confidence tempered with discernment, almost bordering on arrogance). Tattooing can bring out that confidence, because to be tattooed requires commitment. And that's a conquering power over fear and old ruts. GOD wants mature dynamic individuals that fear him to fellowship with, not people cowering in fear from some rigid set of laws. Note: fear of GOD is totally different from cowering in fear. Some Christians will claim that drinking any amount of alcohol is sinful, but the medical community is saying that 2-3 drinks a day is good for the heart. Drink responsibly. So, for those that have repressed getting a tattoo because of family or religious upbringing, just do it. If it's not for you, fine--but don't ruin it for the others. Tattooing in no way marks who's saved and who's not. If you've seen the trilogy "A Distant Thunder," the Mark of the Beast was tattooed on your right hand or forehead. The tattoo was 666 in binary '6's (i.e. 1 0 11 0 11 0 1 Sort of like a UPC code), but this doesn't mean that every tattoo is a Mark of the Beast. People have stated that the credit card and the computer were tools of the Devil. So what? Everybody depends on both today, even if the Anti-Christ is to use the computer to control the population, it doesn't mean that if you use a computer, you're a follower of the Devil. I believe that religion, when improperly used, is a dangerous thing. Christianity has wasted a lot of valuable time trying to influence people in believing that unimportant things are evil instead of spreading the word of GOD. Christianity (or those prideful, arrogant, self righteous leaders) has looked down on tattooing far too long. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: A TEMPORARY ALTERNATIVE? A) For those who might not be ready for the plunge, but are seriously considering what it would look/feel like to have a tattoo, Julian (firstname.lastname@example.org) recommends a particular type of temporary tattoo that uses very light Japanese rice paper. He says these are of very high quality, and last about two weeks WITH CARE. I have had the phone number confirmed recently so they are still in business. Note: This will the only time I'll discuss *temporary* tattoos. :) Don Ling's Removable Tattoos & Fantoos, 507/956-2024 P.O.Box 309 Butterfield, MN 56120 or 102 2nd ST. South Butterfield, MN 56120 *FLASH NEWS* This is a new update as of 2/96: It turns out Don Ling actually only began carrying these rice paper tattoos this year. The bulk of his merchandise are "decal tattoos." This according to Roy of Temptu <email@example.com>, the company that owns the rights to the rice paper tattoos. The following is from Roy himself: "The rice paper temporary tattoo you...mention is made in New York by Temptu studios. It is a cosmetic ink printed on an archival cigarette-like tissue paper. Special cosmetic inks are then used to paint in the 'tattoo.' The result is totally realistic, waterproof, and longlasting (yep, up to 2 weeks!) "This process was used in _Cape Fear_ on Robert de Niro, _Once Were Warriors_, and currently on Sean Penn at the end of _Dead Man Walking_. Also see Bruce Willis' Head in _The 12 Monkeys_. It was invented by Dr. S. Zuckerman for the film _Tattoo_ (Bruce Dern/Maude Adams in 1981. "Often we are asked to create at temporary tattoo for someone who wants to 'test drive a tattoo,' so they can decide on position, color, before deciding what and where. "Temptu primarily develops semi-permanent body art. Current interests include working on a 'safe' and legal line of tattoo inks, airbrush body art, and Indian Mehandi (henna). I work closely with the New York Body Archive, a strange and wonderful place!" Roy adds one of comment: "I'm frequently asked about the six-month tattoo you mention in FAQ. East Coast people say it's available in California. But this is bullsh*t. No such animal!" B) For some, the easiest thing to do is to simply draw on the skin with a non-toxic marker. In fact, many people who already have tattoos do this to figure out placement and design. If you want it to wash off right away, use something temporary. Crayola's washable markers work well. I you wanna see if you can live with a design for a couple of days, try a permanent marker such as the Sharpies. They come in basic colors. C) MEHENDI: In some countries such as India, brides are covered from head to toe with intricate bridalwear (including the face). To try to show off as much of what skin they can show, they paint their hands and forearms with something called henna. Henna, when applied correctly, stains the skin and can last several weeks. Mehendi has become popular with the mainstream, with a number of mehendi tattoo shops cropping up in some cities such as Berkeley and Los Angeles. Part of the process of getting a tattoo is coming to terms with its permanency. It's like losing your virginity. You lose it once, and you can't get it back. You can neck and make out, but it's not intercourse. If you're afraid of losing your virginity, you have to come to terms with THAT before you can have sex. But once you lose your virginity, you forget all about how you feared its loss, and simply enjoy having sex! :) *Debunking of urban folklore* Someone asked to confirm a rumour about the possibility of temporary tattoos obtainable by using a tattooing machine very shallowly on the skin, to have the tattoo last only six months or so. Several professional tattoo artists replied with a very strong *NO*. There is no way to be able to prevent the needles from entering the second layer of skin (the dermis), where tattoo inks normally go. Further, even if the tattoo machine only enters the top layer of skin (the epidermis), you will end up with too much scarring that the tattoo will never really go away. Considering the time, cost and pain factors, this is not an option--and no professional tattoo artist will want to experiment on you. A proprietor posted on RAB about a "new! discovery!" of a temporary tattoo that was removable after a couple of years. All efforts by various reviewers and professionals to confirm the validity of this product have been unsuccessful--this product, whatever it is being touted as, is *not* endorsable. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: THE DECISION PROCESS--MAKING THE BIG PLUNGE: WHERE CAN I FIND A GOOD ARTIST, AND WHAT SHOULD I LOOK FOR IN A TATTOO ARTIST? The bane of the tattoo world is the shadowy, unprofessional person called the "scratcher." A scratcher is somebody who: --Does not have the proper training in either tattoo art or of running a professional operation; --Does not know and/or care to use responsible sterilization methods; --Promises to provide tattooing services for an incredibly low fee, for free, or in exchange for drugs (ack!); --Chooses not to apprentice through a legitimate tattoo shop because of one excuse or another (but lacks the knowledge one needs to work in or run a professional shop); --Will hurt you because they don't know what they're doing; --Will give you a permanent tattoo you will regret for the rest of your life; --You should stay away with a ten-foot pole. Never, never, never get work from a scratcher unless you are willing to accept all the hazards listed above. Of those in a study by Clinton Sanders who regretted their tattoos, more than two-thirds of them regretted their tattoo because of poor quality! Looking for an artist can be as easy as checking the Yellow Pages, or as complex as checking references, magazine photos, and reading RAB. There are a number of ways to find good artists, including (but certainly not limited to): --Perusing tattoo magazines. While not all tattoo magazines are of the National Geographic quality, the photos will speak for themselves. Some issues highlight specific artists' works; a good way see the type of work someone does. Use the photos in the magazines to compare with those of the artist you are interested in. These magazines have done a lot to show what is *possible*. Some things to look for in magazines: -Style (realistic, black & grey work, tribal, etc.) -Placement on your body -Ideas for images -Size in proportion to your body -Artists whose work you like. --Reading RAB and this FAQ. It'll give you a base in which to start. If you live in an area where an artist is not listed in the FAQ, you might want to post a query. If you saw an artist whose work you liked in a magazine, see if they're listed in the FAQ. If not, post a query. Remember--the artist list FAQ is limited because we only take first-hand recommendations from people who read RAB There are many artists who are excellent, who have not worked on RAB participants. --Attending a tattoo convention. Read the FAQ section on tattoo conventions for more information. You can approach this one of two ways. You can either go to a shop because someone recommended the artist to you, or you can go in cold. For obvious reasons, you will have a little more information with you if you already know something about the artist. This may make you feel more at ease when going into a shop for the first time. Many of the top-notch artists recommended in this FAQ are very busy and work on an appointment-only basis. Visit their shop anyway--you will still learn about them even if it doesn't mean getting work done right then and there. Bodyart enthusiast Dr. Kai Kristensen <firstname.lastname@example.org>, a pathologist and a recently retired lab director of an internationally prestigious medical center in La Jolla (California), says the most important aspects of a good result are to: o Choose an experienced, knowledgeable performer who knows about sterilization and avoidance of infection. o Avoid infection during the healing process. With both of those bases covered, healing of either should be non-eventful and the desired appearance should be guaranteed. WHAT KIND OF DESIGN SHOULD I GET? What images do you think of when you think of a tattoo? Do you think of anchors, of roses or of skulls? While these traditional images are still available, you will be pleasantly surprised at the variety you will find today. There are two basic types of tattoos: Flash, and custom. As you can imagine, "custom" means you have a design you like that you take in with you. "Flash" is the stock designs you see on the walls of the shop. The main thing to remember is that you're not required to choose from the selection of flash in a shop--You're NOT limited to just an anchor, a rose or a skull. Remember however, that these smaller pieces of pre-priced flash are the bread & butter of many shops, since they are proportionately expensive ($75 for 20 minutes' work, for example where an artist might charge $100 an hour for custom work). Also, the number of customers who lay out the big bucks for large, elaborate custom pieces is too small to keep a regular shop in business. A few of the major styles of tattooing: BIO-MECHANICAL: A style popularized by illustrator H.R. Giger, who designed the creature from the _Alien_ movies. Bio-mechanical work usually involves an anatomical flesh intertwined with some technical drawings of machines. A close relative of this style involves just the biological look of flesh without the mechanical parts. BLACK & GREY: Refers to the colors used, this style requires the artist to have advanced shading techniques for subtlety. Celtic: Beautiful, intricate knotwork of the Celts (a hard "k", NOT a soft "c" like the basketball team). These are much harder for artists to do, and is best done by someone who specializes in it. Also usually done in just black ink. Oriental: Big, bold pieces of Oriental images (carp, clouds, dragons, etc.) based on the Ukiyo-e woodblock prints of 18th Century Edo-period Japan. Note: It is fine to call this "Oriental" and not "Asian," because it references an object and not a person. PORTRAIT: Images taken from photos, best done by someone who can render realistic photographic images. Usually done in black and grey ink. Sailor Jerry: Traditional sailor tattoo style made famous by Jerry Collins in Honolulu. Tribal: Usually bold simple lines, simple patterns. Almost always done with just black ink. With a good artist working for you, you can get practically any image you'd like. Accomplished artists can render portraits, wildlife, psychedelic and biomechanical styles with impressive results. Your main challenge is to find the artist who can best do the design YOU want. WHAT KIND OF COLORS CAN I GET? Concerned that you'll end up with a greenish tattoo with little bits of red or yellow? Worry no more! Today's inks run the entire gamut--and it would not be terribly sarcastic to take a Pantone color chart with you! Most tattoo inks are metal salt-based pigments that are not made specifically to be used under the skin, and have not been approved by the FDA for this purpose. The idea is that for most people, these pigments are inert and cause no problems. Some people have been known to have allergic reactions; any reputable artist should be willing to provide you with a small "patch test" of the colors you desire. This is required in the state of Arkansas. Tattooist Uncle Bud Yates (Pikes Peak Tattooing) says some artists use acrylic-based pigments, which he feels may be more troublesome than the metal-based pigments for some with sensitive skin. Best to ask your artist first. HOW TO LOOK AROUND IN THE SHOP Don't let the shop intimidate you when you first walk in. For the uninked, a tattoo shop is intimidating enough. Strange smells, strange sounds. Some shops even try to look intimidating to create a tough-guy feel. Just keep in mind that you're a potential customer. Consider it window shopping. The first thing you should do is to take a minute to look around. Chances are, you'll encounter some flash (stock illustrations) stapled on the walls. These will most likely lean toward the traditional. Skull and crossbones, roses and the like. You might also see some signs ("No minors; we ID," "We have sanitary conditions" etc.). These signs will also be indicators of the personality of the shop owner. If the signs seem overly intimidating, patronizing or snobbish, they can be tip-offs of the shop's attitude. Some are very friendly, with plants, aquarium fish, and signs like "Tattooed people come in all colors." Note: There is no national law regarding the legal age for tattooing. Check with the shop to find out what the local statute regulates. ASKING TO SEE THEIR PORTFOLIO Do NOT be impressed by the flash on the wall. These illustrations are usually purchased from other artists and do not represent the work of your artist. Frankly, anyone with some experience can easily trace the outlines of these illustrations and fill in the colors. What you really need to look at is a book that contains a collection of photos of the artist's work. Go to the counter and ask to see one. If they tell you they don't have one, walk out immediately. You're visiting the shop to commission a piece of art to be permanently illustrated on your skin; for the artist to tell you s/he doesn't have samples in a portfolio is insulting. WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN THEIR PORTFOLIO When you do look in their portfolio, there are a few things to keep in mind. Do you see any photos of pieces that you recognize in the flash (on the wall, or in a flash book)? If so, how is it rendered in tattoo format? Before anything else, check to see that the lines are clean. Are they well-defined? Straight where they should be; not shaky or blurry? Are the borders all uniform in width? Do the colors seem true? Are they bright? Proportionately correct? Look at the people in the book. This can be an indicator of the clientele in the shop (besides looking at the ambiance of the shop). Is there a fair mix of women and men in the book? Are they all sporting "biker" tats, or any one particular genre/style? Again, keep in mind that anyone can stencil an outline of an illustration onto your skin. The skill in the artistry comes in the shading, use of colors and other subtle things that set an artist apart from a simple tattooist. Do you see anything in the portfolio that is not in the flash? These are the custom pieces that the artists have done, and they should be their crowning glory. How do they look? Do you like what you see? If there is more than one artist working in the shop, and you see some photos you like, make sure to find out which artist did the work. WHAT KINDS OF QUESTIONS TO ASK Whenever you ask to see their collection of photos, the person in the shop will hopefully immediately recognize you as someone who knows a little more about tattoos--at least enough not to be satisfied by looking at just the flash. If the shop is not too busy or if the artist is not in the middle of working, they might stand on the other side of the counter to have a conversation with you. This is a wonderful opportunity to ask questions of the artist. Some reasonable questions to ask in your conversation that shouldn't take too much time for the artist to answer: What is their favorite style? If what *you* are looking to get done happens to be their specialty you are in luck; be it tribal, wildlife or whatever. Is there any one particular subject they like to do? One artist, without hesitation, told me his favorite was skulls. I would've jumped for joy had that been what I wanted. How long has the shop been here? This may be an indicator of the stability of their business. The tat industry in itself fluctuates, but continuity implies business acumen, responsible practices and that they are not a fly-by-night operation. How long have they been at the shop? The shop may have been there for 20 years, but the artist may only have been there for a couple of months. If they have been there for what you consider a short period, ask them where they were before. How long have they been tattooing? It might not matter so much that the artist has only been there for a short while, if they've been tattooing for several years. They might come from various backgrounds--anywhere from working on friends to having a fine arts degree. This type of information will give you more insight into the artist's attitude as well as aptitude. Do they get to do much custom work? This may depend on where the shop is located, but it also depends on how good of an artist they are, and whether they have their own style for which they are known for. Do they use apprentices at the shop? It is often difficult for new artists to break into the business, and an apprenticeship is often a very good way to learn not only about tattooing itself, but also about the day-to-day operation of a small business. For artists to take apprenticeships means they're interested in expanding the artform, in giving a new person a break (so to speak) and feeling confident enough about their own skills that they feel they can offer some insight and experience for the new person. This again goes back to the attitude of the artist and the shop. Don't let the looks of the artist intimidate you. Tattoo artists usually have a lot of tattoos themselves. In fact, I would be somewhat leery of an artist who has *NO* tattoos at all. The main thing is that you need to talk with them and get a feel for what they are like. As you talk with the artist and build a rapport, if you feel comfortable you may want to broach the subject of what you're interested in getting done. Bounce your idea off with the artist and see what they are willing to help you with. Remember however, that the artist is running a professional business! Be polite--don't linger and overspend your welcome if you don't plan on getting any work done at all. [Note: Don't base your decision according to what tattoos you see on the artist--they were not done by that person!] WHAT SORTS OF THINGS TO LOOK FOR IN A SHOP Looking critically at the shop is as important as choosing your artist. Make sure the place is very clean, make sure the artist uses disposable, single-use needles (that are not re-used after one client), and uses an autoclave for all other equipment. Don't be afraid to ask them, either. A legitimate artist will be glad to show you. What does the shop look like? What is its ambiance? Does it look like a barber shop, a hair salon, dental office or an art gallery? If you are a nonsmoker, will cigarette smoke bother you? Look for used ashtrays as signs. Do the work areas offer you any privacy? Do they use shower curtains, private booths or shoulder-high room dividers? Try to go and visit and then come back another day. Don't feel pressured into having to get one right then and there. Try and talk to some people that have experience with the artist (and not the groupies that you'll find hanging around the shop). You should feel comfortable with the artist and you should like him/her. If you don't, then don't get a tattoo. Make sure the artist is willing to listen to you and respects what you want. Don't go to an artist that has an agenda of what he/she wants to do. The artist may make suggestions, but the final word is always yours. Finally, make sure you take their business card with you. If the artist you talk to does not have his/her own card, jot down the name on the back, and perhaps some notes to yourself about the shop and the artist. R-E-S-P-E-C-T: WHAT TO ASK FROM ARTISTS? It has been brought to my attention that some tattooists have an attitude problem when it comes to potential customers. Tattooists (and piercers!) need to realize that not every person who walks in has to look like a grunged-out leather-wearing biker, or a raven-haired cleopatra-eyed septum-pierced zombie. People from all walks of life may be interested in bodyart. A potential customer should *NOT* be made to feel out-of-place or ashamed for walking in wearing a business suit, or an LL Bean dress. It is amazing to think that someone with purple hair and eyebrow rings could actually discriminate against someone, but apparently, this seems to be happening. Just as a customer should expect certain sanitation standards, they should also expect an inviting atmosphere. RE TATTOO SHOPS INSURED? Most reputable tattoo shops are insured. The problem is, they're usually insured against premises liability. This means that they have insurance coverage if you fall and hit your head on their floor, but *NOT* if you're unhappy with their work. In the past, the only insurer who would cover the latter was Lloyd's of London, and their rates were apparently very high. This has changed recently, with the availability of a comprehensive insurance package available from one agent based on the West Coast. Many shops do have some form of insurance (this may be a requirement in their rental lease). Just keep in mind that the insurance does not necessarily cover QUALITY. HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO GET A TATTOO? This is an age-old debate, so the following is just a very basic ballpark. You usually pay for work either by the piece, or by the hour. The smaller pieces in the artist's flash book are "standard stock" material that usually don't take the artist too long to do. For these, you might find prices listed right next to the artwork. The artist may have a "minimum" charge that might vary with each artist. Larger (or custom) pieces will usually be charged by the hour (unless you and the artist decide beforehand on the total price). If you get a "stock" piece (probably about 2" x 2" in size), you will probably not pay more than $100 and sit no longer than an hour in the chair. Your mileage may vary. If you bring your own design, the artist may charge anywhere from $50 to a few hundred dollars an hour, depending on the artist. However, you may want to work with someone who charges $100 or so an hour; after all, you DO get what you pay for. Also, some artists charge for illustration time prior to beginning tattoo work. If they do, this might increase your price by an extra hour. If they tell you that your piece will be charged by the hour, ask them how many hours they think it'll take. If you are on a limited budget, tell them how much you can afford. Price negotiation should be up front and straightforward, a part of your initial discussion before work begins. Some shops take credit cards; most don't. Out-of-towners may be asked to put down a deposit. Be particularly wary of people willing to work "for cheap" or "for free." They are often artists just starting out, who are still developing their skills. Caveat emptor. Warning: Once the artist quotes you a price, *DON'T DICKER WITH IT!* The best way to get on the artist's bad side is to try to bargain with the price. If you think the price is too high, renegotiate the scope of the artwork--NOT the price. I usually do it this way: "Hi, I have X amount I can spend on this design. What can we work out for that price?" If you are very pleased with their work and service, you are strongly encouraged to tip the artist, even if they own the shop. Even shop owners don't pocket 100% of what they make (remember--it's a business!). Tips can range from 10% to 20% of the piece, so be prepared with cash on hand. I personally recommend a tip for any work which you are pleased with, or any custom work where the artist spent time drawing up your illustration (since drawing time is usually not included in your price). Nothing brightens up a day for the artist, or helps to build a friendly relationship with your artist more than a generous tip. If you're very happy with the artist and you think you might get more work from them later, TIP!! There have been heated discussions on rec.arts.bodyart in the past regarding the appropriateness of tipping a shop OWNER. If you feel that an owner does not deserve a tip on top of the price s/he charges you, then A) do not give a tip at all, or B) bring some sort of offering, be it food, flowers or whatever. Many tattoo artists have told me that the BEST TIP is good word of mouth. If you are happy with your tattoo, show it off to your friends and tell them where you got it done! HOW SHOULD I ACT WHEN I GET IN THAT CHAIR? Once you have settled on a design and a price that you and your artist agree on, the work will either begin right then, or you will be asked to come back for a later appointment (e.g. if the artist has another client coming in in 15 minutes). Once you're in that chair, what can you expect? Most likely, the artist will begin the long process of preparing for your work. This is especially true if the artist is going to do a custom design that you brought in. First, the design will have to be worked on. Most artists will play around with the design on paper first, although some artists will do it freehand. "Freehand" means the artist takes an ink pen to hand and begins drawing a design on your skin without the use of a stencil (NOT where the artist begins work with the tattooing machine immediately--the artist, no matter how good, still needs to envision how the work will look on your skin--proportion, placement, etc.). When you and the artist are happy with the design, the artist might outline the design with a piece of carbon paper, or use an old-fashioned copy machine to get a working copy of it. This would be when the artist would properly size the design. The artist will then clean your skin where the work will be done (probably an alcohol or antiseptic rub), and will swipe your skin with an "adhesive," which is usually Speed Stick deodorant (for some reason *I* haven't seen any other brands). The artist will then put the carbon side of the design directly on your skin. When the paper is lifted, ta-da! A carbon line drawing of the design should appear on your skin! The artist will probably let you look in a mirror to make sure you are happy with the design and the placement. Once this is agreed upon, the artist will then begin putting the supplies out. At this point, your artist should be doing things like dispensing various colors of ink into little disposable wells, and rigging a new set of needles into the tattoo machine. At this time, you will probably try to look cool by looking around the studio walls or occasionally looking to see what your artist is doing. Your artist might have a radio playing, which will help distract you a little. At this point, it is best for you to try and relax. You can ask the artists about some things, like the colors of the ink. Depending on the work you are getting, the artist will need to mix some colors, for example. You're probably somewhat nervous, but excited at the same time because you're actually gonna get a real tattoo! Whether you realize it or not, your body is going through quite an adrenalin rush. Try to remain calm and not too anxious. Your hyped-up condition and your anxiety about the anticipated pain of your experience by themselves may trigger a fainting spell. It will help if you are not there on an empty stomach. Get a bite to eat about an hour or two before you go in for your session. Having hard candy or some juice on hand during the session is also recommended. Just relax and try to stay calm. For women, the experience of anxious anticipation is similar to a pelvic exam at an OB/GYN, where you are more nervous about it while waiting for the doctor as you lie prone on the examining table, feet in the stirrups. Just as most exams aren't painful or really all that bad, neither is tattooing. Bzzzzzttttt....The artist starts up the machine, dips the needle into the ink and starts to work toward your skin! Aaaaaahhhhh!!! Will it hurt? Will it hurt? Grit your teeth! Hang tight!... Ooohhhhhhh! It *does* hurt! Ow! Ow! Ow! I'm okay, I'm okay, this is fine, it's not that bad. I can grit my teeth. Grit, grit, grit. Try to smile a bit. My teeth are gritting, anyway. Oh, I hope this pain doesn't stay like this!! Breathe. Don't forget to breathe. Relax. Relax. Relax. Okay there, that's better. Not so painful. I can handle it. Yeah--look at all the tattoos HE's got on his arms. I can handle it, too. Yeah. ...The most painful part of the process will pass in a couple of minutes, after which the area will feel abuzz with electricity and warmth. Just try to relax and breathe deeply--enjoy the one-of-a-kind experience that you're feeling. Oftentimes, you end up clenching your jaws, grinding your teeth or grasping the chair with your white-knuckled hands. But once you pass the first couple of minutes, you'll feel silly for having worried about it so much. If you still feel uncomfortable after a few minutes, it may be because you're sitting in an uncomfortable position. See if you can get into a more comfortable, reclining position--but make sure to ask the artist first before you try to move. Some people try to distract themselves by trying to talk with the artist. This is kind of like with hair stylists--some stylists just love to gab and gab (just ask them an open-ended question), while some stylists would rather concentrate and not screw up your hairdo. Same with tattoo artists. While some will like to "talk story" with you, others would rather concentrate on the work you're paying them to do. After all, their job, income, and reputation are on the line when they have the tattooing machine to your skin. Often, they'll talk during easy parts, and less during complex work. Just go with the flow and not worry about it. The only thing I don't particularly prefer is if there's a lot of traffic walking around in the studio and the artist has to keep talking to them (either potential clients or tattoo groupies). For this reason, a cubicle or dividing partition is a nice option for privacy. Most people can sit through over an hour of work, but if you get uncomfortable, just ask your artist if you can take a break. If you feel woozy, you might consider bringing some candy with you to give you a little lift, or some water to drink. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHERE ON MY BODY SHOULD I GET A TATTOO? This may seem VERY trivial, since the answer can be "anywhere you please!" The ONLY places you cannot technically get permanent tattoos are your hair, teeth and nails (even the cornea used to be tattooed years ago for medical purposes). Interestingly, women and men tend to get tattoos in different locations. This, according to sociologist Clinton Sanders, is because men and women get tattoos for different reasons. Men, he says, get them to show others, while women get them for the sake of decorating their body--and often place them where they can't normally be seen, so that it doesn't prompt comments about her "reputation." However for the sake of this FAQ, the following is a short list of areas to get inked. I am included the statistics from Clinton Sanders' study on the body location of the first tattoo for men and women as well (there were 111 men in his survey group and 52 women). Head: The "head" here refers mostly to the area where your hair grows. You'll need to shave the area for the tat to be most visible. If you need to hide your tat, you can grow your hair out. Areas more commonly inked are the sides of the head (above the ears), and above the nape of the neck in the back. There are people who have their entire heads inked. I am told that the tattooing process vibrates your skull! Sides of neck (nape). Back of neck: I've seen some tribal pieces, and bats done on the back of the neck. You'll need to keep your hair short or tied up to keep it visible. Face: Various areas possible. Facial tattoos could fall into the cosmetic, prison, or standard categories. Cosmetic would include darkening of eyebrows, eyelining, liplining, etc. Prison tattoos (which are actually in their own category) often include tat of a single tear near the eye to signify time served. Getting a tat on the face is serious business and crosses a portal because people will never look at you the same way. Can we say "Circus," boys & girls? Upper chest: One of the standard areas for tattoos for both men and women. Allows lots of flat area in which to get a fairly large piece. One of the areas where you can choose to get symmetrically inked on both sides. (Men: 5%, women: 35%--chest & breast combined) Breasts (women): Used to be trendy to get a tiny tat on the breast. Women (particularly larger breasted ones) need to be careful about eventual sagging of the skin in the area. Don't get a tat that will look silly when it starts to stretch (like a round smiley face that'll turn into an oblong frown). Nipples: Usually the artist leaves the nipples alone--the omission of ink tends not to be so noticeable. There HAS been work done with tattooing a facsimile of a nipple onto a breast in reconstructive surgery for those who have lost their nipples, tho--for aesthetic and self-esteem purposes. Rib cage: Can be rather painful because of all the ribs you work over. However it offers a fairly large area, and can be incorporated into a major back piece, wrapping around toward the front. Stomach/Abdomen: Some people choose not to get work done on their stomachs for a couple of reasons. Area is difficult to work on because there's no solid backing to hold the skin down. It is a sensitive area that may feel uncomfortable. The tat may look horrible after your metabolism slows down and you develop a - er-- "beer gut." (Men: Less than 5%, women: 14% Women concerned about the effect of pregnancy on a stomach tattoo can read the section specifically devoted to this in the Tattoo FAQ section 7. Genitals: The matron nurse: "Did you see the patient in #409? His penis has a tattoo that says 'SWAN' on it!" "Oh no it didn't," says the younger nurse. "It said "SASKACHEWAN'!" All kidding aside, people DO get inked in their genital area. The idea may sound very painful, but a friend of mine said it wasn't any worse than any other spot. However, do consider that there *will* probably be some blurring in the area because of --er-- shall we say, the amount of movement the skin experiences (kind of like hands)? A thread in RAB discussed whether penises are flaccid or erect during tattooing--some are, some aren't (how one can *maintain* one during the process is a wonder to me). The only female genital tattoo I've seen (inner labia, I think) was in _Modern Primitives_, and it looked rather blurry. Note: Many artists refuse to do genitals. (Men: 0%; women: 5 %) Thighs/hips: A popular area for women to get larger pieces (often extending from the hip area). Shows well with a bathing suit but easily concealable in modest shorts. The entire area of skin around your thighs is bigger than your back, so you can get quite a bit of work done. (Men: 3%; women: 10%) Calves: Nice area to get a standard size (2" x 2"). However if you have very hairy legs, it may cut down on the visibility somewhat. (Men: 7%; women: 8%. Category simply listed as leg/foot) Ankles: Currently trendy. I think you have to have an ankle tat before you can go to the Eileen Ford Agency with your modeling portfolio. :) You can either get a spot piece on the inner or outer ankle, or get something that goes around in a band. Vines and other vegetation seem popular (pumpkins, anyone?) Feet: I've seen some incredible footwork (pun intended) in some of the tat magazines. Concealable with shoes. Probably don't have as much wear and tear as hands so you might get less blurring and color loss. This however, is the TOPS of your feet. You will have trouble retaining a tattoo on the bottom of your feet. Armpits: Usually reserved for those who want to get full coverage around the arm and chest area, & need the armpits filled. Probably not strongly recommended for the highly ticklish. Upper arms: One of the most common areas for men, although I have seen some nice work on women as well. If you decide to get a piece done on your upper arm, consider how much sun it's going to get. Will you be able to put sunblock on it regularly? Otherwise, expect some color loss and blurring. If you want some serious work done and you wanna show it off, you may want to consider getting a "half sleeve"--full tat coverage throughout your upper arm. (Men: 70%; women: 18%. Category simply states arm/hand) Inner arms: A more unusual location than the outer upper arm area, this area is often not easily visible. Be careful if your genes are prone to "bat wing" flab, however. Forearms: Popeye sported his anchor on his forearm. Probably not as popular as the upper arm but common just the same. You can have your upper arm "sleeve" extend down for a full sleeve. For an example, check out the heavy metal veejay on MTV (who has a nose pierce, BTW). Wrists: Janis Joplin had a dainty tat on her wrist...easily concealable with a watch. Hands (fingers and palms): RAB receives frequent queries about fingers, palms and hands in general. Some artists don't do hands because the ink will have a tendency to blur or fade easily. Consider that you probably move your hands the most out of your entire body. A friend of mine had a multi-colored tat on his finger by Ed Hardy (who cringed upon hearing about where my friend wanted it), that is only several years old and is now barely noticeable. Some people want to substitute their wedding bands with tat bands. Your palm doesn't retain ink well--if you can find an artist who will do it, you can expect it to be a rather basic line, and that it will not last too long. Perhaps just matching tats someplace else would be okay? There *IS* a photo of a tattoo on a palm in Sandi Feldman's book on Japanese tattooing. This seems to be an exception. Shoulder blades: The back shoulder blade area is another popular spot for women, who can show off the work with a bathing suit or tank top, but cover it up with regular clothes. If this is the case, be particularly careful with sun because you're not gonna be wearing that unless it's warm & sunny. It's a "safe" place--but may get in the way if you decide to commit yourself to a large back piece. (Men: 15%, women: 15%. Category listed as backs/shoulder) Back: You can get any part of your back done, or find yourself an artist you really like, and save your money for a "back piece" that encompasses your entire back. Expect to pay several thousand dollars for a full back piece (not to mention many tat sessions). --Buttocks: Again, beware of potential sagging in the area. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 2/9--Getting a tattoo." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 3/9--Sanitation."
Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 3/9--Sanitation Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:38:40 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part3 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <email@example.com> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on thw World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab>. The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 3/9: Sanitation - Can I get infectious diseases from tattoo needles? - What to look for in a sanitary shop environment. - Can I get AIDS from tattooing? - Can my tattoos get infected? - How to look for sterilization - Are there any medical conditions that will preclude me from getting a tattoo? - What is the Alliance of Professional Tattooists? - Should I get a vaccination shot against hepatitis? COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: CAN I GET INFECTIOUS DISEASES FROM TATTOO NEEDLES? There has been some concern recently regarding transmittable diseases (particularly Hepatitis-B and AIDS [HIV]) and tattoo shops. Just as in a dentist's office, as long as the area is strictly sanitized, your chances for infection will be greatly reduced. Note: If you plan on getting lots of bodyart (pierces or tattoos), you should seriously consider getting immunized against Hepatitis-B. Hep-B is a much more serious concern than HIV as the virus is much more virulent and easier to catch. WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN A SANITARY SHOP ENVIRONMENT The current popularity of tattooing and body piercing has also brought on an increase in potentially hazardous conditions. RAB regulars have begun posting information on unsanitary practices. For this reason, I am posting the following guideline of what to look out for (in this situation, "artist" refers to both tattooists and piercers): -Lighting: The area must be well-lit so the artist can see what s/he is doing. -Counter and floor space should be lightly colored, preferably white so dirt shows up easier. -The spray bottle the artist uses on your skin should be disinfected between customers, or some kind of protective film such as Saran Wrap should be used. -Disposing needles: All needles must be either discarded after EACH use (or at least with each new customer), or autoclaved. Many body piercers operate out of small booths and may not have spent money for an autoclaver, in which they MUST dispose of each needle. NO EXCEPTIONS. Reusing piercing needles is equivalent to sharing IV drugs with strangers. -Needles touching other things: The needles, once open from their sanitary packages, must not be placed on unsanitized surfaces. The piercer should NOT set the needle down on the table, or, heaven forbid, DROP THE NEEDLE ON THE FLOOR!!! If this happens, insist they open a new needle. -Gloves: The artist must wash their hands prior to putting on their gloves, preferably with an antibacterial/antiseptic solution. Once they put their gloves on, they should not touch anything other than your skin, the needle, and the jewelry. They should not be filling out receipts beforehand, or answering the phone--unless these have been wiped clean beforehand. -Is there a sink separate from the bathroom sink? -Does the artist use a disposable razor when shaving skin? -The Speed Stick used as an ahesive for the tattoo pattern should not be directly applied to the skin, but applied first to a tissue which can then be used on the skin. -Autoclaves should be inspected regularly. -Sterile materials should be stored in sealed containers away from things that could cause body fluids or ink to splash on them -The palate that holds the ink caps should be covered with Saran Wrap -After tattooing, the ink caps should be discarded and the ink not reused or poured back into the bottles Be particularly wary of "outdoor fair booths." While many are run by caring, experienced artists, these booths allow fly-by-night operators to make some fast money and disappear. If you don't know the artist, spend time watching them work on others first. Are they reusing needles? Do they use needles that have dropped on the ground? If you see any unsanitary conditions that are particularly alarming, post them to RAB (better yet--email me or Ardvark for the Piercing FAQ)! If you feel uncomfortable "naming names," then withhold the specifics for private email. It is each customer's right to guard against getting a contamination. Worse, If you have had more than one tattoo or pierce within several months, it will be difficult for you to prove WHICH artist was responsible! CAN I GET AIDS FROM TATTOOING? IMPORTANT NOTE: This section refers to tattooing specifically, and not to other forms of bodyart. Some, such as piercing and cutting, require the breaking of the client's skin to a deeper level than what is achieved with a modern tattoo gun. This section on AIDS & Tattooing has been contributed by Nick "Buccaneer" Baban <firstname.lastname@example.org>, who studied at the Univ. of Michigan School of Public Health, Dept. of Epidemiology. He spent the summer researching AIDS and IV drug use in NYC. "I'm not an expert, but I consider myself knowledgable. Any furthur questions about AIDS can be e-mailed to me." Obviously there is some concern about AIDS and tattooing because when you get a tattoo, you bleed. But the mechanism of transmission needs to be better understood. AIDS is transmitted by intimate contact with bodily fluids, blood and semen being the most comon. Intimate contact means that the fluid carrying the AIDS virus (HIV) enters into your system. Injection drug users (IDUs) use hollow medical syringes and needles to inject drugs directly into their bloodstream. It is common practice to withdraw a little blood back into the syringe to delay the onset of the high. When needles are passed from IDU to IDU and reused without sterilization, some of that blood remains in the syringe and is passed on to the next user. If infected blood is passed, the recipient can become infected with HIV, which leads to AIDS. Tattooing is VERY different from injecting drugs. The needles used in tattooing are not hollow. They do, however, travel back and forth through a hollow tube that acts as an ink reservoir. The tip of the tube is dipped into the ink, which draws a little into the tube. As the needle withdraws into the tube, it gets coated with ink. When it comes forward, it pierces your skin and deposits the ink. You then bleed a little through the needle hole. This happens several hundred times a second. You are only at risk of infection if you come in contact with infected blood. Since it is only *your* skin that is being pierced during the tattooing process, only *your* blood is being exposed. This means that the only person at greater risk is the artist, because s/he is the only one coming in contact with someone else's (potentially infected) blood. This is why reputable (and sane) tattoo artist wears surgical gloves while working. Another source of infection is through the use of infected tools. *This is why it is IMPERATIVE that you make sure your tattoo artist uses sterile equipment.* Needles and tubes need to be autoclaved before EACH AND EVERY time they are used. Ink should come from separate cups and not directly from the bottle. Any leftover ink should be disposed of and not reused under ANY circumstances. The key to HIV transmission is *transfer of bodily fluids.* Evidence indicates that infection may require a (relatively) substantial ammount of fluid to be passed. A pin prick almost certainly won't do it. HIV is also a very fragile virus that cannot survive long outside the human body, and is very easy to kill via autoclaving. (I have heard of using bleach to sterilize needles. While bleach is an effective HIV killer, I'm not sure of the procedures for cleaning the equipment after bleach cleaning. As I personally have no desire to have bleach put under my skin, I go with autoclaving as the proper way to sterilize). If your tattooer maintains sterile conditions and proceedures, there is almost no risk of infection. I say "almost" because any risk, no matter how miniscule, is still a risk and must be recognized. That said, I am the proud owner of a Jolly Roger tattoo on my right shoulder because I knew my tattooist and knew he had sterile conditions. HOW TO LOOK FOR STERILIZATION Check out the shop thoroughly. Don't be lulled into a false sense of security by a clean look. If the needles are not disposed of after each person, then it MUST be "autoclaved." Autoclaving is a process that pressurizes the instruments and kills any virus or bacteria that might transmit viruses or bacteria. My dentist has two autoclavers--one gas and one steam--both pressurizing down to 250fsw. He also has spore samples that he autoclaves and sends to a pathology lab to make sure the machines are working. Ask the artist how they clean their needles. If they don't say they autoclave, you are taking your risks. If they say they do, ask to see their machine. Note that in some states, autoclaving is required by law. Other common-sense types of things include throwing out the ink after each customer. Make sure the artists have small wells for each ink color that they dispense from a larger container, and that these are thrown out after work on you is done. Compare the conditions of the shop to that of your dentist--does the artist wear gloves? Are the areas sprayed clean? According to the Navy Environmental Health Center Medical Corps in Norfolk, Virginia, each year, a few cases of Hep-B are reported in people who've gotten tattoos within the last two months, but they have not been able to trace the disease back to its source, nor attribute it directly to the tattoo. Becky Fenton <AS.RAF@forsythe.stanford.edu> says: "I spoke with a disease infection specialist at Kaiser [Permanente--US West Coast health care system], and there have not been any incidents (as of 1990) of HIV being spread *to* a recipient of a tattoo. If you think about it, the tattooist is much more at risk, as s/he has to touch the customer's blood. David Zinner <email@example.com> notes that a blanket statement regarding the use of autoclaves could be misleading. While an autoclave will kill the HIV virus, it is not because of the efficacy of the 'clave, but because of the weakness of that particular virus. Far more insidious is Hepatitis, which is more tenacious, and which a 'clave does not always kill. He has gotten all of his info from CDC, by the way. The irony, he says, is that now virtually anyone can afford a 'clave, because many hospitals are selling them secondhand for a very good price, and switching either to disposables, or purchasing dry-heat or chemical sterilizers. Chemical is the best rated, and he says that his friend's business has increased because of the precautions he takes. In response to David's well-founded concern, Dr. Milton Diamond <firstname.lastname@example.org> from the UH School of Medicine who has been researching sexuality for 30 years, says: Hepatitis is easier to transmit than HIV but all the bugs will be killed IF the autoclave is run properly (i.e., set hot enough & long enough). Some instruments can not, however, be autoclaved since they cant take the heat. These have to be sterilized with viracides, "bug"acides and so forth. In any case, here in the States, EVERYONE should be using disposable needles. The chemical bath is only as effective as how fresh is it, how concentrated, what chemicals, how "dirty" or contaminated the instruments, how long in the bath, which particular bug is under attack, etc. It is not the device, autoclave or chemical bath, that is as important as the operator. There are many different bugs out there. HIV may be one of the most deadly and Hep among the more easily transmitted but many others have to be considered (including Chlamydia, the infection rate of which is 20%!) and "he who aims at one, hits one." "Mo betta aim fo dem all." If the artist or piercer is conscientious, reliable and knowledgeable, either device could serve. Again my general rule still stands: "EVERYONE should be using disposable needles." Dr. Kai Kristensen <email@example.com> says: The needles that push the ink into the skin (below the epidermis or outer covering and into the mid-dermis or support structure under the epidermis) can transmit disease UNLESS STERILE TO BEGIN WITH. When they have been used on you, whatever bugs you carry in your blood can be transmitted to the next person. The most commonly transmitted disease by needlestick is Hepatitis B (and C). Clearly AIDS could be transmitted even though not documented yet to my knowledge. The skin should be cleaned with antibacterial soap and water and scrubbing before the procedure to lessen the normal population of germs on the hide. Alcohol doesn't do much but tends to degrease and cool, so no harm but no substitute. USE OF DISPOSABLE GLOVES: A conscientious, professional tattooist or piercer will often go through A DOZEN DISPOSABLE GLOVES on one client. Gloves SHOULD be changed every time they touch unsanitized items with their gloves. If you see that the artist does not change gloves after answering the phone, they are not being sanitary. Marginally acceptable is if they pick up the phone (or other objects, such as pencil) with a tissue. Optimally, they should use a new pair of gloves after each potential contamination. AUTOCLAVING TO STERILIZE Autoclaving is accepted in the industry as the way to sterilize nondisposable equipment. Autoclave machines look like small metal washing machines--usually with the door in the front. They are usually no larger than the computer with which you are reading this. Uncle Bud <firstname.lastname@example.org> recommends that autoclaves should be run at 273 degrees F for 55 minutes (from a cold start) at 15 lbs per square inch pressure (PSI); the *minimum* standard is 20 minutes at full temperature and pressure. Further, he suggests that the solid stainless steel needles and tubes be ultrasonically cleaned to remove particulate debris before being packaged into individual autoclaving bags. Even *new* needles need to go through this cleaning process, to remove any leftover flux from the soldering process. Equipment that IS supposed to be autoclaved should be torn out of their sterile packaging in plain view of the customer. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: CAN MY TATTOOS GET INFECTED? Not as long as you take care of your new tat. There is a section in the FAQ that covers healing methods in depth. Some people have trouble healing tattoos with colors they are allergic to. If it gets infected and refuses to heal after a few days of using a topical antibiotic, you may want to check with a doctor. Keep in mind this assumes you are a healthy individual without any condition that suppresses your immune system. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: ARE THERE ANY MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT WILL PRECLUDE ME FROM GETTING A TATTOO? If you have hemophilia. There is even a case of a man who was HIV positive who got a tattoo--if you are HIV+ however, you will want to inform the artist, since it's the artist that is at more risk than you. [In the case of the HIV+ man, he was John Baldetta, a former nursing assistant at Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, who got a tat on his forearm that said "HIV Positive." He was suspended for three days without pay and told he could return if he covered up the tat. He refused and was subsequently fired, although he was not an RN and was not doing anything that would put patients at risk.] However, it is best to let the artist know if you have ANY medical condition, such as diabetes or epilepsy, in case of an emergency. If you have multiple allergies, you can always have the artist do a "patch test" on you with the colors you want prior to returning for a regular tattoo. This is similar to patch tests done for perms and hair coloring, and will help you determine if your body will react to some of the pigments. Also, it is generally not considered a good idea to tattoo pregnant women. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT IS THE ALLIANCE OF PROFESSIONAL TATTOOISTS? This section was contributed by Pat Sinatra <email@example.com>, a professional tattoo artist and vice president of the organization: The Alliance of Professional Tattooists (APT), Inc. is a professional standards organization that was established in March 1992 and officially incorporated in June '92 as a non-profit organization (contributions, fees and educational materials are tax deductible. Their activities: -Continuing education to artists -Offers accurate, up-to-date information about communicable diseases through seminars -Is interested in preserving tattooing as an artform -Monitors legislative activity to prevent over-regulation (controlled or banned) -Believes in keeping the art of tattooing safe and legal through education, knowledge and awareness -Offers reliable information to tattoo lovers about safe tattoo practices to ensure your health. Headquartered in Maryland, its international membership has expanded from the US to Canada, Europe and other countries. They are currently establishing state chapters with state directors. Their nine-hour seminar entitled, "Preventing Disease Transmission in Tattooing," is taught by APT secretary, Dr. Kris Sperry (Fulton County Medical Examiner, involved with tattooing for over 10 years). Designed in 1988 to educate health care workers (including tattooists) in the prevention of infection and the implementation of professional standards,the program was specifically redesigned in 1991-1992 for the needs of the tattooist and is the standard for APT members. Since the 1991 Bloodborne Pathogens Rule, APT, Inc. has designed this manual for tattooists. PDTT is presented in various locations throughout the country at a one time fee of $125.00 (APT members) or $300.00 (non-members). This course is open to the Professional and Associate levels only. Members are required to complete this seminar within two years after initial application. While we have noted that many individuals are promoting videos on this subject, OSHA (the US Occupational Safety & Health Association that regulates work-environment safety) says that an infection control program cannot be taught by video, but by an on-site knowledgable individual on site. OSHA believes that the in-person interaction between instructor and student is vital to the education of this serious subject, and that individual questions regarding infection control, universal precautions, disease transmission, pathology, etc., must be answered by a knowledgeable, credible instructor such as Dr. Sperry. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: SHOULD I GET A VACCINATION SHOT AGAINST HEPATITIS? Without everyone worried about HIV transmission, it is easy to forget that hepatitis (specifically hep-B) is a much stronger and virulent virus to worry about. Fortunately, you *can* get protection against both hepatitis A and B! Check with your health insurance to see if it's covered--otherwise, you might have to shell out $200 or so for both. There are two shots (injected a month apart) for hep-A, and three shots (injected over the course of six months) for hep-B. You are strongly urged to get protected if you are planning to get tattoos *OR* pierces on a regular basis. As a warning however, note that a very small percentage of individuals react negatively to Hepatitis B vaccines, and could actually become ill from the vaccines themselves. If you are contemplating getting vaccinated for Hep B, talk to your health care professional to weigh the risks against the benefits. Note: Not all health care professionals are apprised of the most current statistics on the adverse effects of Hep B vaccines. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 3/10--Sanitation." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 4/10--Conventions."
Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 4/9--Conventions Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:39:27 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <email@example.com> Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at email@example.com Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part4 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <firstname.lastname@example.org> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on thw World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab>. The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 4/9: Tattoo conventions - When and where are upcoming conventions? - Tattoo Conventions: What are they all about? - What types of conventions are available? - Why would I want to attend? - What's the atmosphere? - What kind of tattoo contests are there? - Can I actually get a tattoo at a convention? - What else can I find at these conventions? - Tattooing and traveling COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHEN AND WHERE ARE UPCOMING CONVENTIONS? I have moved upcoming conventions to the top of this file so you can peruse this section for information quickly without having to scroll to the bottom of the page. A fairly up-to-date listing is also available from Ken Dykes <email@example.com> at his web site: http://www.thinkage.on.ca/~hoglist/cgibin/doevents I always accept information on upcoming tattoo conventions. Please email me at <firstname.lastname@example.org> with the name of the convention, place, date, time, registration fee and registration contact phone number. JANUARY 1998 ------------ AM-JAM TATTOO EXPO 1998, Schenectady, New York January 10 & 11, 1998 Info: AMJAMtat2@aol.com, (518) 346-0521. Sponsored by Am-Jam. OLD SAN JUAN 1ST TATTOO EXTRAVAGANZA, San Juan, Puerto Rico January 15-18, 1998 Info: email@example.com, (415) 775-4991. Sponsored by Lyle Tuttle. MARKED FOR LIFE: FEMALE TATTOO ARTIST EXPO, Orlando, Florida January 15-19, 1998 Info: firstname.lastname@example.org, (417) 281-1228. Coordinated by Deana's Skin Art Studio FOURTH ANNUAL ROYAL CITY TATTOO EXPO, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. January 16-18, 1998 Info: (519) 836-8680. OLD SCHOOL TATTOO EXPO, Knoxville, TN January 28 - February 1, 1998 Info: (423) 523-2300. Sponsored by Lyle Tuttle, Lifestyle Expressions and Southern Comfort Prod. JUNE 1998 --------- NORTHERN INK EXPOSURE 1998, Ontario, Canada June 18 - 21, 1998 Info: email@example.com. Sponsored by tattoos.com and Tattoocan Products. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: TATTOO CONVENTIONS: WHAT ARE THEY ALL ABOUT? People go to tattoo conventions for various reasons. Enthusiasts may go to visit with or meet out-of-town artists, get new tattoos, look at other people's tattoos or show off their own. Artists may go to purchase flash work from other artists, visit with old friends or to gain more visibility in the field. If you are interested in finding out what's going on in the tattoo world, the convention is the way to go. The one thing that I find marvelous, wonderful and so exciting about tattoo conventions, is that you can meet excellent and well-known artists "in the flesh" and see many of them work! What other kind of convention can you go to, where fans can openly admire the artists? The only one I can think of off-hand is Fan Fair in Nashville, for country music fans (and then it's the STAR versus the FANS--still not quite the same). WHAT TYPES OF CONVENTIONS ARE AVAILABLE? Conventions range in size and length, from very small shop-sponsored conventions that last a day or two, to international organization-sponsored events that span four days. Conventions are usually held over a weekend, and usually include contests (closed to official registrants only) and exhibit floors, where artists may be selling their merchandise or tattooing. The exhibit floor is usually open to the public on a one-day admission fee, for those who don't want to pay the extra fee of registering. Most of the larger conventions are fairly well organized. While not in the same caliber as an academic conference (that might have many workshops, board meetings, poster sessions), convention organizers usually have arrangements with travel agencies and hotels, to provide a good deal for participants. This allows attendees to obtain a lower "convention rate" for both hotel and airfare. Convention rates vary: Registration for a national four-day convention may run around $30-$40, less for a shorter convention. Daily admission passes usually sell for about $10 per person and are only good for the day. Official registrants are usually given a color-coded hospital-style wristband, while those paying for just the day may get their hand stamped. WHY WOULD I WANT TO ATTEND? Have you ever wanted to get a tattoo from a certain artist who lives in another country, or another part of the country? Have you ever wanted to feel a sense of belonging with a group of people who understand your desire for tattoos? People attend conventions for different reasons--the main thing to remember is that these conventions allow you the unique opportunity to be immersed in the tattooing world, where staring at other people's tattoos, or people staring at yours aren't meant as an insult or an offense. You might have read and perused through tattoo magazines and thought "No way! These guys are way too radical for me!" Just remember that everybody was born naked with no tattoos or extra holes in their body. We're all the same, and there is no reason to feel intimidated by others who have bodmods. Also, remember that the magazines will often publish the most outlandish subjects. Otherwise, it's boring and not newsworthy! So sure, you'll see somebody with very bizarro tattoos or with 100 pierces on their body. So what? This is your opportunity to chat with them or otherwise find out what drives them! You think bikers are too rough? Sure, they might be tough-looking; but they are some of the sweetest, friendliest people I've ever met! Word is, a lot of the convention and hotel staff come into these tattoo conventions with some trepidation, then discover, much to their delight, that the attendees are some of the most polite, fun-loving, nicest people around! If you have an appreciation for motorcycles, you'll find some fine examples in the parking lot. However, you'll discover that convention attendees run an entire gamut and that you can't pigeonhole them into any one classification. IS A CONVENTION FOR *EVERYBODY*? A kind word of warning here. If you love tattoos or are very intrigued by them, and you want to meet others of your ilk, the conventions are very good places to go. However, these conventions are not for everybody. For one thing, these conventions are mostly geared toward adults. Unless you are a tattoo artist and your toddler has lived her entire life among the heavily tattooed and pierced, this may be a very upsetting place to go. Those who are sensitive to smoke or asthmatic should know that the convention floor often becomes one big ashtray. Finally, if you are trying to convince your partner to accept tattooing, and your partner gets very upset about the topic in the first place, the convention may be a very shocking and frightening experience that causes the opposite of what you want. WHAT'S THE ATMOSPHERE? Conventions are always pretty congenial and relaxed during the sessions that are open only to registrants. Welcome receptions usually allow time for a lot of socializing, where friends can catch up on old news and share their new tattoos with others. Quite a few people take their cameras along, snapping shots of tattoos and people. This period is also the time to see the real serious tattoo enthusiasts and artists, since these are the ones who usually register for the entire convention. This means that you are likely to see people with very serious pieces of custom work on their bodies. The exhibit floor, when it is still closed to the public (usually on Fridays during a four-day convention) are not too crowded. If you want to get some work done from an artist who has rented a booth, Fridays are a good time to get it done. This would be a good opportunity to visit various booths and actually talk to people. Once the weekend hits and the doors are opened to the public, the atmosphere will change greatly. You will see a lot of "gawkers" and various curiosity-seekers, who may or may not have any tattoos (or if they do, they might be some mediocre flash). The convention floor takes on somewhat of a carnival environment. Attendance seems to depend largely on where the convention is being held. No tattoo convention is so large as to take up a city's major convention center--most conventions occur in hotel ballrooms. Thus if the hotel is in a rural section of town, or the convention is not appropriately advertised, you will not get a very high local turnout. On the other hand, well-advertised events will be so popular that they will have to limit the number of bodies in the room. Note that the National Tattoo Association has a policy (which some regard as archaic) that bans facial and visible body piercings (outside of the ears) because it believes that these promote the side-show-freak atmosphere, which is not condusive to the mainstreaming of tattooing. While I will not condone the purposeful breaking of any policy, I can state that I have seen enough various body piercings at NTA conventions, that it seems if you keep it low key they will not bother you. With the current popularity of body piercing, I would like to counter that some pierces (eyebrows, navel, nipple) have entered into the mainstream, and are now actually used in advertisements. I don't know why NTA still maintains this policy, when many tattooists have their own in-house piercers and the tattooists themselves often sport body pierces themselves. WHAT KIND OF TATTOO CONTESTS ARE THERE? Contests are limited to registrants during the larger conventions, while they may be open to everyone at the smaller ones. Categories seem to differ greatly, however some of the more standard ones you can expect include: best black & gray, most unusual, best tribal, best portrait, best overall. Judging is done either by popular vote, or by a panel of experts (usually composed of veteran artists). Obviously those by popular vote are often judged by the contestant's looks or personality, and not necessarily just by their tattoo. If you plan to attend a contest, I suggest you bring a pair of binoculars. The contestants are usually herded around on stage, and it is often difficult to see the tattoos well. This is especially pertinent if the contest is audience-judged. Some contests are better organized than others; however I have yet to see a contest where everything runs on time. Many contests do not limit the number of entrants in a category, or limit entrants to one category. This can cause long waits and long lines. If you wish to take photos of these contests, plan to bring a telephoto lens. A tripod would not be a bad idea either. CAN I ACTUALLY GET A TATTOO AT A CONVENTION? One of the biggest advantages of attending a convention is that you can book an appointment with a well-known artist who does not live near you. One of the biggest *disadvantages* of booking an appointment for the convention with a well-known artist who does not live near you is that you might not get as good a deal as you would if you were to visit the artist's studio. That is, the exhibit floor is noisy, full of smoke, crowded, and generally hard for anyone to concentrate in. In addition, some artists try to pay for their trips and booth fees by the appointments they do during the convention--so the more tattoos they do, the more money they make. It is possible that you may be overcharged for a tattoo that is not up to the regular standards of the artist. How to avoid this pitfall? Phone the artist WELL in advance. Explain your interests and reserve your time for the convention beforehand--the earlier the better. Give your artist enough time to do some rough sketches as well, that can be drawn up before the convention. If you have been dying to get a tattoo from someone great and famous, why take the risks that the artist fills up that appointment book before you can get to that booth? Reserve in advance and avoid the headache. Should you decide to "wing it" and hope to find someone you like once you're there, you will have a much better chance of securing a time slot if you visit before the public is admitted (which means you have to register for the convention). Chances are, they will want to get a deposit from you immediately (some people make appointments during conventions then fail to show without notifying the artist--very uncool). You have been warned, though. Caveat emptor. WHAT ELSE CAN I FIND AT THESE CONVENTIONS? Even if you don't plan on getting any tattoos, there is still plenty to do on the exhibit floor. Most booths sell merchandise; many booths give away stickers, business cards, etc. Chuck Eldridge from the Tattoo Archive in California usually has a booth at the larger conventions. If you've ever wanted to pick up an out-of-print publication on tattooing, visit his booth! Ever wonder how people get their pictures into the tattoo magazines? In addition to photos submitted by the artists themselves, many of the photos are taken at the conventions! Keep an eye out for signs that identify tattoo magazines. Most of them set up portable studios in nearby rooms. You will be required to sign a standard model release form, and will have to inform them who your artist was (that's actually more important to them than your own name). How to tell if the photos were taken at a convention? Take a look at the wrists of the models in the magazines. Do you see a color-coded hospital wristband? Does the background look like a professional backdrop, versus the inside of a tattoo shop? Unfortunately, the magazine people won't be able to tell you if or when your photo will appear in publication. Most of the time, you just have to look at the issues that appear about three to four months after the convention. The only time they will phone you is when you get a major spread/feature, or if you've made the cover. If this is the case, payment usually comes in the form of extra copies. Ask for as many as you feel comfortable asking for (a couple dozen would not be out of line, although I wouldn't ask for 500 copies unless you had an incredibly large family). Sometimes, the magazines will issue a special issue dedicated to the specific convention you were at. These often include candids and photos of contestants, and may include a photo of you! Many convention organizers also contract a video production group to tape the show. These are usually sold at an on-site booth. In recent years, seminars geared towards artists have been added at larger conventions, with topics such as "Creative Coloring", Care and Tuning your Machine", "Spit-Shading - Watercolor", "Tribal Tattooing", "Preventing Disease Transmission in Tattooing." Unfortunately, these are usually open only to professional artists. I would personally like to one day see sessions geared towards tattoo enthusiasts. Sessions focusing on disease transmission prevention from the customer's point of view, or the history of Polynesian tattooing, are two such examples. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: TATTOOING AND TRAVELING Getting a tattoo at a convention poses a number of potential problems, especially if you are used to getting tattooed near your hometown. Of primary importance is the need to decrease your level of stress during your travel. Thanks go to "convention trooper" Michele DeLio, formerly of _Tattoo_ magazine for some of these pointers. VITAMINS: Begin taking vitamin supplements a few days prior to traveling to the convention. A multi-vitamin supplement is fine, although in particular, you are recommended to take vitamins B and C, and Zinc. Some people cannot tolerate zinc supplements alone--in which case a multi-vitamin supplement containing zinc would suffice. Pack enough tablets to last the duration of the trip. NUTRITION: Without sounding too motherly, eat yer vegetables! Vegetables and fruits are particularly healthy and help cleanse your system prior to your trip. Your digestive system tends to go haywire on the road, so eating fiber (bran cereal, etc.) will also help. Stay away from particularly spicy or greasy foods while you are traveling as well. WATER: Most importantly, you should drink what you might consider *excessive* amounts of water during your travel. Airplane cabins are notorious for their aridity (sometimes as low as 10% humidity), and most experienced travelers recommend that you drink eight ounces of water for every hour you are flying. This will help your body flush out toxins, and keep your skin fresh and hydrated for your new tattoo. CLOTHING: Regardless of your mode of travel, if you are going to be on the road for many hours, try to bring clothing that will let your new tattoo breathe. LEATHER: While a tattoo convention is a great place to look cool in your heavy duty black leather clothing, these do not pack well. Try to limit your heavy duty leather to just your jacket. If you must bring more, choose those which are lighter weight. Bring an extra large diaper pin (or a kilt pin), and use it to hang your jacket label up on the seat back in front of you on the plane. This way, you will have arm room in your seat, and will not have to risk having someone squash it with their vanity case in the overhead. Remember also that leather does not breathe well--if you are getting a tattoo, keep in mind that you will not want to wear leather over it. MOISTURIZER: The air in the cabin is EXTRA dry--pack a moisturizer in your carry-on bag. FRESH AIR: If you are a cigarette smoker, try to cut down on the amount you smoke while you travel. At the convention, try to get outdoors as often as possible--to get some natural light on your skin, as well as to breathe some fresh air. Unless the building is zoned as non-smoking, the convention floor will be a mass of ashtrays and smoke. POOLS & HOT TUBS: If you are staying at a nice hotel for the convention, you'll notice the swimming pools and hot tubs. Enjoy them before, but not after your new tattoo. Your tattoo is simply too fresh to risk immersing in public water. STRESS: Excitement and tension often accompany long-distance travel. Did you remember your airline ticket? Is your hotel room confirmed? Did you forget anything? Just remember that most things can be fixed in a pinch. Some stress-reducing suggestions: o Try to pack as little as possible, and take all your essentials with you in your carry-on (I always travel with one carry-on only). o Make sure to leave your complete itinerary, as well as photocopies of your tickets, with a trusted friend or relative. o Most artists will accept traveler's checks as cash. Convert your cash to these handy checks prior to traveling. Record the check numbers, keep them separate from the checks themselves. o Don't forget to confirm your flight 24 hours ahead, both before you leave, as well as a day before you go home. o Make sure to jot down your hotel confirmation number. With this you should be guaranteed a room. o Special meals on airplanes are HIGHLY recommended. These are available at no extra charge, and include things like ovo-lacto vegetarian (dairy/eggs), vegan (no dairy/eggs), Kosher, seafood, Hindu, low fat, low sodium. Airlines will differ on some things (United offers McDonald's Happy Meals with a toy for the kids or kiddies-at-heart; American offers a Weight Watchers entree). My favorite is the fruit platter. Guaranteed to be the freshest meal, these usually include sliced melon, pineapple, grapes, strawberries. Requests for special meals must be made 24 hours in advance. Special meals are served before all regular meals (remind your flight attendant prior to meal service). o Wear ear plugs on the airplane to reduce engine noise. I prefer the squishy spongy ones that snuggle right into your ear canal. Remember that listening to your walkman will only mask the engine noise, not reduce it. o Many travel stores carry inflatable neck pillows shaped like the letter "C" that crook your neck for napping. These will prevent your neck from getting stiff and sore. o Always ask for a glass of water along with your drink. Or bring your own bottled water. o Stay away from caffeine and alcohol during the flight. These will dehydrate your body and potentially give you a headache (which, if you remedy with an aspirin, would be a bad idea for getting your new tattoo). TATTOO CARE KIT: If you get a new tattoo during the convention, it may be a few days before you get back to the tranquility of your home. Take along a "tattoo care kit" with you to begin caring for your new tattoo while you are still at the convention. I have outlined what I personally use when I travel (Johnson's baby products travel pack) in the "healing a new tattoo" section in the FAQ. I particularly recommend products that are very mild and/or hypoallergenic, so you have less chance of skin problems. Many pharmacies and mega-marts sell one- or two-ounce travel bottles of soap, lotion, etc. I suggest you try some of them for a while on a test patch on your skin to make sure you are not allergic. Red, itchy swollen rashes due to an allergic reaction to skin lotion is not a nice way to be traveling with a new tattoo. If you are going to be flying for many hours, you might want to find a way to cover your tattoo so it doesn't stick to your clothes. Any barrier is fine (tissue, handkerchief), but put this on before you fall asleep on your flight. The author of this FAQ is not only knowledgeable about tattoos; she is a veteran of packing, and is recognized "expert packer" for the www.flifo.com travel reservation web site. Read her Travelite FAQ at the rec.travel library at http://www.solutions.net/rec-travel/general/travelite-faq.html. If you return home with your new tattoo and find that it is not healing as quickly, dab a little bit of antibiotic cream on it for a couple of days to see if it settles down. Whatever problems you're having with your tattoo are probably attributable to travel stress. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ Part 4/9: Tattoo Conventions." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 5/9--Artist List."
Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 5/9--Artist List Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:40:48 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <email@example.com> Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at email@example.com Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part5 Last-modified: June 13, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <firstname.lastname@example.org> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on thw World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab>. The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 5/9: Tattoo artist list - Who is a good/bad tattoo artist near me? o Laws on tattooing (primarily in the US) US West Coast/Pacific US Southwest US Midwest US Southeast US East Coast Canada: British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec EUROPE/UK: London EUROPE/POLAND EUROPE/AUSTRIA ASIA/Japan - Where on my body should I get a tattoo? COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION: Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHO IS A GOOD/BAD TATTOO ARTIST NEAR ME? The following is a list of artists who are personally reviewed by RAB readers. I've now pulled all unattributed reviews that were in the FAQ prior to my taking over the maintenance of. What unattributed reviews there are left are from people who submitted reviews to me long before I got my act together. A posting on this FAQ does *not* constitute approval, and is the personal opinion of the reviewer. For liability purposes, it is YOUR responsibility to check out the artist. Because I only accept personal recommendations, this list is limited to those who are known to people who read RAB There are many excellent artists who have not made it on this list yet. Just because an artist is not on this list doesn't mean they're not recommendable. Consider the reviews in this list along the lines of a restaurant or movie review--YMMV. If you do not see any artists from your area, I suggest you read the previous section of this FAQ on HOW to check out a shop yourself. Another way to is to ask a person with a nice tattoo, which artist did the work. This by the way, is always a very nice question to ask and will often elicit a totally different response from the tattooed person (since comments usually tend to be things like "Is that real?" "Did it hurt?"). Asking who the artist was that did the work is a compliment both to the person and his/her artist. To submit a review, contact <email@example.com> for an artist review form via email. ANYONE can review an artist for this section. If you like your artist, get his name out on the Internet by writing a review! *RIGHT OF REPLY* Anyone mentioned here in the artist review who feels they have been misrepresented or who wish a "right of reply" are invited to send email to me at <firstname.lastname@example.org>. The contents of that email will be posted in its entirety in its first appearance, and a condensed version included permanently along with the artist's review. US WEST COAST & PACIFIC CALIFORNIA California law states professional tattoo artists are not allowed to tattoo minors who are under the age of 18. Otherwise unregulated. Bay Area ======== 222 TATTOO, 222 Eighth Street, San Francisco, CA 94103, 415 255-8222 Rates: $120/hr, $50 min; $25-$50 cash deposit required when making appt. Cash, credit cards. Reviewed 11/97 by Art Richards <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: 2.5 blocks south of Market in industrial neighborhood. Newly remodeled, spacious, bright, airy, clean, pleasant, a lot of artwork & plants. Excellent sound system and good CD collection. Makes every other shop I've been to look like a hole in the wall. ARTIST REVIEW--EDDIE DEUTSCH: World-class custom artist, formerly of Ed Hardy's Tattoo City. Honed his art by working with many well-known names. Easy chairside manner. Works mainly freehand, fantastic color sense; very fast, takes few breaks hence probably less expensive than artists charging less. Tattooing for 10 years. Booked at least a month ahead. BLUE BUDDHA, 1959 Ashby Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94703, 510-549-9860 Priced by piece; ongoing, such as back pieces, $120/hr. Cash only. Work featured at <http://www.grin.net/~holden94/tattoo/>. Reviewed 7/97, updated 7/98 by Art Richards <firstname.lastname@example.org>. SHOP REVIEW: Across the street from the BART station in a row of small shops. The studio is small and a little cluttered. John works in an alcove at the back, Will out front. Usual sanitary precautions observed (gloves, ink cups, sterilization, etc.). A large selection of flash in the waiting area. Alcove can be blocked off for privacy. ARTIST REVIEW--JOHN DOUGHERTY: Hell of an artist! I picked out a small flash phoenix; he used basic orientation, but completely redrew it and did a full color rendering before we started. Got a lot of attention at a recent convention. Easy to talk to. Has been tattooing 10 years, apprenticed with Kev Heath. Heavily tattooed himself, full sleeves. Many of his excellent custom sketches mounted on the walls. ARTIST REVIEW--Will Burgess: Very crisp outlining, beautiful detailed work. Foo dog has intense, evenly applied color. Has been tattooing for five years. Apprenticed with Bert Rodriguez. DIVERSITY, 1419 Broadway, Walnut Creek, 94596. Ph: 925-939-7901 $100/hr, $40 minimum, Cash, major credit and debit cards Reviewed 6/98 by Art Richards <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Downtown across from the library. Diversity is a head shop (clothes, posters, incense, smoke shop, bongs, etc. About a fourth of the main area is partioned off for two tattooists and one piercer. Fairly private and additional screens can be put up for the shy. Usual sanitary precaustions observed, new needle for each client. No smoking. Good parking in city garage across the street for $2 max. ARTIST REVIEW--Benja Burlingame: Benja is very congenial and easy to talk to. He has been tattooing for 4 1/2 years. Trained at Academy of Art College, San Francisco. Does good clean work, nice light touch. About half of his work is flash. Very good artist, I've seen some of his custom work on others and it is excellent. I plan on getting a larger piece from him soon. TATTOO ARCHIVE, 2804 San Pablo Ave., Berkeley 94702. Ph: 510/548-5895 $100/hour, $45 minimum. Cash and major credit cards. Reviewed 5/96 by Ann Duveneck <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean (he wears gloves while tattooing etc.) and fascinating (lots of pictures and curios). When he worked on my legs, he locked the door for privacy. When he did my shoulder (with my OK), he let people wander in; this made me feel I was getting the total tattoo experience! Neighborhood is old part of town; but I never felt unsafe or was hassled on the street. ARTIST REVIEW--CHUCK ELDRIDGE: Best known as a tattoo historian, but does beautiful work of his own. A great conversationalist but not overly chatty. Really listened and was open to my ideas about the design, but also made suggestions to maintain artistic quality. He's had this shop 15 years. Won't do faces, hands, or necks. Heavily tattooed himself; has collected tattoos from all over the world. TATTOO CITY, 722 Columbus Ave, SF, CA 94133 415/433-9437 Cost: $125/hr, cash/credit cards. Shop reviewer: Karl Elvis MacRae <email@example.com>. SHOP REVIEW: The best in shop in SF (Actually, without a doubt the best in the state; possibly the best in the country). Owned by Ed Hardy; the guys who work there are simply great. You cannot go wrong with them. ARTIST REVIEW--UPDATE AS OF 9/25/95, with new information provided by Francesca Passalacqua <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Hardy's wife. NALLA <email@example.com>: Blackwork; excellent artist. Also knowledgeable about piercings, "a young guy from New York." IGOR MORTIS: A great tattooer from Holland. UPDATE AS OF 97: Igor is now working out of a Black Cat Tattoo in Kailua, Hawaii (on Oahu). COLIN STEVENS: A young American who was raised in Japan. He's more comfortable in Japanese than in English, but his English is nearly perfect. His design sense is clearly Japanese. He is an amazing artist, doing Japanese-style work. Review 11/96 by Michael VanDercreek <Mickey@almcepud.vip.best.com>: SHOP REVIEW: Flash from many styles adorn the walls of this medium-sized tattoo parlor. Wide variety of music enjoyed by the even wider variety of customers. Walk-ins accepted as possible but reservations highly recommended as this is very busy shop with well known artists. It is obvious that sanitation is a high priority here. ARTIST REVIEW--NALLA SMITH: Fine-art illustration (SF/fantasy, anime, comic book, gothic tribalism, nouveau design), undeniably first rate. Portfolio shows mastery of many popular styles but more importantly also show he has perfected own style. Chair-side manner friendly and caring without sacrificing attention paid to artwork. True artist and will work with you to achieve the perfect piece. San Jose ======== PIN UP PARLOUR, 520 South Second St, San Jose CA 408/279-3582. Reviewer: J. Eric Townsend <firstname.lastname@example.org> * UPDATE! Klem is now online at <ETCB23B@prodigy.com>, and is* * now at a shop called "Marks of Art," also in San Jose. * ARTIST REVIEW--KLEM <ETCB23B@prodigy.com>: Went to Klem on the advice of Karl MacRae. Klem helped figure out the right size of the piece I wanted; talked to me quite a bit about visual vs. physical balance of the placement of a tattoo ; answered all my questions about how everything worked, what he was doing, why he did it, etc. Sems to specialize in non-geometric, like Asian fish designs (he's got some beautiful drawings of koi in his booth). DRAGON TATTOO, San Jose, CA Reviewer: Karl Elvis MacRae <email@example.com> ARTIST REVIEW--PINKY YUEN: Used to be one of the best around--one of the first Hong Kong tattooist to come over here and start a shop, so I consider it something of an honor to be wearing his work. However in his advanced age (70s?), he's not the same as he was. When he tattooed me (twice, the first about 12 years ago, the second more like 9), he was still doing OK work if he liked you, so I got some decent stuff. Sacramento ========== BACK DOOR STUDIO, 1316 Del Paso Blvd, Sacramento, 95815 916/927-2136. Noon-8pm. 7 days/week. General Prices: $80/hr. Reviewer: Richard Talbert <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Clean friendly shop, has won the local "News & Review" newspaper "Best Place to Get a Tattoo" award for 3 out of 4 yrs. ARTIST REVIEW--JACKIE: Good basic work. Has done 5 tattoos on me from Mickey Mouse Fantasia to tribal work. Have had her work described as as crisp sharp lines with an understanding of what a tattoo should be. LIBERTY TATTOO, 4825 Amber Lane (off College Oak near Auburn Blvd.) Sacramento, CA 95814. Ph: 916/344-4340. $100/hour, cash only. Reviewed 5/96 by: Carin Kimble <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: The shop is spotless. Bill's work area is in the open, but there are two other rooms with more privacy for the shy. Both the neighborhood and the other artists are fairly nice. ARTIST REVIEW--BILL LIBERTY: Nine-time award winner, in the business for years. Has great chairside manner and work is incredible. My piece is beautifully done, colorful and unique. People stop me daily to ask where I got it done. I have had work done by others, but I'll never go back to them after having gotten work from Bill. Santa Clara =========== EDDIE'S SKIN WORKS, 1207 El Camino Real, Santa Clara 408/554-8520 Reviewer: Karl Elvis MacRae <firstname.lastname@example.org> ARTIST REVIEW--EDDIE LUM. Highly recommend Pinky's brother, Eddie Lum. His forte, not surprisingly, is Oriental stuff. Very good w/ flowing lines, dragons,tigers, flowers. I have 2 pieces from him & am very pleased. Warning: For custom designs, there's a language barrier, you may have to explain it several times. Redwood City ============ REDWOOD TATTOO, 846-M Jefferson Ave, Redwood City, CA 415/369-6365, walk-ins welcome, but appts have priority. Closed Sun. & Mon, appts required for custom work. Cash only. Reviewer: Rebecca Fenton <email@example.com> ARTIST REVIEW--PACO DIETZ: Was at Picture Machine (San Francisco); specializes in fantasy art, custom designs. New shop w/ lots of new flash. Beautiful tribal and celtic designs, as well as some unusual Native American designs. Darker style Karl: Apprentice, past experiences have been scratching out of his home. Specializes in Neo-Japanese. Does very nice custom work (my favorite of his is a butterfly with a tiger face peering out at you through the wing designs), experience in blackwork and fine line. Santa Cruz ========== LOVEDOG TATTOOS, 628 "B" Ocean (behind Trading Musician), Santa Cruz 95060; 408/469-3642 Rate: Under $80/hour, cash only Reviewed 11/95 by June Petersen <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Small place, didn't see much privacy available. Shop was very clean. Books available in the waiting area with art samples of all the artists. From what I saw, exacting symmetry might not be her strong suit, but the more creative work verged from nice to gorgeous. ARTIST REVIEW--CHERIE: Very professional, friendly, and solicitous of my comfort. We discussed the work in detail prior to start, and results were quite pleasing. Aftercare information was quite good. Highly recommended, based on my work, and the examples of her other work. Santa Rosa ========== INKY CELLS TATTOO COMPANY, 821 Santa Rosa Avenue Santa Rosa, CA 95407 (707) 569-9525. Cost: $50 minimum for custom work, cash only. Reviewed 3/97 by Sharron Darnell <email@example.com>. SHOP REVIEW: Tiny, but immaculate & well organized. Located on a busy street in a dicey but colorful neighborhood. No privacy - shop is too small. Homey atmosphere, like being in your own living room. ARTIST REVIEW--DANA TYRRELL: 6+ years experience. Very friendly, with an almost maternal chairside manner. Will not tattoo hate messages (swastikas, etc). Amazing portfolio! Central Valley =================== Tattoo Time, 1680 Yosemite Pkwy, Merced Ph: (209) 388-1067 Reviewed 3/98 by Dragon Don Sewell <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: The shop is located on the south side of Merced on your way to Yosemite. The shop is clean comfortable and profeshional. There is a very large selection of flash and jewelry to choose from. Artist Review--Dammit Dave Climer: Dammit Dave is probably the finest flash tattooist I have seen. I have been to many shops and conventions and still travel over 500 miles for my body work. He is a member of NTA.APT.APC. and the APP. He has been tattooing for about 13yrs. 5yrs. in his own shop. He has been piercing for about 4yrs. Greater Los Angeles =================== BLACK WAVE TATTOO, 118 S. La Brea, LA. 213/932-1900 Reviewer: Lani Teshima-Miller <email@example.com> FAQ maintainer ARTIST REVIEW--LEO ZULUETA: An incredibly humble and well-mannered man, this former Hawaii boy is internationally noted for his bold tribal blackwork. Amazing to see such bold pieces come out of such a diminutive person. A nice person who makes your ink session a very pleasant experience, he lacks the arrogance and attitude that sometimes emerges with such big stars in this league. BODY ELECTRIC TATTOO, 7274 1/2 Melrose Ave., LA, 90046. Ph. 213/954-0408. Payment in cash, credit cards. Rate: $100/hr Reviewed 8/95 by Lauri Tyeryar <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Shop was immaculate, professional, in a clean, touristy neighborhood, easy to get to. Everyone in the shop was professional, knowledgeable, and friendly. ARTIST REVIEW--JESSE TUESDAY: Specializes in custom, Japanese. Did a great job on my arm. Not at all opposed to working around someone else's work. Spent ~6 hours there and it was great. Left w/ an amazing piece, was charged *very* fairly and felt like I'd made a friend. Went the extra mile to see that we were both satisfied, and there was NO attitude. OUTER LIMITS, 3024 W Ball Rd (@ Beach), Anaheim, CA 92804 714/761-8288. Reviewer: Tim Lu <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Shop wall is covered with awards. Nice front reception area; work area behind reception counter. Not too much privacy-- individual work areas not divided. [Second shop in Riverside, although Kari Barba works primarily out of the Anaheim shop: Twilight Fantasy Tattoo of Riverside, 5517 Van Buren Bl (Sylvan & Van Buren), Riverside, CA 909/688-8282. M-Th 11-10 FSS 11-11 MC VS AM Disc, cash no checks.] ARTIST REVIEW--KARI BARBA: Extremely well-known for her work w/ nature & wildlife. Style reminiscent of a watercolor-like quality, which sets her apart from many other artists. PECKER WOODS TATTOO, 16501 P.C.H., Sunset Beach, CA 90742, 310-592-3715 Rates: $125/hr, cash. Reviewed 3/97 by William Carl Endsley <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean shop; hospital sterilization & equipment (e.g. gurney, arm rest, cleaning solution). Half block from beach in very nice environment. Easy to find on Coast Hwy. Moderate privacy depending on area of tattoo. White tiled floor provides operating-room effect. Ample sunlight through windows while keeping privacy. ARTIST REVIEW--TROY HARLESS: Originally from Whittier, CA, tattooing professionally for 8 years. His creativity and passion for the art is reflected in his custom free-hand designs. His personality makes you feel at ease, satisfied, yet wanting more. SKIN WORKS, 313 E. Balboa Blvd, Newport Beach 92661, 714/675-8905 Reviewer: Tim Lu <email@example.com> ARTIST REVIEW--ARDEE ALLEN (owner): Excellent, always very professional. I feel it's important to support women in business--been going to her for about 5 years and she's done my entire chest & about 3/4 of my back. Periodically attends conventions, work has appeared in a number of tattoo magazines. Specialties: Custom work, coverups, colorwork, sumi (Japanese calligraphy) style grey work. LYNDA TOBBIN: Talented artist who does very nice custom work. Piercer: Val. SUNSET STRIP TATTOO, INC., 8418 Sunset Blvd. W. Hollywood 90069. 213/650-6530. 10am-Midnite 7 days/wk. Reviewed by Antigone Means <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Was quite impressed by their work in magazines, so I went to check it out. It was clean, the people were very nice, and I was impressed by the pieces that walked out of there. ARTIST REVIEW--DOTTIE: I brought my own design; the artwork is fantastic; lines are straight & even, shading is very professional--everything I could have wanted! Made getting my tattoo a highly positive experience, and everyone (other artists included) has been highly impressed and wanted to know who did it!! San Diego ========= AVALON TATTOOS, 1035 Garnet Ave, San Diego, 92109 (Pacific Beach) 619/274-7635. Email: email@example.com. Needles autoclaved, new ink for each new client. Hours: Noon-8pm. Appts preferred; walk-ins on Sat only. Cash only. Privacy ensured. Update: 6/98 from mike <firstname.lastname@example.org> Avalon now has a 2nd store opened in San Diego , at 3039 Adams Avenue , San Diego Ca. 92104 ph # 619*280*1957 ! It is run by Fip Buchanan. Reviewer: Lani Teshima-Miller <email@example.com> former FAQ maintainer ARTIST REVIEW--PATTI KELLEY: Specializes in bright color work. Award winner, booked a few months ahead. FIP BUCHANAN: Graffiti art. STEVE BARJONAS: Likes all styles but particularly enjoys Native American gray work. RANDY: Comic book art-style. MIKE STROBBE Santa Barbara ============= TATTOO SANTA BARBARA, 318 State St, or mail: PO Box 777, Santa Barbara, 93101 805/962-7552; fax 805/962-1412. Email: <firstname.lastname@example.org>. By appt. Open around noon; Closed M/T. Quotes on small work; $100/hr on large/custom work. Cash, Visa/MC, AMEX, ATM cards. *PERSONALLY HIGHLY RECOMMENDED BY TATTOO FAQ MAINTAINER.* Shop Review #1 by Thom Wade <email@example.com>: Bright, airy shop a few blocks from pier with most hygienic setup I've ever seen. Work area separated from walk-ins by a counter. Lots of visual art (hanging fans, fish, visions of Ireland) in addition to tattoo art. Vast collection of tattoo art and ideas. Shop Review #2 4/96 by Sean Corfield <firstname.lastname@example.org>: Excellent sterile conditions despite a wonderfully cluttered shop with great guard dog. Plenty of things hanging from the ceiling to keep the eyes occupied while being worked on. Lots of soothing music, celtic, new age whatever. Work area only separated from walk-in area by a counter but still reasonably private. Artist Review #1 by Thomas Wade: Pat Fish (owner): Specializes in Celtic design. Tattooing 10+ years (after UCSB degree). Executes amazing artistic visions on skin. Honest, direct and professional in every aspect of her tattooing, making each customer feel his/her work is important. With an artist's feel for what will look best, she guides customers to art that looks and wears well. Artist Review #2 by Aaron Remick <email@example.com>: Pat is a very frank and honest sort who really takes a lot of pride in her work, from design through the finished tattoo. She was very helpful in working out tattoo design, particularly relating to her knowledge of the Celtic style, which is extensive. Artist Review #3 by Sean Corfield <firstname.lastname@example.org> 4/96: Pat is a fiercely independent, outspoken woman who doesn't suffer fools gladly. Taught initially by Cliff Raven, she has built up over 10 years of experience running her own shop. She takes great pride in her work and is very patient while dealing with placement and customisation of the design. Her knowledge of Celtic art and culture is extensive and she has a real passion for it. --==*-< >-*==-- OREGON Portland ======== ATOMIC ART, 1306 NW Hoyt St. St 302, Portland, OR. 503/224-3633 Hours 11am-9pm Tuesday-Saturday, $100/hour, Cash only. Reviewed 3/96 by: John Thomas Smith <email@example.com>. SHOP REVIEW: Clean (autoclave is prominent on a counter) and bright, located in a older building housing many small businesses. Everyone in the shop is VERY careful to maintain a sanitary work area. ARTIST REVIEW--LONDON BELLMAN: All artists in shop do custom work. I had London copy a picture of a Tiger's face from a book of cats. London is/was an artist (drawing and sculpture) before doing tattoo. This is my first so I have no way to compare with others, but EVERYONE who has seen the work is very impressed. I would recommend London Bellman to anyone. --==*-< >-*==-- WASHINGTON (State): Laws on tattooing: Nonexistent and unregulated. Lynwood ======= DERMA*GLYPHS BY SHADER, 13813 Hwy. 99, Lynnwood, WA 98037 Reviewed 3/97 by Carry Tveit <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean, not much on walls, total privacy (blankets over windows, door to studio, waiting area) in a easy to access area, nice music, very mellow. Makes own needles, never uses one on more than one client. Cleans between each color. Blends own colors. ARTIST REVIEW--SONNY (owner): He took time (an hour!) to discuss the tat beforehand, been in business for over 27 years, very nice, checks up on how you are doing often. Seattle ======= DERMAGRAPHICS OF SEATTLE, 1516 Western Ave, Seattle, 206/622 1535, by appointment only, http://www.oz.net/~vyvyn Reviewer: Lani Teshima-Miller <email@example.com> FAQ maintainer ARTIST REVIEW--VYVYN LAZONGA: Specializes in combining bold primitive lines with colorful, flowing abstract geometrics lines, bubbles, etc. The whole effect is very pleasing, and rather unique, & would work well for both men and women. Reviewer: Gail LaForest-Mall <firstname.lastname@example.org> Artist Review--Vyvyn Lazonga: I have found Vyvyn to be very sensitive and forth-right. I have great respect for her skill and ability to sense the needs of the people she works with. I also admire her courage in her long history of development and recognition as one of the world's first female tattoo artists. SEATTLE TATTOO EMPORIUM, 1106 E. Pike St, Seattle 206/622 6895 Reviewer: Hostess <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: A girl I worked with (who has 14-15 tattoos) told me that she and her friends had had bad experiences from them in the past, stemming primarily from their unprofessional behavior in trying to "hit on them" in what they perceived as rather unflattering ways. Please note that this did not happen to me when *I* went, although they did not provide very good aftercare instructions. Artist Review #1 by Hostess--HUBBA: I had a decent (if not average) small rose tattooed by a guy named Hubba at the Seattle Tattoo Emporium. Artist Review #2 by Kat O'Bryan <firstname.lastname@example.org>: Okay, I beg to differ on this one. I got my (very beautiful) tattoo at Seattle Tattoo Emporium. Jim Hillary was the artist. I have seen other work he has done, and I thought it was beautiful. Don't know if I would have gotten any of the other guys there to do it, but I liked what I saw in his book. Plus he is a nice guy. I get constant compliments on my tattoo (whenever I wear a shirt that is low enough in back). I guess any place can have its mistakes. Slave to the Needle, Seattle Reviewed 4/98 by Melissa Monson <email@example.com> Shop Review: Great shop, lots of artwork to view and portfolios.clean place, sterile, good music, friendly artists and comfortable chairs for your friends while they wait. Artist Review--Piere: Piere had a nice portfolio and I took a look it it and saw good inking, and well done tatts. Most of it was graffiti style but he adapts well to other types and styles. Spokane ======= ARTISTIC IMPRESSIONS, 4901 N. Market, Spokane 99207, 509/483-6545 $75/hr (1993 rate). Reviewer: Victor Swan <swanv@Wsuvm1.csc.wsu.edu> SHOP REVIEW: Clean, well lit, open feeling shop. Business-like, professional and congenial for both men and women (sometimes has a female apprentice). Clientele are both young and old; shop does not have a biker image, although bikers do come in from time to time. Has alot of original flash, much of it not priced. He prices this original flash after he does a piece once. Buys original tattoo artwork from local artists. ARTIST REVIEW--DUFFY MOON: Well worth the top rate in this area. Charges less if it takes less time than estimate; never charges more than the quoted price. Excellent technique, skill, craftsmanship. Incredible fine work. Seems to like the opportunity to be creative--adds to/alters designs on the fly. His personal, almost full-sleeve tattoos were full-page pictured in _Skin & Ink_, Feb. '94, p. 61. He and his "Most Unusual" award winning tattoo from the Chicago Tattoo Tour '93 are in a full-page picture in _Tattoo Ink_, Jan. '94, p. 64. IDAHO--Tattooing laws: Nonexistent and unregulated. EYE OF THE DRAGON, 416 S 5th Ave C, Pocatello, ID, 83204; (208) 232-7829. Appts/walk-ins welcome. Reviewer: Antigone Means <firstname.lastname@example.org> ARTIST REVIEW--TOKEN TOM: Specializes in blackwork, and charges $5 for each extra color. My custom frog piece looked like an outline with some coloring in; the shading wasn't right and in 2 months the color started to fade!! He & apprentice Jan were very nice, but I didn't want to go back to get my tatt redone there after that experience. You will have a problem if smoking bothers you. Permanent eyelining done, and now have a resident piercer. TY'S TATTOOS, 690 Yellowstone Av. Pocatello 83201, 208/234-4577. Very reasonable rates. Appts/walk-ins welcome. Reviewer: Antigone Means <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Small but very clean; no smoking in front room. ARTIST REVIEW--TY: Specializes in custom, tribal, and bright colors. Very pleased with the results. Not totally perfect; some lines not as even as could be on the outline, but pretty darn good. Excellent shading, vibrant colors. Definitely an artist, not just fill-in-the-space person. Definitely got more than my money's worth. Ty's apprentice, Pat, drew up the outline freehand, and did an excellent job. Ty guarantees his work and will do touchups for free with no hassle. --==*-< >-*==-- HAWAII Oahu ==== A BLACK CAT TATTOO, 137 Hekili, Kailua, 808/263-5535 Open daily. Cash, Visa, Mastercard. Artists: Igor Mortis (formerly of Tattoo City in San Francisco), and Kandi Everett (formerly of China Sea). CHINA SEA TATTOO, 1033 Smith, Honolulu, 808/553-1603 Reviewer: Lani Teshima-Miller <firstname.lastname@example.org> FAQ maintainer. SHOP REVIEW: The oldest tattoo studio in the US with a grand tradition. In Chinatown area near Downtown Honolulu. Suggest going during the day (hours: Noon-11pm) to avoid seedy nightlife scene. ARTIST REVIEW--MIKE MALONE, DOUG HARDY: All excellent. Mike very active in the tat world, and attends tat conventions. Doug Hardy is Don Ed Hardy's son, and has been working at China Sea now for over three years. SKIN DEEP TATTOOING, 2128 Kalakaua Ave, Hon. 808/924-7460. If in Waikiki, you may want to stop by; right on the main strip. Place is run by Winona Martin & several of her workers. Advertises heavily; may be pricy due to Waikiki location. U.S. ROCKIES --==*-< >-*==-- COLORADO Boulder ======= BOLDER INK, 2735 Iris Ave., Suite A, Boulder CO 80304, (303) 444-7380 $100/hour shop rate for custom work, cash and credit cards, including Visa, MC and Discover. Reviewed by S. "Elusis" Thomas <email@example.com>. SHOP REVIEW: Clean, comfortable, *very* friendly. Each artist has own private booth area. Jennifer's is right in front w/ glass windows around the top, but I doesn't feel too exposed. Safety/hygiene credentials and workshop certifications displayed prominently. Portfolios for each artist available out front: all quite impressive. ARTIST REVIEW--JENNIFER was extremely friendly during our consultation, enthusiastic about my choice of subject. She took the sketches and pictures I brought in and did her own drawing from them over the next week. I was especially pleased with her color work and the detail of her shading. I understand that she's leaving Boulder at the end of August to open a shop in Portland, OR. Reviewed 4/98 by Anna Bunce <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: Autoclave, of course. Lance explains all sterilization, and is aware of cross-contamination. He has been working with the Health Dept. to develop a code for tattooists and piercers. Shop is very clean, in a sort-of upscale mini mall. All 4 artists have their own rooms off the reception area, so privacy is not a problem. No smoking in the shop. Artist Review--Lance Talon: Lance has a BFA from San Fran Art Institute. Member APP/APT. Very polite and considerate. A cool guy who also happens to be a great artist. BOUND BY DESIGN, 1121 Broadway, Boulder CO 80302, (303) 786-7272 Rates: Up to $200 an hour for custom work. Cash, credit cards. Reviewed by S. "Elusis" Thomas <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: I encountered a "hipper-than-thou" attitude from the artist, who quoted me what I thought was a high rate. His portfolio did not seem to have many photos or custom work. Perhaps I felt judged about my "normal" appearance and lack of experience with tattoos. U.S. SOUTHWEST --==*-< >-*==-- NEW MEXICO: Bill's Wild West Tattoo Shop 711 Alarid Street, Santa Fe, NM 87501 (505) 982-9421 Reviewed 6/98 by Anne Ruisi <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: The shop looked immaculately clean, and there was obvious regard to sanitation procedures being followed right in front of me. Lots of flash art, neatly organized into large flip racks on the wall were available to browse. The shop is right off the main roads in Santa Fe, yet in a nice private alcove of the street. ARTIST REVIEW--Mark: Mark told me he had no formal artistic training, but spent most of his life drawing and watching other tattoo artists and he's been working with Bill for the past two years. I am extremely pleased with the way my difficult piece turned out. U.S. MIDWEST --==*-< >-*==-- ILLINOIS: Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated @ 16-5-71 (1993): Professional tattoo artists are not allowed to tattoo minors under the age of *21*. Violations are considered a Class C misdemeanor. Otherwise unregulated. BODY BASICS PRECISION TATTOOING & BODY PIERCINGS, 613 W Briar, Chicago, 60657, 312/404-5838, (blk so. of Belmont, w. of Broadway), email: <email@example.com> Daily: M-Th 2-10p, F/Sa 2-Midnite, S 2-6p. Cash, Visa/Mastercard. Appointments required for tattoo work. Resident tattooist as of 3/97 is Misha. Reviewer: Phredd Groves <firstname.lastname@example.org> Owned by Mad Jack, I can personally recommend these guys as far as piercing & professionalism goes. CHICAGO TATTOOING COMPANY, 922 W Belmont, Chicago, 312/528 6969. Reviewer: Marla Clayman <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Clean; on one wall there's a list saying something like "things to look for in a safe tattoo environment" (cleanliness, etc) which put me even more at ease because I knew questions would be welcomed. No smoking. In a very gay-friendly and fun area. Rates: $100/hr. Cash, credit cards ARTIST REVIEW--ROB(ERT) HIXON: Seems to enjoy cover-up work. Has a background in design and drafting, been tattooing for a couple of years. Very friendly (and patient) to first-timers, and I saw a lot of cover-up work I was impressed by in his portfolio. Willing to speak about other artists he liked. Others he's inked that i've talked to have been very pleased as well. GUILTY + INNOCENT PRODUCTIONS, 3105 N. Lincoln, Chicago 60657, 312/404-6955 tattoos, 404-6963 merchandise. Mail-order catalog $1. Reviewers: Phredd Groves <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Dawn Grace Russell <email@example.com> and Lani Teshima-Miller <firstname.lastname@example.org> FAQ maintainer. SHOP REVIEW: In an unassuming neighborhood with many empty shops. Could easily miss this small shop if you weren't looking for it. Front area looks rather dark with black walls, reminiscent of a bachelor pad. Actual work area half a flight up in the back on a custom-built floor. Air conditioning as of 6/95. --Lani. ARTIST REVIEW--GUY AITCHISON: Booked a year and a half in advance--deposit required, call for details. Award-winning artist, highly skilled, very adept at translating your wishes into reality, hot stuff! Well worth the price and long waiting period. $150/hr, includes consultation/drawing time. --Phredd An incredibly gifted artist with a personality to match; unassuming and unpretentious, Guy seems more driven by an inner need to express his art than in making a buck--I was impressed both by his work and his person! --Lani Notes: Dawn says *GUY DOES FRACTAL WORK*! Rob Koss no longer at G+IP as of 1996. I'M NO ANGEL PRODUCTION, 2606 W. Farmington Rd., Peoria, 61604. 309/673-4930. Open Noon to 8pm everyday. New needles and ink for each new customer. Appointment required. Reviewer: Steven Parks <email@example.com> ARTIST REVIEW--WANDA HARPER (owner): Specializes in Celtic and Native American designs, as well as piercings. Learned from Jim Hawk (Galesburg), who occasionally stops by for a visit, and people in town who know him may come in for a special tat. Wanda looks out for her customers and won't do work that won't turn out--It's all in the reputation. LIVING COLOR TATTOOS, 1622 Broadway, Mattoon 61938, 217/234-9611 Appointments only; will take walk-ins if appointments are cancelled. Rate: $100/hour, cash only. Reviewed 2/96 by Brad Koehler <TATTUDE@aol.com>. SHOP REVIEW: Nice large building in the nicest block of downtown business district. High ceilings, well-lit work area, walls covered w/ colorful sheets of flash. Curtains can be drawn around work area for privacy. Very clean; new needles/surgical gloves every time, all equipment autoclaved, health department inspected/approved. ARTIST REVIEW--DAVE "TOAD" BALDWIN: Only artist in shop. Accomplished artist, owned/operated own shop for the 14 yrs. Excellent with the clients, has great reputation and large following in the east central Illinois. Very professional, explains everything, will answer all questions. Has also been doing piercings for the past couple of years. TATTOO FACTORY, 4408 N. Broadway , Chicago IL 60640, 312-989-4077 Cash, credit cards. Reviewed 7/96 by: Rob Voorwinden <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Large shop in relaxed neighborhood. A lot of designs (looked for large tribal design for upper leg in various Netherlands & London shops; finally found it here). Shop looks very clean. New razor, needle and new plastic cover on the disinfectant spray for each customer. This shop seems much cleaner than most shops I've seen. ARTIST REVIEW--HARLAN ROSS: Very friendly, takes time for his customers. Took some effort to get the design on the right place on my leg. Harlan worked on me for 2.5 hours. The tattoo is really great: 13" wide, and on its highest point 4" high. I paid 400 dollars for it and got two free t-shirts as a bonus :) --==*-< >-*==-- IOWA--Tattooing laws: ? Creative Images, 4817 University Ave #7, Des Moines Ph: 515 277 8288, $80 per hour Reviewer: Jeff Gitchel <email@example.com> Shop Review: Excellent atmosphere, good location, many books of art. Air conditioned, comfortable, and very clean. Smoking not allowed in shop, nor persons under 18 (by law). Tattoos by appointment only. Artist Review--Sherry: Sherry is the shop owner. She is very willing to answer questions, and fun to talk to. She is very well known, among those concerned for quality, for her excellent detail and single needle work. I saw many people wearing examples of her fine work before I called. I will be calling her again. Reviewer: Davo Wilkins <DavoAxiom@webtv.net> Artist Review--Sherry Sears:Sherry has been tattooing for over 15 years in Des Moines. Her bed side manner is calm and relaxing and she will let you bring in cds and make the experence as personal as possible. She has a keen eye for placing and drawing the tattoo to fit the body. She does mostly custom work. --==*-< >-*==-- KANSAS--Tattooing laws: unregulated. SKIN ILLUSTRATIONS, 9970 Sante Fe Dr (87th Street), Overland Park. Ph: 913/642-7464. Reviewer: Robert Goings <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Professional, VERY clean, excellent relaxing atmosphere; great for both first-timers and experienced. Prices: $50/hr for standard work and $65/hr for custom work. Some piercings also done: Average price: $25 + jewelry. ARTIST REVIEW--UNCLE RUSSELL: An excellent artist who's very versatile in the use of colors and shades. Jake: A very good artist also excellent with shading. Matt: Shop apprentice. --==*-< >-*==-- MICHIGAN--Tattooing laws: unregulated. CREATIVE TATTOO, TATTOO AS ART, 307 E Liberty St. Ann Arbor, 48104. 313/662-2520. $100 minimum, $200/hr depending on work. Cash only. Reviewer: Jami Goldstein <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean, bright, airy, nicely decorated with lots of reference books and magazines for people who need to find the right artwork. Makes you feel immediately at ease. Privacy is very important, closed room for tattooing and she won't allow interruptions while she's working. Barbara-her piercer and desk person is also very friendly. ARTIST REVIEW #1 BY JAMI: SUZANNE FAUSER: BFA, MA Fine Art. Very personable, used to be a school teacher and definitely has a way with people. She has some incredible body art too. Artist review #2 by Jean-Luc Reutter <firstname.lastname@example.org>: Suzanne has great custom designs, preferably black only or celtic. Skilled artist but sometimes lacks motivation w/ smaller pieces; results may vary in quality. Usually by appt only, very rarely walk- ins. Sometimes guest artists. Nice friendly atmosphere. Artist review #3 by Lance "Zaphod" Bailey <email@example.com>: She really doesn't specialize in Celtic stuff. Used to, but doesn't any more--says her old eyes aren't good enough for it. Was in her shop yesterday and she seemed pretty disinterested in doing Celtic stuff on me. Maybe Celtic- inspired, but it's going to take some work from me to get a design she's willing to do, & I'm willing to wear...sigh. But she does specialize in being good :) I saw a wizard she did yesterday and it was so very nice. Piercer: Barbara --==*-< >-*==-- MINNESOTA--Tattooing laws: unregulated. ACME TATTOO CO, 1045 Arcade St, St. Paul, 612/771-0471 Reviewer: Erik Nelson <firstname.lastname@example.org> Expensive. Pre-designed tats are costly & other work is $200/hour (as of '92). Acme's highlight used to be Dave Black. Dave however, has moved onto another shop (see next entry). ALLEY CAT TATTOO, 597 N Snelling Ave, St Paul, 55104 612/641-1663. Reviewer: Erik Nelson <email@example.com>. ARTIST REVIEW--DAVE BLACK: Even better than he used to be, and has affordable prices ($125/hr as of 1/95). Very good with coverups, tho' he also does black & grey, tribal, cartoons, and just about anything. He does a lot of custom work, but also has flash available. --==*-< >-*==-- OHIO--Tattooing laws: unregulated. 8-BALL TATTOO, 2593 Indianola Ave, Columbus 43202, 614/784-8850, 2-10 pm Tues-Sat. $30 min; $30 deposit; competitive prices. Cash only. Reviewer: Janet Ingraham <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Looks a bit on the shoestring side: fairly bare, folding chairs etc. They DO have a Magic 8-Ball. NO flash on the walls! Instead, they have a display of excellent bumper stickers by a local artist (eg: "Warning: Mind Control Experiments next 5 Miles") and other artwork. Shop is on the fringes of a cozy and settled part of town (Clintonville). Friends come and hang out. ARTIST REVIEW--ADAM "ATOMIZER" GRAY: Color work and cover-up. At 23, he recently won his first national award for cover-up work. Eric (apprentice): Accomplished local painter, will probably be most into doing custom. CHRONIC TATTOOAGE, 104 Cleveland St, Elyria, OH 44035, (216) 323-9656 Rate:m $80.00/hour, cash only. Reviewed 12/95 by Monica Jones <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: In a nice, safe neighborhood with parking behind the shop. Entire staff is friendly and knowledgable, I felt very comfortable walking in the first time. Tony works in a private cubicle with a door for privacy, and holds himself and all his staff to a very high standard of sanitation and professionalism. ARTIST REVIEW--TONY DERIGO (owner): Tattooing professionally 3 years. Experienced in various types of art (airbrush, acrylics, oils); much of work he does are his original drawings. Have never felt as comfortable with an artist as I do with Tony; has a knack for putting you totally at ease. Actually fell asleep during my first sitting on my back piece. TATTOOS BY WOODY, TOLEDO TATTOO, 2068 Airport Hwy, Toledo, 43609 419/382 8805. Reviewer: Jean-Luc Reutter <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Needles autoclaved but I don't know about new ink for every customer. Good custom designs, by appointment only, very reasonable prices. Refuses to do swastika sh*t. Clean & friendly atmosphere. VIKING STUDIOS, 1988 N High St, Columbus, 43210 614/294-1505 Cash and checks. Reviewer: Jennifer Engel (Jen Angel) <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: The shop is in the campus area and has a very professional, yet unintimidating atmosphere that's probably due to the very easy- going styles of Lars and Iggy (who works the front), both in their 20s. The studio has no flash; is comfortable, easily accessible. The actual studio where the work takes place is very clean and private. ARTIST REVIEW--LARS JOHANSSON: Lars did some piercings on me, but I have witnessed his work in progress and after completion. He does some really amazing artwork and I respect him first as an artist and then as a tattooer. I could not be more impressed with his attitude toward tattooing and toward life in general. I feel the prices are very fair and lower than other shops i have been in. WISCONSIN: Statute @ 948-70 (1991-1992) prohibits tattoo artists from tattooing "children" (age not specified--assume 18). Violators are guilty of a Class D forfeiture. Otherwise unregulated. Sheboygan ========= T.O.C. TATTOOZ, 2525 N. 15th St., Sheboygan, WI 53081. 414-451-1109 Cost: $50/hour $30 minimum, cash. Reviewer: Michelle Owen <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Quiet neighborhood, 4' high partition between waiting area and tattooing area, autoclave, disposable needles and gloves, relaxed atmosphere, smoking allowed, soda available. ARTIST REVIEW--SCOTTY K.: Easy going, relaxed, helpful and suggestive with design creation, superior use of shading, does work at a comfortable pace, talkative and friendly. U.S. SOUTHEAST --==*-< >-*==-- ARKANSAS: State Annotated @ 5-27-228 (1993) allows the tattooing of minors with the written consent of the minor's parent, legal guardian or legal custodian. DOC WALKER'S, Highway 71 S., West Fork, Arkansas 72774, (501) 839-8287 Reviewed by BrYan Westbrook <email@example.com> 8/96:A Sanitation: by the book for Arkansas which is very stricy. Environment: good, privacy: excellent, neighborhood: rural, secluded. ARTIST REVIEW--SAMMI WALKER: Apprenticed with her husband, "Poco", who founded the shop. was able to put me at ease with my first tattoo experience. background in fine arts. --==*-< >-*==-- FLORIDA ANCIENT ART, (407) 855-TATU Lance Bailey <firstname.lastname@example.org> says he was happy w/ Mike. TATTOO PARADISE, Lake Worth. Reviewer: Sean Walsh <email@example.com> says this is an excellent shop. Very clean, professional. Visiting artists on a regular basis. Custom work: $100/hour, but are worth it. Artists: Louie Lombi (owner) Ed Lombi (Louie's brother). --==*-< >-*==-- GEORGIA: Official Code of Georgia Annotated @ 16-5-71 (1993) states that it is illegal to tattoo a person under the age of 16. Violators are guilty of a misdemeanor. Also, OCGA @ 16-12-5 states that it is illegal to tattoo within one inch of an eye socket. Otherwise unregulated. BLACK CAT TATTOO, 5047 Suite B Memorial Dr. Stone Mountain, GA 30083. 404/292-8192. Reviewer: Rick Thompson <GIGER5@aol.com> Open 7 days/wk. Walk-ins welcome on weekends. Ave. $100/hr, depending on type of work. Cash only SHOP REVIEW: Very clean,they use autoclave and new needles.Each artist has their own booth to work in. All of the artists are very friendly and helpful. ARTIST REVIEW--ALBEE (owner): I have had 6 pieces done by Albee, 2 of which are large cover ups. One is a right upper arm oriental-style sleeve, one a left full calf custom, one a left forearm dragon & wizard piece,one a left shoulder snake and rose cover,one a left upper arm eagle cover. SHANE MORTON: I have only had one piece done by Shane but I am getting ready to start another one.The one I have is a right calf black & grey custom piece incorporating biomechanical, macabre, Shane Morton,I have only had one piece done by Shane but I am getting ready to start another one.The one I have is a right calf black & grey custom piece incorporating biomechanical, macabre, and portrait. Other artists: Mac, Tommy, Lesley SACRED HEART TATTOO, INC. 483 Moreland Ave. (Ste 5, Hartz Bldg, Little Five Points), Atlanta, GA 30307. 404/222-8385 M-Sa: Noon- Midnight; S: Noon-10p. Minimum $40 (officially, not by the hour; but from my experience I'd guess $100/hr) Cash or Visa/MC (no checks) Reviewer: Paul Tod Rieger <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Recommended to me by several RABbits. Very clean; well- ordered. There's a side room if you want privacy. The neighborhood is friendly and safe; the National Tattoo Association voted it the Best Tattoo Studio 1995. ARTIST REVIEW--TONY OLIVAS (owner): Black & grey. Work featured in Tattoo (1/95), Tattoo Ink (3/94). I especially liked a blue color that was in his portfolio. He was interested in my idea and took the time to help me articulate it. Professional chairside manner Gave me a list of care guidelines and discussed them with me. Subtle Strokes Tattoo Studio, 4145 Houston Avenue, Macon Ph: 912-785-1888 Reviewed 2/98 by Allison Altman <email@example.com> Shop Review: Subtle Strokes is one of the cleanest tattoo studios I've ever been in. There is plenty of privacy where the actual work is done. It has a large waiting area and tons of flash!There are two artists: John & Lil' Rat. Artist Review--Lil' Rat: Lil' Rat is very professional when he's working. He has a good chairside manner. He has been tattooing since 1981, and he first worked for Sailor (Bill Kingsworth.) --==*-< >-*==-- KENTUCKY: Tatoo Charlie's, 470 New Circle Rd., N.E., Lexington Ph: 606-254-2174 Reviewer: Kathy Cornelison <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: Tattoo Charlie's is the cleanest in Lexington. They have two chairs in the open so patrons can watch tattoo's being performed. They also have a curtained off section for those who wish to be more discreet. The shop is located off of a major road, very easy to find. Artist Review--Mike Haney: He has been featured in several tattoo magazines for his work and his tattoos. Very professional, explains the process in detail before starting. I would highly recommend him to anyone interested. --==*-< >-*==-- LOUISIANA: Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:93.2 (1992) states that tattooing minors under 18 is legal only with the consent of a parent. Violators are fined $100 to $500. Otherwise unregulated. New Orleans =========== ELECTRIC EXPRESSIONS, 2327 Veterans Blvd. Ste B, Kenner, LA 70062. (504) 464-0053. Appointments preferred. $100/hr. Cash only Reviewer: Douglas Pugh <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Shop was very clean and well lit. Sanitary. Autoclaves. New needles. 3 artists working when I was there. Some groupies hanging around, but nothing too bad. Friendly to inexperienced people like myself. Very non-intimidating. Curtains available for privacy. Artist review #1 by Douglas--English Craig: I can only provide my impressions as a person getting their first tattoo. Very nice, willing to work with you if inexperienced. Explained everything he was doing. Took his time. He has done work on myself and 4 of my friends, all small, original pieces, and everyone was satisfied. Artist review #2 by Lani Teshima-Miller <firstname.lastname@example.org> FAQ Maintainer Henri: Considered one of the better artists in N'Awlins area, personally recommended by Elayne Binnie (Rings of Desire below). We visited this shop looking to get some work done, was told Henri lived next door to the shop. We never got any work because Henri, knowing we were there, made us wait for over an hour while he "took a shower" (according to his apprentice). I looked at his flash--the work was good--however I personally am not willing to patronize businesses that think they can keep potential customers waiting in the lobby (he could've easily let his apprentice tell us to come back in 2 hours). Reviewed 3/97 by Cynthia Higginbotham <email@example.com>: SHOP REVIEW: Upstairs in small commercial building behind strip mall on Metairie thoroughfare. Clean, well-lit; lots of flash in front, portfolios on table. Work done in open area behind counter, s creened area/separate room available. Clean bathroom in back of shop. Artists wear gloves, have autoclave, stuff taken out of autoclave packages when ready to use. ARTIST REVIEW--MIKE VOLENTINE: Soft-spoken, polite, likes doing large custom pieces of fantasy art. Patient in working thru numerous revisions. Excellent artist. Technically adept and skilled in color/shading. Thoroughly reviewed aftercare instructions, gave me a copy. Very concerned that I follow thru with aftercare for proper healing. RINGS OF DESIRE, 1128 Decatur St. 2nd fl, New Orleans, LA 70116 Above "Boomerang" (leather shop), 504/524-6147. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Reviewer: Lani Teshima-Miller <email@example.com> FAQ maintainer This is a body piercing shop--tattoos are *NOT* done here. However the shop owner, Elayne "Angel" Binnie, is the subject of a poster that shows a tattoo of wings on her back--she also has her entire legs covered with multi-hued fish scales, done by Juli Moon, that is a true marvel to behold. If you're down in the French Quarter, visit her shop just to say "Hi!", gawk at her tattoos and marvel at a true role model in our bodyart world. She's off Mondays & Tuesdays. (Afterwards, go get either a muffelata at nearby Central Grocery, or a "debris sandwich" at Mother's and have cafe au lait & beignets at Cafe du Monde.) --==*-< >-*==-- MISSISSIPPI BUZZARD & SONS TATTOO, 103 Gardner Blvd. Columbus, MS Ph: 601/327-2901 Licensed by Mississippi State Board of Health. Another shop at 738 McFarland Blvd; another opening in Montgomery, AL. $150/hour for Buzzy Cash. Reviewed 6/96 by: Cynthia Higginbotham <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: In commercial area lined with small businesses. A bit grubby looking; good sanitation on closer inspection: uses autoclave, sterile needles kept in sealed packages until use, etc. Usual waiting area with displayed flash, front desk. Restroom off waiting area. Private room in back for tattooing & piercing. ARTIST REVIEW--BASS: Apprenticed with his father, Buzzard. Tattooing for about seven years. Friendly, lots of pierces and tattoos, fun to chat with. He and my brother-in-law were trading sea stories all through the tattooing (they're both ex-Navy guys who toured the same area). Buzzy: Fine line work Chris: New Age designs Buzzard --==*-< >-*==-- NORTH CAROLINA--Tattooing laws: Unregulated. Carrboro ======== CHOICE PEACH TATTOO, 304-E . Weaver St Carrboro, NC 27516. 919/932-9888 is excellent. 100% original work, NO flash. By appointment only. Reviewed 8/93 by Scott Jacobs <email@example.com> Nothing but positive recommendations on the ability of the two artists. They do *only* custom work, no flash. Tom and the other artist have extensive photo albums of their work, and clippings from publications featuring their work. Shop is small, very friendly. On-site autoclave. My blackwork tribal piece from Tom has some of the sharpest edges I've ever seen. Rates are reasonable, especially considering the amount of consultations and drawings he did. Not limited to one style. --==*-< >-*==-- OKLAHOMA: * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * Oklahoma 21 OKI. St. @ 841 (1992) BANS all tattooing across the state. --==*-< >-*==-- SOUTH CAROLINA: * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * South Carolina Code Annotated @ 16-17-700 (1991) BANS tattooing across the state, and violation of this is a misdemeanor. --==*-< >-*==-- TENNESSEE Memphis ======= BEALE ST TATTOO, 333 Beale St, Memphis, TN 38103, 901-527-5436 Rate: $100 (min. $40), cash. Reviewed 12/95 by Bob German <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: No privacy. Relatively clean. I watched him unwrap brand new needles. Neighborhood? Well, it's Beale Street, and you have to have been there to understand. It's the home of the Blues. ARTIST REVIEW--JAMES FAUST: A little rough, but usually I'm OK with that. POW/MIA stickers on tool cabinet, and an "Impeach Clinton - and her draft-dodging husband, too!" sticker. Spent entire time talking about being in the pen, putting his girlfriend in the pen, and dealing drugs. Tattoo looked fine when he was done, but a week later the scabs came off & was splotchy and uneven. --==*-< >-*==-- TEXAS Austin ====== ATOMIC TATTOO. 5533 Burnet Rd., Austin, TX 512/458-9693 Rate: $80-100/hr. Cash only. Reviewed '95 by Robb McCauley <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Shop is clean and well it. Usual flash on walls. A wall separates the work cubes from the "front" of the shop and each cubicle is separated from each other, with miniblinds for privacy. The piercing room is separated from the rest of the shop, and has a door. The autoclave is in the back, but visible. ARTIST REVIEW--LARRY EDWARDS: Larry actually inked me, and has been tattooing for 19 yrs. He was very helpful in finalising the work. His chairside manner is good. He won Best Female Backpiece at the 2nd Texas Tattoo Shootout this year. MIKE BELZEL: Did the intial drawing for my tat. His artwork is great. Dallas ====== TATTOOS BY GARY. 807-C W Moore, Terrell, TX 75160 214/563-0312 No set rate. Price set on image and work involved. Cash only, competetive/negotiable. Reviewer: Joy Ellen McManus <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Dallas, in semi-rural Terrell. The shop takes on a psuedo gawdy chic theme, full of couches and multiple artwork portfolio's. All required equipment is sterilized thru autoclave and dry heat methods. Lots of custom flash... ARTIST REVIEW--GARY JACKSON: Fine detail work/Cover-up work. Tattooing 15+ years. Placed 2nd at 1989 Natl's convention for a full back piece. A Texan through & through--will talk your ear off or work quietly--very intuitive about customer's emotional state when tattooing. Very rarely uses stencils, preferring to hand render images on skin before tattooing. Texarkana ========= DERMOGRAPHICS, 1414 New Boston Rd, Texarkana, TX, (903) 793-2276. All prices are by piece but relatively cheap; cash only. Reviewed 9/96 by BrYan Westbrook <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Neighborhood is one of the less desireable in Texarkana, privacy is non-existent as people off the street can walk over to the work area and look in at any time, she told me that part of the reason her shop is in the Texas side of town is that the regulations are more lax than in Arkansas. ARTIST REVIEW--SANDY AZANCOT: Most work is freehand, roughed out on the body itself. The tattoo I received is not of the same proportions as the original picture from which she was working. she spent a great deal of the time chatting with friends while working on my tattoo. U.S. EAST COAST --==*-< >-*==-- CONNECTICUT: Connecticut General Statutes 53-41 (1991) makes it illegal to tattoo minors under the age of 18 without parental consent. Otherwise unregulated. --==*-< >-*==-- MARYLAND: Tattooing laws: unregulated. ARTISTIC CREATIONS, 2785F Ocean Gateway (US Rte 50 W) Salisbury, MD 21801 (410) 860-1999. Rate: $65/hr (varies); cash, credit cards (no checks). Reviewed 9/96 by Katie Bevard <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Incredibly well kept. No Smoking. Work done in separate room (1 private, 2 semi-private). Busy on weekends from beach traffic, but very willing to discuss when time allows. Bruce's private work area is very relaxing and comfortable, with separate stereo system and a ton of CDs and great books to help ease anxiety. ARTIST REVIEW--BRUCE GULICK: Very honest about what would/would not make good tattoos due to size, detail, etc. 1.5 hours spent discussing/ drawing designs. Very quiet & thorough when working, taking his time. Well worth it! Very patient and professional; made the entire "first tatoo" experience a very memorable one! DRAGON MOON TATTOO STUDIO, 208 N Crain Hwy, Glen Burnie, 21061; 410 768 6471. Rates: $100/hr. Cash or credit card, deposit required for custom work. Reviewed by Shayna Steinger <SSteinger@osfms1.hq.nasa.gov> SHOP REVIEW: A very pleasant place to get inked. Hyper-conscious about safety and hygiene. All needles are autoclaved and all ink wells are disposable. Tattoos are administered in a seperate room from the reception area and in private divided rooms. ARTIST REVIEW--MICK BEASLEY: Specializes in fine line. President of the Alliance of Professional Tattooists and famous for her work. You have her undivided attention and time the moment she begins. Insists time is not an issue, will discuss designs in detail. We had a great rapport and I felt confident about her work because her talent was so obvious and she was so concerned that I be happy with the final product. Reviewed 1/97 by Deborah Fleming <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Pleasant environment, workspace separate from waiting area. Very good sanitation: my only complaint in fact was that the friend I brought for moral support was not allowed back in the work area for sanitary reasons (only artists and clients). Therefore very private as well--workspace partitioned. ARTIST REVIEW--CHRIS/PEE WEE: Friendly, offered good advice, willing to let me chatter. Did beautiful job on knotwork, good shading. Let me look at the progress (tat on my back, so involved stopping and giving me mirror. Very encouraging when he found out this was first tattoo. Don't remember his training, but he works for Mick Beasley, so I assume it was pretty good. GREAT SOUTHERN TATTOO CO., 9403 Baltimore Blvd. (Rt 1), College Park, MD 20740. 301/474-8820. Right off the Washington Beltway (495), right up the street from the Univ. of Maryland College Park Campus. Reviewer: Kristen Herzog <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Operated by a family (Charley, Sandy, and Dee Parsons); very relaxed atmosphere. Also done some of the best work I've seen in the area. Artist review #2 by Stan Schwarz <email@example.com>: I had some work done by Dee at the Houston convention (Summer '94). I found her to be very pleasant to work with, and she did a nice job. Artist/Shop review #3 by Andy Dwyer <firstname.lastname@example.org>: Charley estimated one price, & upped it halfway through. I'd only gotten from the cash machine what he quoted, and didn't intend to pay more than the original quote, so the work stopped unfinished. I suppose it might have been my fault for not getting pissed about it then. In talking to people about their experiences, they seem to divide along gender lines. Those who were happy w/ the work were women, while those unhappy were men. I've heard more than one of them give the impression that the difference in service might be attributed to being the only close option in a college town, and not needing to do a high quality job for the typical frat guy client." SOUTHERN MARYLAND TATTOO. 4433 Crain Hwy, White Plains. Ph: 301/645-0306 Reviewer: Kris Hakes <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: I opened the door and walked into a smoky haze that began to bother my contacts w/in seconds. There were several people sitting and talking at the desk, and I couldn't tell who worked there. I felt that 2 of the guys were commenting about my appearance (I was wearing my business clothes and none of my tattoos were visible). I gave one of them my rough drawing (a set of straight lines). He went to talk to the tattooist, who was working on a customer. The guy returned and told me the tattooist didn't want to do a design that reflected poorly on him as an artist. I can understand that, but the guy was very short with me and not very helpful. [Note: I didn't speak directly to the tattooist.] *RIGHT OF REPLY* 2/96 by Jason Auth <firstname.lastname@example.org>, owner/operator of SOUTHERN MARYLAND TATTOOS: SMOKING: Some may not like it, but it is not unsanitary, and seems to make my (smoking) customers feel more comfortable (we spared no expense in a ventilation system). RESPECT: EVERY person gets treated with respect in my studio. Being tattooed, I know what it's like to be pre-judged. I'd never allow that to happen in my establishment. I'd quietly remove from my shop any worker (or friend) who made any bad comments to my customers. DESIGNS: I'd rather have a customer upset over not getting a tattoo, than get a piece from me that looks like crap. In this case, I believe the reviewer took offense when I suggested cleaning up the crudely drawn design. --==*-< >-*==-- MASSACHUSETTS: * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * BANNED * Tattooing is illegal. Violators are fined with up to $300 and one year in jail. --==*-< >-*==-- NEW HAMPSHIRE: Tattooing of minors is illegal (considered "endangering the welfare of a child"). Otherwise unregulated. THE TATTOO SHOP, 109 Daniel St, Portsmouth 03801, 603/436-0805. Reviewer: Fred Jewell <email@example.com> Artists: Hobo, Tattoo George Prices start at $40; ave $100. In business since '76; clean, use sterile instruments 7 do good solid work. SIGN OF THE WOLF, Wiers Beach NH, (603)366-2557 Reviewer: Fred Jewell <firstname.lastname@example.org> Artists: Dave Sr., Dave Jr., several apprentices. Friendly, laid back, would make you feel comfortable if anxious. So clean you can eat off the floor. Dave Jr. has won a few awards. Range: $100 to $350; average $260 for a fairly large piece. Specialize in wildlife & American Indian art. JULI MOON DESIGNS INC., Route 1, PO Box 1403, Seabrook 03874 603/474-2250; fax 603/474-7393. By appt only. Stevie: ~$100/hr. Julie: $200/hr. Cash & check only, no plastic. $50 deposit required for first- time clients. Free consultation. Reviewer: Henry Knight <HKnight@banyan.com> SHOP REVIEW: All work is custom and by appointment only. This is a very, very, clean and professional shop. Note: The studio is no longer next to Jim's Tattoo. They have moved across the street to a new gorgeous and much larger place. ARTIST REVIEW #1 BY HENRY--JULI MOON: Well known in the industry and published all over the place, this very classy lady lives up to her reputation, and is more than worth the wait (up to 9 months these days). Pick up any magazine to see her work for yourself if you don'tbelieve me. Truly amazing stuff. STEVIE MOON: Makes me believe there's something to that genetics stuff after all. A very personable and nice guy, this young tattooist's reputation is growing--people are going to hear a lot about him very soon. Color is definitely his strongest point. My back piece looks as if it was airbrushed. Has a waiting list, but is much shorter than Juli's. Does all of my work and I wouldn't think of going elsewhere. Artist review #2 by Fred Jewell <email@example.com>: "What can you say about Juli Moon except, "When?" She is booked a month in advance, and is truly award winning." BROTHERS TOO, South Broadway, Salem NH, Exit 1 Off Rt. 93. Licensed & Board of Health Approved. Reviewer: Fred Jewell <firstname.lastname@example.org> Tattoo Frank scared me. Asked if he'd been vaccinated for Hep A & B he said, "I only got hepatitis once and that was from a customer." His brother, "Bennies Tattoos" is just down the street and seems to have the same kind of attitude. BILL'S TATTOO PALACE, Broadway , Derry NH, 603/437-8813 Reviewer: Fred Jewell <email@example.com> Nice guy, but I set up an appointment & he didn't show! I called back, and got someone who thought he was doing me a favor by talking to me. Some of the work is really good but there seems to be a lot of new people in the shop trying out the profession. Scorpion Tattooing, Hillside Plaza RT28, Derry Ph: 603-434-4798 http://members.aol.com/mhesse4875/index.html Reviewed 2/98 by Maria Van Amburgh <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: Very clean shop. I felt like i was in a doctor's office..everything was pure white. No smoking in the shop. No food. Had plenty of flash and showed custom work from portfolio. Total privacy on getting tattooed. Complete sterile conditions. Located in mini mall. Plenty of parking, handicapped accessible. Artist Review--Mark Hesse (owner): Mark Hesse was a really nice man. Very easy to talked to, and listened to what i had to say. Explained everything very professionally. He took his time doing the tattoo, even though there was a waiting line, I will not go anywhere else for my tattoo. --==*-< >-*==-- NEW JERSEY: Tattooing laws: Unregulated. LAST RITES TATTOO 201/402-2380. "Dark Images by Paul Booth" You may be familiar with Paul Booth's black & grey work depicting gory images of sacriligious objects. Although he'sonly been in the business a few years, he seems to have exploded in infamy for his striking images, aided in part bythe incredible work he's done on his rather photogenic girlfriend, Barbara Valverde. The following recommendation by Reviewer: Deborah Lynn De Graw <email@example.com>: I have many tattoos by Paul Booth that I dearly love. I realize his reputation of gruesome work may put off some people. While he usually won't do colorwork, he's always been very willing and flexible for me because he says it shows people he can do it. I was more than pleased with my back piece, which has kept its color very well. He's sensitive to my need for balance (symmetry) without my having to say so. He an intelligent, superb artist who can take anything I give him and turn it into the most beautiful piece of art. I feel extrememly lucky to have found him before he became so popular. He's honest and always careful about keeping everything sterile and safe! --==*-< >-*==-- NEW YORK: Tattooing laws: Unregulated AMERICAN SKIN ART, 472 Oliver St, Tonawanda NY 14120 716-694-9185 Reviewed 8/95 by Leslie Fontanna <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean, environment was very friendly and cheerful. The neighborhood is pretty good. I have no complaints. ARTIST REVIEW--ED WALKER: Used to work at Paul Massaro's shop, but left to pursue own business. Very good w/ customers, very concerned about getting them exactly what they want. Great chairside manner, honest, and his work is excellent. BIZZARO TATTOO--TATTOOS BY PAUL MASSARO, 1126 Hertal Ave, Buffalo 716-876-6200. Rate/hour: Approx $150.00 Reviewed 8/15/95 by Leslie Fontanna <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Nice-looking place however, there are dogs running around inside and around people who are getting tattooed. ARTIST REVIEW--PAUL MASSARO: After making my appointment months in advance, I ended up getting no work from him. At the studio, he would not allow my boyfriend to stay with me. His initial drawing on my back was too large (and the price quote went from the initial $150, to two sessions of $150 each). When I asked to have it redrawn, he wiped the drawing off and asked me to leave. We later went back to request a refund on our deposit; however Paul would not speak to us. Fortunately, we got our refund and an apology from his apprentice, Carl. Updated 3/98 by Mike Cascio <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: The shop was rather quiet and clean. Dogs are visible through a screen door (the entrance to their house) quite far back out of the way. They are *not* allowed in the shop. There's a chair up front in full view of everyone, but my work was done in a small secluded alcove with no room for observers. Artist Review--Paul Massaro: Paul worked carefully and safely, gently putting to rest any concerns or nervousness I expressed (since this was my first tat). He seems to prefer to work silently rather than talking, which was fine by me. If I remember correctly, the work I had done took about 1 1/2 to 2 hours. BRUCE BART TATTOOING, Main Street, Tannersville, NY 12485. (518) 589-5069. Second shop at: 274 Lark St., Albany, NY 12210 (518) 432-1905. Hours: M-F Noon-8pm, S/Su 11am-6pm. Cost: $120/hr. $5 disposable (& autoclaved) needles, new ink for each customer. Reviewer: Kirsten Herzog <email@example.com> Artists: Bruce Bart and Bruce Kaplan Specializes in Japanese, modern primitive, colorwork, Celtic. Prefers appts, but will take walk-ins if not busy. Lark St. shop looked like a dentist's office. Very friendly, totally receptive. Impressed by the ready art & sketches in the waiting room. Seemed very professional. PAT'S TATS, 102 Mill Hill Rd, Woodstock, 12498. 914/679-4429. Pat Sinatra: firstname.lastname@example.org (not sure if this is current). Pat is the owner--she is also VP of the Alliance of National Tattooists, whose primary concern is informationdissemination on disease transmission and sterilization. Note: Pat only checks her email on Fridays. THUNDER ROSE TATTOO, INC, 96 W. Main St (route 25) Smithtown, NY, (516) 361-5300. Cash, major credit cards. Reviewed 7/96 by Chasity Stewart <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean and sterile. Artists opened fresh needles and poured fresh ink right in front of us. Very open and airy - made me feel very comfortable. No smoking/pets/other nasties I have heard about in RAB. Lots of flash and tribal pieces on the walls to look at while you are waiting. ARTIST REVIEW--JIMMY (owner): Personable, keeps you informed and makes conversation while working. Explained sterilization/safety procedures PRIOR to work. On several occasions during my four-hour stint he consulted other potential clients. Very willing to work with clients, open to suggestions. A very good custom/free-lance artist as well. New View Tattoo, Rt.9W, Highland Ph: 914-691-8282 http://www.bodyartist.com Reviewed 4/98 by Paul Fitzgibbons <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: The shop is clean and orderly. It was being scrubbed down as I arrived. The environnment is is made comfortable and easy. There is a couch, TV and coffee as desired. Good privicy. The neighborhood is on a main highway but a little secluded, away from any downtown area. Artist Review--Tom: Tom did a fantastic job on my tattoo. Not only did he design a product that came out spectacularly, but his profesional manner made the process that much easier. He is, I believe, a former accountant turned tattoo artist who loves his work and it shows. As this was my first tattoo, he kept me well informed thoughout the enitre process. What also helped is that he is close to my age. I cannot say enough praises for him and would whole heartly recommend him. I will use him again. --==*-< >-*==-- PENNSYLVANIA: 18 Pennsylvania C. S. @ 6311 makes it illegal to tattoo minors under 18 without parental consent. Violations are considered a third degree misdemeanor. Otherwise unregulated. Easton ====== PLEASURE AND PAIN TATTOO & BODY PIERCING, Main Street in Easton. 610/252-7316. (About 2 hours north of Philadlephia) Hours: 3:00pm to Midnite, closed Mondays. Cash only; all nondisposables autoclaved, rest trashed. Rates: Smaller pieces $30-$50; Larger pieces $60/hr starting (the larger the piece, the lower per hour cost). Reviewer: Sean Maguire <email@example.com> Standard flash available. The owner (Tom Waltymeyer) works out of the shop with 2 other artists. Philadelphia ============ BODYGRAPHICS, 627 S. 4th St. (btwn South & Bainbridge) Philadelphia, PA 19147. 215/923-5834 Rate: Varies with artist. Cash only Reviewed 10/95 by Joshua Burgin <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Immaculately clean, well-lit and sharp looking. Nice large bathroom for customers. Two chairs for tattooing areas, behind a counter that separates the work area. Private area walled off from main room available for privacy. In a pleasant, if busy neighborhood, right off of South Street. ARTIST REVIEW--BILL FUNK: Custom work, tribal. Tattooing for 16 yrs. Comes from large tattoo family (father is Philadelphia Eddie). Amazing degree of imagination, perception. Real visual accuity when fleshing out vague designs. Pleasant to talk to, has a good sense of humor while remaining professional throughout the process. 100% recommended!! PHILDELPHIA EDDIE'S TATTOO, 605 S. 4th St., Philadelphia, PA. 215/851-9122. Rate: $150/hr. Cash only Reviewed 3/95 by Aaron Pawlyk <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Excellent shop, one of the cleanest on South St. Proper sterilization equipment and set-up. Very hygenic. Smoking IS allowed (yeah!). Several artists and storefronts available and piercing on the premises. Best display of flash on the walls I've seen in the city. Some semi-private and private booths with curtains available. ARTIST REVIEW--JERSEY JOE: Highly recommended. Does very good black-work, which comes out very black. Excellent in all regards: Very good with customers, professional and has a good sense of humour. Tattooing 30+ yrs. Makes one feel at ease and was willing to do a design a few other artists said would be very difficult to do. Pittsburgh ========== BODY WORKS TATTOO STUDIO, 106 Nelbon Ave. Pittsburgh, PA 412/731-3462; 412/468-8287. Cost: $100/hr. $40/min Reviewer: Jack Briggs <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Totally clean, no drinking or drugs on the premises. Smoking outside only. Hospital sterilization, sanitation is an imperative part of the job for all artists there. Mention this review in the Tattoo FAQ when you visit the shop. ARTIST REVIEW--JON TOROK: Very personable artist who makes the customer feel very at ease. First-timers are always comforted and never rushed. Always takes time to perfect the piece before he tattoos. Your satisfaction is his, too. I can't recommend him highly enough. State College ============= ART OF THE AGES,103 S. Pugh St., State College PA 16801, 814-231-3930 Cost: $100/hour, cash/credit. Reviewed 1/97 by Audrey Lynne Smith <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Very clean, inspected and licensed by the Health Dept. Phil opens the autoclaved sterile needles in front of you. Rooms very private, and he is very professional about tattooing or piercing "under the clothes" areas. The shop is in downtown State College--I consider it to be always safe to walk around here alone, even at night. ARTIST REVIEW--PHIL: Former glass etcher, had alot of practice doing fine detail with a steady hand. Usually cheerful, friendly, willing to answer questions, tends to underestimate the time it will take to do your piece--since you pay beforehand, this means you get charged less than it should have cost you. --==*-< >-*==-- RHODE ISLAND ELECTRIC INK TATTOO, 153 Waterman Ave, E. Providence, RI 401-435-3393. From: Jesse Leigh Parent <jesster@WPI.EDU> Needles autoclaved (required by RI law). New needles/ink for every customer. Cash, VISA and MC; walk-ins welcome. ARTIST REVIEW--CHRIS BORGE <firstname.lastname@example.org>: All-around great tattoo artist. Specializes in tribal; probably the best in the shop. SKOTT GREENE: Great for custom to a greater extent. Doing them since Dec '92, already very adept; the one to see about great custom designs. (Trained as an airbrush artist) JOHN MONEZ: no longer permanent artist as of 9/94 but still comes in occasionally as fill in. DEAN II: Formerly of Artistic Tattoo of Providence, RI Note: Don L. no longer works out of Electric Ink as of 11/93. --==*-< >-*==-- VERMONT: Body Art Tattoo and Piercing Studio, 178 Main St., Burlington Ph: 802-863-7870 Reviewed 2/98 by Aron Chamberland <email@example.com> Shop Review: Very clean and sanitary, great tribal artwork and all around relaxing atmoshere. Artist have their own private rooms. All artists make you feel very comfortable they're also willing to work with to design your own custom work. Artist Review--Shamus: Shamus was my artist. He was so great on my first tattoo, it was my main reason for coming back to him. He's been Tattooing for over 20 years. He tells you exactly what he's going to do and when it's happening he is very soothing if he feels you are nervous. Shamus is very generous and has a couple artist interning right now. --==*-< >-*==-- VIRGINIA: Body Art Tattoos, 8 Chalmers Ct, Berryville Ph: 540-955-0111 Reviewed 1/98 by David Meeks <firstname.lastname@example.org> Shop Review: Friendly environment, autoclave sterilization, privacy if you want it, and a nice neighborhood. Artist Review--Tom Painter: He is very friendly and clean he gets too know all of his clients. He will work with you so you get what you came for. Member of the APT, and he's been tattooing for i think 17 years. --==*-< >-*==-- WEST VIRGINIA: Thinkin Ink Studio of Tattoo, 508 Race Street, Fairmont Ph: 304-366-1279 Reviewed 2/98 by Jason Cooper <email@example.com> Shop Review: Shop is well-lighted, clean, and a no-smoking environment. If you or the tattoo you're getting requires privacy, the artist's areas can accomodate that need. No wall flash - all art is in books or laminated pages. Room for 5 people to browse at one time. Artist Review--Dan: Dan is a well-mannered and talented artist. He is currently working on a Physics degree (part-time). He has worked at Thinkin Ink for four years under the guidance of Youngen. His chairside manners are excellent with good conversation. He is also willing to discuss designs and custom peices which he prefers over flash. CANADA --==*-< >-*==-- BRITISH COLUMBIA UNIVERSAL TATTOO, 613 Johnson St., Victoria, BC. Ph: 604-995-0313 C$100/ hour with free touch-ups if needed. Cash only Reviewed 4/96 by: Zack McDonald <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Lobby floor newly renovated! Shop looks like a skater shop by the flash and decor. Work cubicles are private if you desire. There is an autoclave for each artist, and are well used. New needles, ink, & gloves, with a fresh pair of gloves when anything unclean is handled. The artists tattoo areas are never less than spotless. ARTIST REVIEW--JEFF SLAUENWHITE: Specializes in black & grey work. A fairly new tattooist, 3 years professionally. Apprenticed with Geof Briggs. Sense of humor and professional attitude blend together beautifully at chairside. Everything I have by him is custom, and they turned out great. I even brought my mother to him for a birthday tattoo. I'd recommend him to anyone. --==*-< >-*==-- ONTARIO BLUE DRAGON TATTOO, 253 Wellington, London, 519-434-4706 Reviewer: Lance "Lydia Awards" Bailey <email@example.com> Busiest shop in town, does a lot of flash work. Found them either pretty grumpy/opinionated or at times friendly. NIGHTHAWK TATTOO AND GALLERY, 82 Norfolk St. Guelph, Ontario Canada N1H 4J2; ph. 519/767-0801. Payment with cash only. Sanitary; work area curtained off. Reviewer: Johanna Botari <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Pleasant environment, nice lounge, lots of cushions-- Welcoming to the curious and the enthusiast. Actual art gallery for local artists. Info on local arts scene, health authorityinfo on safe sex (free condoms!)/drugs/crisis services distributed by shop. Customer oriented, regardless of customer. ARTIST REVIEW--LAURIE STEWART: Specializes in wildlife/nature. 4 years on her own, fine art background. Pleasant and comfortable manner. Patient, spends much time w/ customers working out exactly thedesign(s) they want. Apprenticed ~1yr with another local, whosestudio she left due to lack of sanitation and manners, and willnot discuss beyond that. Note of interest: No art on herself. REAL TATTOOS BY ZAP, 1043 Second Avenue East (at Rear), Owen Sound Ontario, Canada N4K 2H8 Ph: 519/371-8088 Rate: $120.00 Canadian per hour, cash only URL: http://network.sos.on.ca/~grphedge/business/zap/zap.html Reviewed 6/96 by: Kenneth Thomson <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: In a bright new building with two rooms for privacy. At Zap's request, shop has been checked out by the local Health Board . He wears gloves and use new needles. ARTIST REVIEW--AL "ZAP" ZIMMERMAN: Tribal, oriental, traditional, custom work. Has been in the field for 10 yrs, and has a background in college-level design. Loves a tattooing challenge (e.g. coverup) and will talk about the fine points of tattooing with anyone. Takes pride in his work. Portfolio available for perusal. Especially likes custom work. TATTOO ART BY GEORGE LEWIS. 244 King St S, Waterloo, Ont. N2J 1R4 (519) 576-8054. Visa/Mastercard accepted. According to their card: Ultra modern; sterile conditions; modern designs--fine line; cover-up work; custom work; lifetime guarantee. Appts only. Also does pierces. Reviewer: Judy Carr <firstname.lastname@example.org> Artists: George Lewis, Ken Lewis, Todd Evans. Tho' I don't know much about 'good' or 'bad' tattoos, believe mine are very well done! TATTOOS BY GYPSY <does not list address>, 519-453-0822 Reviewer: Lance "Lydia Awards" Bailey <email@example.com> Tony is pretty young & is a design artist. I've created some really nice work w/ him starting w/ my rough sketches. but his work is pretty uneven; can be really good or really bad. TATTOOS UNLIMITED, 847 Dufferrin, 519-672-8025 Reviewer: Lance "Lydia Awards" Bailey <firstname.lastname@example.org> Al Newcombe has been tattooing in London for a looong time. His work is mostly flash, can create stencils from your artwork. His work tends to have a '50s feel--the stuff you see on ex-seamen. --==*-< >-*==-- QUEBEC TATOUAGE ARTISTIQUE, 1962 Ontario E, Montreal, 514/529-TATU. CAN$100 / hr (~US$65). Cash only Reviewed 6/95 by: Mark Reynolds <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Wide selection of flash, but apparently do a lot of custom and cover-up work (they have photos of some very nice work). Often has visiting guest artists. 'Hospital' type sterilization with an autoclave and always single-use needles. They pull the tubes &needle bars from 'claved bags and assemble the machine in front of you. Very clean, and very reassuring. ARTIST REVIEWS--KEITH STEWART (owner): Tattooing 20 yrs, apprenticed at Pt. St. Charles Tattoos for 13+ years before opening own shop in Montreal. Organizer/sponsor of the Montreal Int'l Tattoo Expo for 2 years. Member of NTA, APT ,etc. Reserved but approachable. RANDY STEWART (Keith's son): Tattooing 5+ years, apprenticed with father. Laid back & easy going, but meticulous. While he was working on me I asked him to 'add a bit of this color here, leave this area untouched', etc., he complied without making me feel like a pain. That may be common among tattoo artists, but I'm easily impressed by true professionalism. EUROPE/UK London ====== NEW WAVE TATTOO, 157 Sydney Road, Muswell Hill, London N10 2NL. Tel: 0181-444 8779. Hours: 10:30 to 5:30, works on appointment only, except Saturdays when its first-come first-served. 10 pounds sterling deposit with all appointment bookings. ARTIST REVIEW--Reviewed 11/95 by: Anna Beint <firstname.lastname@example.org> LAL HARDY: I'm absolutely delighted with my tat, a custom job (just took in a picture and told him how I wanted it to look). He sent me the design for approval, also telling me how long it would take and how much it would cost before I had to commit myself to an appointment. Reviewer: Andy Richardson <A.Richardson@cs.ucl.ac.uk> LAL HARDY: Has been tattooing for 17 yrs altogether with 14 yrs at the current studio. He has won many awards (I counted at least 4 from just the last 3 months) and is probably the best known artist in London if not the UK. His walls are covered with certificates from associations from all around the world. He said that he enjoys Celtic work especially, but really just likes working with customers on their own designs and meeting people who come in for whatever reason. A very cool bloke who knows his stuff. MARTIN CLARK: Has been tattooing for 4 years and is a trained graphic artist (also does airbrushing and pencil art). Again, although he does not have any style, he particularly enjoys black and white work and fantasy/gothic stuff (my description). Both prefer to do custom work. I have gotten all my stuff here, as this is the friendliest studio that I have found so far. Lal organises the Dunstable Tat Expo every year, is billed as the friendliest expo in the world. There are no charges for consultation or drawing out of ideas. They do not work on drunks, and do not tattoo hands, necks or faces. They'll do touch ups or repairs on their work for free. I was very impressed with how down to earth they both are. DENNIS COCKEL, Walkers' Court London W1 (a small side street in Soho). Reviewer: Andy Richardson <A.Richardson@cs.ucl.ac.uk> Tattooed myself and a girlfriend about four years ago and we are both very satisfied. MARK AND ANDY, Kensington Market, London W8. Reviewer: Andy Richardson <A.Richardson@cs.ucl.ac.uk> Their designs were drawn by several artists over many years, claim to do award winning custom work & my opinion is they are good. The parlor is on the basement of the market building; doesn't have anyname (as I remember); not listed on yellow pages. SAINT'S PARLOR, Portobello Road, London Reviewer: Andy Richardson <A.Richardson@cs.ucl.ac.uk> Warning: He had some photos of tattoos he had done that at first looked ordinary, but if you look more closely, you can see he has *redrawn* parts of the design on the photo afterwards by pen. At least I wouldn't trust on a tattooist who does that! INTO YOU, 144 St Johns Street, London EC1V 4UA, 071 253 5085 Reviewer: Dan Chalmers <email@example.com>. Dave Stanford <firstname.lastname@example.org> reports that as of 4/97, tattoo artists are Alex Binnie, Curly and Myles. Piercing also available. The studio hours are 12:00 noon to 7:00pm Tuesday to Friday and noon to 6:00pm Saturday. ARTIST REVIEW--ALEX BINNIE (tribal/abstract): Alex may be known to those in the US as he has traveled to various shops here. He does mostly tribal and abstract stuff. Piercer: Cushla Adamson. Reading ======= T.A.T.S., 160 Oxford Road, Reading, Berks, RG1 7PJ, 01734 598616 Rate: ^\50 (aprox), Cash/Cheque (with card) Reviewed 6/96 by David Thompson <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: Clean and friendly, not traditional 'dive'. Easy to get to: Close to town centre and on a main bus route. Inside, there are plenty of designs and photos to get a feel for Ian's work, including award winners "Mad Hatter's Tea Party" and the Gorrilas back piece. Work is done in a seperate room for privacy. ARTIST REVIEW--IAN OF READING: Internationally well-known. Involved in arranging tattoo expos (e.g. Dunstable). Freehand control of line/colour brilliant. Incredible photo-realistic work. Can interpret original designs with flair, discusses ideas thoroughly. If you go, make sure to say you heard of him through the 'net, and David sent you! SCOTLAND -------- TERRY'S TATTOO STUDIO, 23 Ghisholm, Glasgow G1 5HA, UK Tel 0141/552-5740. Reviewer: Andy Richardson <A.Richardson@cs.ucl.ac.uk> Three artists in 1992: Terry, Stuart, & Steven--Quite popular. The ready-made designs were nice & my boyfriend is very satisfied w/ his tattoo. A first-timer can feel comfortable, since it looks like an ordinary shop w/ show window & quite large, light waiting room for customers. EUROPE--POLAND (ACID SHOP) STUDIO TATTOO. ul. Ogrodowa 20, 61-820 Poznan, Poland Phone: 522-851. Hours: 11:00am-9:00pm. Needles sterilized via pressurized steamer (120C) Reviewer: Ulf Nagel <firstname.lastname@example.org> ARTIST REVIEW--SLAWEK SLAVOMIR: Has been tattooing since 1990, when Poland & Russia were introduced to a free market economy. The only other person in Poland who has been tattooing longer (6 years)is in Gdansk. Slawek is yet to refine a specialization. He recently won an award at a German tattoo convention. EUROPE--AUSTRIA TATTOO DEMON, Turnergasse 15, A-1150, Vienna; ph. 0043-1-893 38 06 Payment with cash only. Rate equivalent to $100/hr. Reviewer: Herbert Paulis <email@example.com> SHOP REVIEW: New needles and colors on every customer, otherwise sterile equipment. Artists also use doctor's gloves. There is a private tattoo room and two public tattoo places where artists can be watched during work. Shop is placed in a fair residental district in the middle of Vienna, next to a park. Apart from Berni two permanently employed and frequently several guest artists. ARTIST REVIEW--BERNI LUTHER (Travellin' Berni): Specializes in big pieces, cover-up work. Berni is a terrific artist who does also a tremendous job at designing unique pieces for a customer. His needle work is famous esp. for his shadowing techniques. Appointment is absolutely necessary, commonly several months in advance. Although a great artist, he is sometimes very rude to his customers and misses appointments. Still worth the trouble if you get an appointment! ASIA--JAPAN TATTOOING BY HORI WAKA, Green Haitsu (sic--"Heights") Asakusa 601, 2-19-9, Nishiasakusa, Taitou-ku, Tokyo, 111, Japan. 38-3844-6002 Horiwaka uses both traditional Japanese , as well as the gun. OCEANIA--New Zealand Living Canvas Tattoo Studio, 77c Briggs Rd., Christchurch 64-3-3858969 Reviewed 6/98 by Amy Simmons <firstname.lastname@example.org> SHOP REVIEW: Appeared very sanitary. Autoclave used (+ new needles/ink). No smoking/eating/drinking in the separate room used for tattooing. Complete privacy - ALWAYS, no matter where on your body you are getting the tattoo. Appointments not always necessary, except for genital tattoos where appointments must be made. Does not offer piercings. ARTIST REVIEW--Korrina: Owns the shop and has won quite a few awards. Very friendly, helpful and approachable - answered all my questions in a friendly & professional manner, and was great at helping me to relax before having the tattoo done. I provided the drawing of the design I wanted, and she did it almost exactly as I had drawn it. I was very satisfied with the result. Offers a free follow-up appointment to make sure the tattoo is healing properly. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 5/9--Artist List." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 6/9--Care of new tattoos."
Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 6/9--Care of new tattoos Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:43:22 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part6 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <email@example.com> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on thw World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab> The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 6/9: Care of your new tattoo: General advice from a medical doctor What are some bad things for your new tattoo? Sauna or steamroom Sunlight Preparation-H hemorrhoidal ointment How do I care for my new tattoo? Suggested Method #1: The Minimal Moisturizer Method Suggested Method #2: The Pat-with-Listerine Method Suggested Method #3: The Wait-24-Hours-to-Take-Off-Dressing Method Suggested Method #4: The Coconut-Oil-Itch-Relief Method Suggested Method #5: The Huck Spalding Method Suggested Method #6: The Noxzema Method COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: GENERAL ADVICE FROM A MEDICAL DOCTOR The contributor for this question is Dr. Kai Kristensen <firstname.lastname@example.org>, a pathologist recently retired lab director (after almost 30 years) of an internationally reknown medical center in La Jolla, California. While his professional expertise is not specifically in bodyart, Kai is a bodyart enthusiast: After the session, the best treatment is simply that which one would give a bad sunburn. For the first few hours (or overnight) leave on the protective dressing supplied. After removing that dressing, clean gently with soap and water and apply a thin film of antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin or any of the triple antibiotic ointments available over the counter). That can be repeated during the day for comfort and sticky clothing. The process is repeated the second and third days. After that, keeing the area clean on a daily basis and (if you wish) lightly lubricated with some vaseline to minimize crusting also helps minimize the itch. Plastic surgeons keep wounds clean and moist for least scar formation. Do not go swimming for the first day or two after tattooing. COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS WITH NO BASIS IN REALITY: 1. "Vaseline makes a tattoo faded". The ink is underneath the epidermis and the outer layer of dermis. There's NO WAY that vaseline can get down through the epidermis to draw out any of the ink. 2. "Swimming makes a tattoo faded". For the same reason as the above, pool chlorine does not get to the ink to fade it. Common sense precautions include not swimming in a public pool with a raw sore, such as a new tattoo while oozing or completely raw. After the first 2 days, the surface over the tattoo is impervious and (from personal experience as well as science background) it is OK to swim. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT ARE SOME BAD THINGS FOR MY NEW TATTOO? SAUNA OR STEAMROOM Once it is healed, there is very little that will screw up a tattoo. The one exception is prolonged exposure to sunlight. (the other is scarring, but that is patently obvious). SUNLIGHT Well, unfortunately it is. The newer inks are better at resisting fading but whatever you do, if you spend lots of time in bright sunlight your tats will fade (over a lifetime, not over a week). Best to try and keep them out of bright sunlight. No one wants to become a cave dweller just to keep their tats looking good, so just use some common sense. Think of your tat as an investment--slather on that sunblock so it doesn't turn into a dark blob. Our culture has erroneously labeled the tan as healthy. Did you know that your tan is your skin's way of dealing with the damage caused by the sun? It's like the formation of a scab when you have a cut. You will pay for your years of sun exposure when you are in your 40s and 50s. Leathery, wrinkled, dry skin with freckles and liver spots. Melanoma. Skin cancer. Regular visits to the dermatologist. Like I say, "There's no such thing as a healthy tan!" Take it from a Hawaii local! I've seen my share of melanoma here, and they're not even from surfers or beach bunnies! Some people have gotten angry at me about this, telling me that they have a seasonal disorder that requires them to get some sun. A little bit of sun is okay (and it gives you a dose of Vitamin D). But all you need is a few minutes' worth. Tanning booths are not good for you! They are not regulated by the FDA, and the staff that work at these salons have been known to give out patently false information. Many salon operators will suggest dosages far exceeding industry recommendations, and the FDA would actually prefer that these booths be banned altogether. Do not believe the salon operators who tell you there is NO damage caused by their UV rays. There are indications that tanning booths emit rays that cause the type of damage that only shows up years later, when it is difficult to fault any one operator. Their industry motto is "tan safe." There is no such thing as a SAFE tan, folks. Sorry. Kai says: IT IS TRUE THAT SUNTANNING TO A CONSIDERABLE EXTENT NOT ONLY DAMAGES YOUR SKIN BUT FADES THE TATTOOS. The UV light rays that damage skin can get below the outermost surface of the skin (that's why skin cancers are promoted by excess suntanning). The following is information about suncare and sunblock, as well as some specific brand recommendations by RAB readers: o Try to use products that do not clog your pores. If your sunblock makes you break out or feel itchy, this may be the cause. o Avoid sunblock containing PABA, apparently found to be carcinogenic. o "SPF" stands for Sun Protection Factor. If you can normally stay out for ten minutes without getting sunburnt, then an SPF 2 should protect you for 20 minutes, an SPF 6 for an hour, and so on. HOWEVER, this does *NOT* mean an SPF 30 will let you stay out for five hours with just one coat. Keep your exposure limited to the minimum amounts, and always use an extra strong sunblock with at least SPF 30 for your tattoo. o "Waterproof" and "sweatproof" sunblocks protect you while in the water. However, reflections from the water add to your exposure. Make sure you use a high SPF number, and always re-apply your sunblock when coming out of the water. o Sunblock is not just for the beach! Make it a habit to carry one with you during the sunnier months so you can protect your tattoo always! The Watermelon Stick from the Body Shop is nice and portable, but in a pinch, a tube of lip balm (Blistik, etc.) will work, as long as it has an SPF. Dab a bit on your tattoo whenever you will be outside. Products recommended by some RABbits: o Banana Boat for Kids - SPF 50. o Banana Boat's SPF 50, for Extra Sesitive Skin o "Deep Cover" Super Sunblock, advertised in some tattoo magazines (distributed by Deep Cover in Long Beach, CA) o The Body Shop's Watermelon Stick o Bullfrog Moisturizing Formula - The Body Lotion (not the Gel Formula). o Neutrogena's Senisitive Skin SPF 17 o Schering-Plough's "Shade Sunblock" in various SPFs. PREPARATION-H HEMORRHOIDAL OINTMENT We have heard stories of tattoo artists recommending the use of Preparation-H in the healing of new tattoos. Preparation-H is a product marketed for the relief of hemorrhoidal tissue in the US, and comes in both cream and suppository form (I assume artists don't recommend the suppositories). Dr. Jeff Herndon <JHERNDON@Gems.VCU.EDU>, resident assistant professor at the Department of Medicinal Chemistry at Virginia Commonwealth University's Medical College, says Preparation-H should *NOT* be used for tattoos: According to the 1995 Drug Facts & Comparisons (Olin, et al., Facts and Comparisons Inc.: St Louis, 1995; p 540-541) the list of ingredients for Preparation-H are as follows: - Live yeast cell derivative supplying 2000 units of skin respiratory factor per ounce - 3% shark liver oil - 1:10000 phenyl mercuric nitrate Facts and Comparisons goes on to say that shark liver oil (similar to cod liver oil) is used primarily as a carrier of the active ingredients and as a protectant, forming a physical barrier on the skin. While this may be helpful in the healing of hemorroids, it provides no benefit and perhaps impedes the healing of new tattoos. Furthermore, while phenylmercuric nitrate may have antiseptic properties (similar to mercurichrome or tincture of iodine; neither of which should be used on fresh tattoos) it possesses very little anti- infective properties when compared to traditional antibacterial agents (neosporin, baccitracin, etc.). Its use in such low quantities in Preperation-H is possibly as a preservative (Facts and Comparisons, 1995, p. 540). The active ingredient of Preparation-H is the skin respiratory factor and this does nothing to relieve the itching and/or swelling associated with a new tattoo. In fact, it is best to simply keep the area moist and clean and to avoid picking the scabs or 'onion skin peel' that develop--and refrain from using Preparation-H. Not only will it NOT help your tattoo, it will actually probably do more harm than good. The product was developed for hemorrhoidal tissue only. Jeff adds simply: "I just can't figure why you'd want to spread yeast cells on a tattoo." -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: HOW DO I CARE FOR MY NEW TATTOO? The artist that did your tattoo will have something very definite to say about the care of your new tattoo, and it is probably a good idea to listen to him/her. Many shops will have an information sheet listing care instructions. The information provided in this section may or may not be the same method your artist offers. Regardless, there are three things to remember about caring for your new tattoo: o Moiturize it o Don't overmoisturize it o And whatever you do, Don't pick your onion peel scabs! Basically, as long as you follow these three points, you will be okay. However as people get more tattoos, they begin trying out slightly different methods. I have included several examples, and not all of them will work on everybody. Some people will find that they are allergic to some products. For example, I have always had a problem with Noxzema skin cream, which makes me break out with water-filled pimple-like things on my skin. How do you know which method is best for you? It depends on the type of skin you have, and how sensitive it is. I suggest you try a patch test on your skin for a week or so to see if you react to the ingredients. Having said that, I have personally discovered a very nice "new tattoo kit" that I now use whenever I go to get a tattoo. And the added benefit was that I discovered this "kit" in a sample size travel set, which I can easily pack in my travel bag. The set that I now use is the Johnson's baby product line. The kit includes baby powder, baby shampoo, diaper rash ointment, baby lotion, baby bath, and a bonus (in this case, a baby bib). I don't need the baby bib, and the shampoo is just an added bonus for me. However, this is how I use the kit, especially when I'm getting the tattoo in another city: Baby powder: I sprinkle a liberal amount on the hotel bed sheets to prevent my skin from sticking to the sheet. Baby bath: A fruity-smelling liquid soap, it's very mild and has minimal lathering. I pour a bit on my hand, rub into a light lather and wash the tattoo this way. It rinses off very easily with non-pressurized water, minimizing the risk of losing scabs. Baby lotion: The Johnson's brand feels non-greasy. *MY* skin does not like a layer of oily lotion, and until this, I used to pay lots of money for oil-free Oil of Olay (is that a contradiction in terms?). Goes on very lightly but keeps the skin moist. Diaper rash ointment: Zinc oxide-based, I use this thick, non- greasy ointment on certain "contact spots" of my tattoo that may rub against clothes (i.e. bra strap, waist band). I've found this travel kit selling for $2-$3 (US), and the small sizes work out just right for a smaller tattoo (no larger than 8"x8". You *MIGHT* smell like a clean baby, though! Other people will recommend different ointments and lotions. Some people swear by Tea Tree Oil (toner) from the Body Shop for its healing qualities. Others like A&D Ointment (marketed for diaper rash, I find it somewhat greasy), and the cheapest is probably regular Vaseline Intensive Care. If you live in a dry area and you're prone to use a lot of lotion anyway, the last one, in a large pump bottle, may be your best bargain. This section lists treatments to give you an idea of the breadth of suggestions offered. These have been given "titles" using some unique facet of the method, and is thus named only for the sake of convenience. These methods are NOT actually called these. Each set of instructions is followed by commentary. Special thanks to Lance Bailey <email@example.com> for this section. MINIMAL MOISTURIZER METHOD ANCIENT ART TATTOO, (ORLANDO, FLA) Ancient Art puts a heap of vaseline on the new tattoo and then bandages up the whole thing, they give you these instructions: Tattoo Care Instructions: 1. Remove bandaid in 18 hrs. 2. Wash tattoo immediately, with soap and water When washing off the tattoo, there should be old ink & some body fluids. At this state there is little that can harm the tattoo. 3. When skin feels like normal wet skin, pat dry. 4. Put nothing on the tattoo for 3 days. 5. From the 4th day, apply the *tiniest* amount of lotion possible once a day to keep it from drying out completely; gently work it in. (Mike suggests a drop for a 1"x4" piece). 6. Do not get the tattoo wet; moisture is your enemy. 7. Do not permit sun on tattoo. 8. Do not get the tattoo wet; moisture is your enemy. 9. Scabbing may or may not occur. Scabbing is normal. Do not pick scab. 10. Do not get the tattoo wet; moisture is your enemy. His strongest advice: "MOISTURE IS THE TATTOO'S ENEMY". On using Vaseline: Neosporin is Vaseline-based, & doesn't hurt. On using Neosporin: Not really neccessary, but it doesn't hurt. Strong warning: Never let the shower directly hit the tattoo. This procedure is how I healed the four I got at Ancient Art and they seem to be the slowest to heal. After 2.5 weeks, they still have scabs. sigh. Lance Bailey says: I used to go to great lengths to keep my tattoos moist while healing. But now, looking at the ink I healed then, and other art which is not much older but healed without all the moisture, I see that the ones where I kept it real moist to prevent any scabs are a lot fainter--grey where the others are still black. I quite literally drew a lot of the ink out of the piece. Yes, it is important to keep the tattoo from drying out, but a scab is part of the normal healing process, and trying to fool mother nature is risking trouble. Your mileage will of course vary. PAT-WITH-LISTERINE METHOD FROM TATTOOS UNLIMITED (LONDON, CANADA) 1. Change your bandage within two hours, wash hands before touching tattoo, 2. Clean tattoo with soap and water, pat w/ Listerine for a few minutes. 3. Apply Polysporin Ointment & bandage. Repeat this process 4 times a day until tattoo is healed. This is how I healed the first four or five tattoos. The theory is thatby keeping it covered with ointment, you don't form a scab -- and no scab means no scab problems. UNFORTUNATELY, this method also draws out a lot of the ink and can result in a pretty pale tattoo. sigh. I would not recommend this method for a good final result, although it can heal up a tattoo in as little as a four days if you use Vitamin E and Polysporin. THE WAIT-24-HOURS-TO-TAKE-OFF-DRESSING METHOD FROM JOKER'S WILD (LONDON, CANADA) 1. Remove bandage after 24 hours while you are showering. 2. Use a mild soap then pat dry 3. Allow tattoo to dry for 24 hours. 4. Apply supplied healing lotion 4 times a day. Do not use anything else on tattoo then the supplied cream. 5. When using the healing cream, use it sparingly, you want to moisten your tattoo, not soak it. 6. Do not soak your tattoo in the bath for 2 weeks. 7. Do not swim in chlorinated water for 2 weeks 8. Do not tan your tattoo for 2 weeks 9. If your tattoo does happen to scab, do not pick. Roland at Joker's Wild (no longer there) also recommended protecting the new tattoo from the shower. Since all of mine are on the lower leg, he suggested putting a bag over it which is a bit of a pain, but probably worth it. This is how I healed the 3" X 6" piece on the front of my shin with theexception that I washed it gently at least twice a day to clean off oldointment. I am very pleased with the result. THE COCONUT-OIL-ITCH-RELIEF METHOD FROM BLUE DRAGON TATTOOS (LONDON, CANADA) For effortless healing of your new tattoo please follow these directions carefully. 1. VERY IMPORTANT. Leave sterile dressing covering tattooed area for a minimum of 2 hours. 2. If desired, dressing can remain on tattoo for a maximum of 24 hours. 3. After removing dressing (non-stick), gently wash tattooed area with soap, pat dry with a clean towel. 4. Apply Polysporin twice daily until healed. Usually 3-6 days. 5. Refrain from picking or scratching tattoo during the healing process. Damaging the light scab formation will result in poor colors in your tattoo. If tattoo irritates, apply a slight smear of pure coconut oil. I have never tried this method; the owner of Blue Dragon and I don't seem to get along. Pity because one of my favorite artists now works there. THE HUCK SPALDING METHOD FROM HUCK SPALDING'S "TATTOOING A TO Z" 1. Bandage(*) should stay on for at least two hours. 2. Remove bandage, rinse gently with cold weather and blot dry. 3. Apply Bacitracin ointment 4 x a day and blot out the excess. 4. Keep tattoo fresh and open to the air. Do not bandage. 5. For the first week, avoid swimming or long soaking in the water. 6. For the first month, avoid too much exposure to the sun. 7. Do not pick or scratch scabs 8. Itching is relieved by slapping or alcohol. 9. Keep tattoo covered with loose clothing. * Bandaging Summary 1. After tattooing clean whole area w/ green soap & white paper towel. 2. Spray it with alcohol and hold a paper towel on it. 3. apply film of Bacitracin ointment. 4. Cover with bandage or Handi-Wrap and securely tape it on. I have yet to try this method, but have seen a few tattoos which have been bandaged with handi-wrap and they turned out just fine. (Huck writes that the handi-wrap stops people from peeling off the bandage in the first few hours to show friends.) THE NOXZEMA METHOD FROM LANCE BAILEY (ZAPHOD@BCU.UBC.CA) This method is recommended by Suzanne at Creative Tattoo (Ann Arbor, Michigan) 1. Remove bandage after 4 - 5 hours. 2. Wash gently with soap or water. 3. Do *not* scrub or soak until completely healed (usually a week). Showering, however, is OK. 4. Usually neccessary to re-bandage. 5. Keep tattoo OUT OF THE SUN or tanning booths while healing. Once healed, ALWAYS use sunscreen on colors. 6. We reommend Noxema Medicated Skin Lotion twice a day to aid healing & comfort. DO NOT USE Vaseline, oils, anything greasy, or anything with cortisone. Oils block your skin from contact with air, inhibiting healing 7. Tattoo "peels" in 4-7 days. Do not pick or scratch! "Your tattoo was applied with sterile equipment and procedure, and with non-toxic colors. We guarantee the workmanship. Healing and caring of your tattoo is YOUR responsibility." This is how I healed a 3-inch band around my right ankle. While the healing was more like 2 weeks, I also protected it from the shower with a bag. For the last few tattoos I noticed that after I stop covering it in the shower (after about 2 weeks), the tattoo seems to speed up in healing. I suspect that this might be either timing (it was ready to heal), or the action of the shower helps to knock of any dead skin thus promoting better healing. I only used a wee bit of Noxzema twice a day, leaving the art "moist and glistening" but with no "smears of white cream." Am very happy with this method. The cream really does help the itching and the final result is a good deep black. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 6/9--Care of new tattoos." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 7/9--General care/removal."
Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 7/9--General care/removal Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:44:17 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <email@example.com> Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at email@example.com Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part7 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <firstname.lastname@example.org> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on the World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab> The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal <--YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 7/9: Old tattoos--care/removal How does weight gain/loss affect a tattoo? How does lifting weights affect a tattoo? How does pregnancy affect a tattoo near the abdomen? Can a tattoo be removed? Get it reworked--cover-up Get it reworked--touch-up Get it removed--Tissue Expansion Get it removed--Sal Abration Get it removed--Staged Excision Get it removed--medical lasers Innovative Government Incentive Program for Tattoo Removal One person's decision toward tattoo removal COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: HOW DOES WEIGHT GAIN/LOSS AFFECT A TATTOO? Tattoos can definitely be affected by stretch marks. Whether you will or won't get stretch marks is apparently determined genetically, so placement is a consideration if you are planning on getting pregnant. I know for a fact that stretch marks can ruin a tattoo, because I have a very small tattoo that now looks more like a blob because of a large stretch mark running through the middle of it. Luckily, this was a home-brewed job (the kind done with India ink and a pin wrapped in thread) so I was never particularly attached to the artwork. :-} If your skin stretches from weight gain and then shrinks back up without losing its elasticity (the loss of elasticity is what results in stretch marks), then I would expect that there wouldn't be much distortion of the tattoo, maybe none at all. Or, put the tattoo someplace that won't get stretched so much, like the chest area above the breasts. My upper stomach didn't stretch much, either, but the lower abdominal skin did stretch quite a lot. (I've seen stretch marks on hips, thighs and arms as well--probably related to muscle gain from weight lifting as well as general fattening/thinning.) HOW DOES LIFTING WEIGHTS AFFECT A TATTOO? For most people, the amount of muscle gain is nowhere near as quick or as dramatic as what you would see with the stretching of skin on a pregnant person. For this reason, you don't really have to worry about your tattoo changing shape when you start lifting weights. I don't know what would happen though, if you decide you want to be the next Mr. Universe and you currently weigh 90 pounds. HOW DOES PREGNANCY AFFECT A TATTOO NEAR THE ABDOMEN? If you are planning on getting pregnant, you should be very cautious about the placement of any tattoo near the abdominal area. Not only will the tattoo stretch during pregnancy--there is no guarantee that the tattoo will go back to its original shape after the birth of your baby. Be particularly wary of getting any tattoo where the shape is important, such as with symmetrical tribal pieces, or Celtic knots. Even geometric patterns such as a circle could end up looking like an oval (or worse, an irregular blob). A more "giving" image, such as that of clouds, might suit you better. There are two options you might want to consider: a) Do not get any tattoos around the abdominal area at all, but limit your ink to other parts of your torso; b) Put off getting your abdominal tattoos until after you have had your children. Obviously, this involves some level of family planning. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: CAN A TATTOO BE REMOVED? There are several methods for "removing" a tattoo, listed below. However with all of these methods, you either still end up with a tattoo (albeit a better-looking one), a scar, or a skinnier wallet. In other words, it is much easier to *get* a tattoo in the first place than to get rid of one. If you are considering getting a new tattoo, think carefully before you do--or you may end up re-reading this section. *IMPORTANT* Most health insurance companies do not cover tattoo removal in their coverage. The removal of a small tattoo (2-inch square) could end up costing you over $1,000--and there are "hidden costs" to the concept of tattoo removal. The bottom line is, TATTOO REMOVAL IS VERY EXPENSIVE. This means that it is extra-important for you to consider CAREFULLY and spend a long time considering getting one in the first place. GET IT REWORKED--COVER-UP There are different ways to get cover-up work, depending on the situation. A name can be tastefully camouflaged with a small design, making the name impossible to read. If it's the entire thing you want covered, it could be covered with another design. It is easier to cover a lighter color with a darker color, although oftentimes the original work is done in a dark color. This means not just a good tattooist, but a really good artist; what they'll have to do is find a way to work the existing tattoo into a new design that will cover and disguise what's there. If you don't believe that good cover-up work can do magic, take a look at some of the before-after photos in some of the tattoo magazines. The artists know how to work with form and shape, to where the new tattoo looks nothing like the old one. An example of BAD cover-up is an artist who simply blacks out whatever was there before. I've seen big black rectangles where names used to be!! You don't believe me? Go look at a picture of actor Johnny Depp's left shoulder, where he used to have his "Winona Forever" tattoo from his old Winona Ryder days. He's gotten himself a big black solid triangle worked over it. Argh! [I've been told this triangle was supposed to be just that; not a cover-up. I *still* think it looks ugly and like a bad cover-up job.] The main idea is to check with the individual artist. If they've done significant cover-up work, they should have before and after photos of it in their book, where you can see where the work occurred. --The people at Tattoo City can do it (see their entry under 5.1 US West Coast: California: San Francisco). GET IT REWORKED--TOUCH-UP With the advances in technology, technique and the availability of new, brighter colors in the past few years, faded or blurred tattoos can look brighter and sharper than when they were new. Some touch-up work makes the tattoo significantly better looking than it ever was, actually improving on the original tattoo. GET IT REMOVED--TISSUE EXPANSION The tissue expansion method is where a balloon is inserted and inflated under the skin to slowly stretch the flesh. The tattoo is then cut out and the newly stretched skin covers its place. This is a popular method for removing smaller tattoos and leaves only a straight-line surgical scar. GET IT REMOVED--SAL ABRASION Sal abrasion involves rubbing the image with salt and "sanding" it out. GET IT REMOVED--STAGED EXCISION The staged excision method actually cuts the image out, a small portion at a time. Both the sal abrasion and staged excision methods result in more scarring. Also, homemade tattoos can be more difficult to remove because while the concentration of ink may not be as great as in a professional tattoo, it often goes deeper into the skin (you may want to consider cover-up work in this case). Monese Christensen (email@example.com) recounts a rather sad story about her sister, who, on a whim without finding a good artist, got a tattoo she regretted enough to try to get it removed. "The saline expansion took about 4 months. The insertion of the saline bag was major surgery. They put her out. And put her out again to remove the tattoo and bag. The surgery was not covered under insurance for cosmetic reasons and it came to $5,000." Note that for six months Monese's sister had a big lump of extra skin growing on her back and she looked like Quasimodo. This, I believe, for a tattoo about 2" x 2". GET IT REMOVED--MEDICAL LASERS There are a number of new laser methods for tattoo removal, although they tend to be costly and are usually not covered by medical insurance plans. Of the three forms of medical lasers currently available (the CO2 laser, the Q-stitched ruby laser and the Tatulazr), the new Tatulazr has been deemed one of the most effective ways to remove blue-black tattoos. According to Dr. Richard Fitzpatrick of Dermatology Associates of San Diego County (who is the clinical investigator for the Tatulazr), the Tatulazr delivers pulses of energy that are selectively absorbed by the pigment granules of the tattoo. He says that the Tatulazr's wavelength causes less absorption of the laser light by the normal skin, resulting in less risk of scarring. The longer wavelength allows more energy to reach the target tattoo pigment, resulting in greater removal success. In addition, the wavelength allows for deeper penetration into the skin, which means fewer treatments may be required for complete tattoo removal. For the name of a physicial in your area who uses the Tatulazr, call the Candela Laser Corp. at 1-800-733-8550 Ext. 444 (or write to them at 530 Boston Post Rd., Wayland, MA 01778). -------------------------------------------------------------- SUBJECT: FDA BAN/ALERT AGAINST TATEX USA'S DO-IT-YOURSELF KIT The following, brought to my attention by Mike <firstname.lastname@example.org>, is a copy of an FDA alert dated September 1992 against the method of chemical tattoo removal being marketed by Tatex, Inc. based in Pickering, Ontario (Canada) and marketed in the US out of Las Vegas, Nevada. I have no reason to doubt Mike's intentions in forwarding this alert to me. From what Mike tells me, it's possible that Tatex is a weak acid or peroxide formula that eats away at your skin. He says he believes the FDA alert is due to their not having completed necessary tests. The following is the alert in its entirety. I'll let the readers decide for themselves whether this stuff is appropriate or not. (Reformatted for ease of readability.) * * * * * FDA IA#66-11, REVISED 9/21/92 TYPE OF ALERT: Automatic Detention PRODUCT: Tattoo Removers PRODUCT CODE: 66V--99 PROBLEM: New Drug without a New Drug Application (NDA) (DRND) PAC FOR COLLECTION: 56008H COUNTRY: All MANUFACTURER/SHIPPER: All CHARGE: "The article is subject to refusal of admission pursuant to Section 801(a)(3) in that it appears to be a new drug within the meaning of Section 201(p) without an approved new drug application [Unapproved New Drug, Section 505(a)]." RECOMMENDING OFFICE: CDER/OTC Compliance Branch, HFD-312 REASON FOR ALERT: Three complaints of injury have implicated this drug as the source of acute inflammation, cellulitis and secondary infection of the skin. All of the complaints indicated that the tattoo remover was received through the mail from the Atlanta Co., Pickering, Ontario, Canada. The product was received in small plastic vials labeled in part, "Tatex Tattoo Remover*** 2 1/2 cc accompanied by labeling entitled, "Instructions for use of the Tatex Tattoo Remover." Although there has been no recent detention activity of the Tatex brand tattoo remover, the alert remains in effect because of the possibility of entry which may be attempted for similar products from other foreign manufacturers. INSTRUCTIONS: Detain products which claim to be tattoo removers. Notify CDER/OTC Labeling Branch at 301-295-8063 when detentions of these products are made. KEYWORDS: Tattoo remover, New Drug, Tatex Tattoo Remover, skin, infection PREPARED BY : Linda A. Wisniowski, DIOP, 301-443-6553 -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: INNOVATIVE GOVERNMENT INCENTIVE PROGRAM FOR TATTOO REMOVAL IN JUVENILES In a news conference held in April '94, San Jose Mayor Susan Hammer announced a new program that would help young people to remove unwanted tattoos. $15,000 from the San Jose BEST anti-gang grant program will pay for the tattoo removal from about 100 people. Hammer said she will seek additional funding. "I want to send a message to every young person troubled by the presence of a tattoo," Hammer said. "This program is about you and about your dream." The service is being provided by plastic surgeon Josh Korman, who is donating his time. John Lawrence, a former gang member who sported elaborate ``sleeve'' tattoos on his forearms as well as smaller ones on an eyebrow, a cheek and on his neck, said he hopes removing them will smooth the way for him in job interviews. The 18-year-old Lawrence said he got his first tattoo when he was about 13. "I wanted to advertise," Lawrence said, "to let everybody know who I was and where I was from." If all went as planned, the youths were to have begun treatment in May. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: ONE PERSON'S DECISION TO TATTOO REMOVAL The following is a personal account by Cindy Browning <email@example.com>, of her decision to have her tattoos removed professionally. --- I started getting tats at 24 with a very small shoulder piece. I dated and ended up marrying a self-professed (now professional) tattoo artist, and got more pieces, all blackwork. The marriage ended, and I was left with a lot of tat work; some good but most, painful reminders. I had heard of tat removal, but these rumors were usually prefaced by "It hurts a lot, worse than the tat, it doesn't always work, and it's incredibly expensive." I saw the results of a removal on a friend of mine--she had a racist symbol on her hand, and her mom sent her to have it removed for around $500. (being married to the artist, none of my tats had cost anything--you get what you pay for.) I decided to go with cover-up work. Got several pieces from '89-91, blackwork and color, all by recognized professionals I knew. Some of the nicest ones I got were around my ankles--Egyptian-themed pieces from historical sources, a tribal tiger head from a book catalogue. My job was extremely unconventional--a retail store manager specializing in jewelry, minerals, and the occult. Located in a very hip, trendy area of Washington D.C., celebrities walked in regularly. The store owner encouraged us to be interesting-looking, and tats fit with the fashion-forward clothes that we wore. I left my job abruptly in '91, and used my computer skills to enter the extremely rigid, conservative world of government consulting. At first it was easy to cover up with black hose, long sleeves, and blazers, but this became increasingly constrictive. I began dreaming of wearing shorts, white hose, sleeveless shirts, bathing suits, anything, without being a one-woman free tattoo show. My life changed. My rock & roll friends were bored with my stories of work, not impressed that I was earning money, driving a new car and living on my own instead of in grimy group houses. New friends made judgments about me once they found out I had tattoos. Romance was difficult--there was always the "I have......tattoos" conversation to go through. There are surprising numbers of unenlightened men out there who think you are a) sleazy b) ready for sex at ANY time c) perverted d) into "pain" e) gross f) all of the above if you have tats. I think I met all of them in the D.C. area. One approached me on the mall on July 4th when I was celebrating freedom in my own personal way by wearing a tank top. He ran his slimy finger down my tattooed upper arm and said, "Pretty" in a Hannibal Lecter voice. I ran away. I think it was then that I began my soul-searching, before searching for doctors who could effectively remove tattoos, starting with my ankle pieces. My search was futile. I met at least one dermatologist who was really nice 'til I took off my shirt, at which point I believe she thought I was a candidate for Psychotic Monthly. I did eventually meet a man who said he didn't care if I had tats, but had none of his own. But those T-shirt aphorisms you read about non-tattooed people are true. We were driving past a boutique one night, and there was a velvet sheath dress in the window, cut up to here and down to there. He looked at me sadly and said how he wished I could wear it. I said, "Huh?" as I am not overweight by any means. I then realized what he really meant, that he wished I did not look like the missing 5th member of the Cycle Sluts from Hell in the dress. Groan. I did so well that I was offered a new position and a promotion at a new office in San Antonio. I grabbed it. Upon arriving and perusing the local rock & roll paper, I saw an ad that read "Married to Mary Lou but still have Debbie on your arm?", advertising the Laser Institute of San Antonio. I called, made an appointment, and went as soon as I could. The doctor (Dr. Marc Taylor) was very friendly, if a bit surprised by my tat work, but said he could help me. I saw a short video that showed results that looked miraculous. He warned that scarring could occur, and with professional tats, several treatments were necessary, scarring one's pocketbook as well. But I didn't care. All I could see was a rainbow, with white stockings and shorts and sandals at the end. Let me tell you, not wearing shorts in Texas in the summer makes you look like un-American. And I have no wish to look like someone's dad, or the Captain of the Love Boat, with dorky ankle socks. Now, you might say that individualism is prized in Texas. But after years of having tattoos, I stopped caring about what others think, and am concerned with my own comfort level. So far I have had one treatment. It went on for about 20 minutes, and felt somewhat like getting a tattoo, but more like a rubber band snapping on my skin. The machine is about 2 feet high and has a probe on a mechanical arm coming out of it, sort of like a dental drill. There's a pen-shaped attachment on the end, and a plastic shield (to keep the laser from shooting all over the room). The doctor, the attendant nurse and I all had to wear eye protection. The pen attachment shoots out little bursts of light, accompanied by an unpleasant crackling noise. The initial consultation was $45.00, and each 15-minute treatment is $195.00 (with incremental amounts added for every additional minute. It was $240 for 19 minutes. Aftercare is exactly the same as that for a tattoo, with 6-8 weeks between treatments. The results from my first treatment; there are areas where the tats have completely disappeared, although I was advised that this might not happen on every try. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 7/9--General care/removal." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 8/9--Miscellaneous info."
Message-ID: <REPOSTfirstname.lastname@example.org> X-Reposted-By: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 8/9--Misc. info Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:45:03 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <email@example.com> Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone who wishes to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at email@example.com Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part8 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <firstname.lastname@example.org> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on the World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab> The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info <---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE 9/9--Bibliography -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 8/9: Misc. tattoo info: Ink colors Where can I get a Japanese "irezumi" tattoo? When did tattooing start? How does a modern tattoo gun work? How long do I have to wait before I can donate blood? Tattoos and allergies How do I temporarily cover up a tattoo? How do I become a tattoo artist? The dark side of tattooing "Rape by tattoo" Fulfilling unrequited feelings with tattoos Getting tattooed in a BDSM scene or relationship "Property of" tattoos "Culture vultures" U.S. laws regulating tattooing COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: INK COLORS ARE THERE GLOW-IN-THE-DARK INKS? Much has been discussed about these inks. One person who has had experience using this is Ed Hardy (owner of San Francisco's Tattoo City). This is what he told the FAQ maintainer: "On this black light pigment, the fluorescent stuff...I don't know too much about it. I got some from a friend in Japan about 10 years ago and was using it for a while. It's not a true pigment as far as I know; it's an analyn dye that's precipitated on some kind of microscopic plastic particles or something. I've got tattoos that I've had for about 10 years, and have never caused me any trouble. I've got sun on them and everything. I don't think that the pigment is real strong. I don't use this stuff anymore and I don't know where people can obtain it. I know it's been in the news but we don't really mess with it anymore...it's very difficult to put in the skin." Having been given this information, I have deleted the rest of my previous text here (which was unsubstantiated and thirdhand). If anyone can point me to first-hand information, please contact me. FLUORESCENT INKS Fluorescent ink is not the same as glow-in-the-dark ink. Fluorescent colors are what people usually refer to as "neon." Consider that highlighter markers and bright Post-It notes are fluorescent. Thus "fluorescent" and "glow-in'the-dark" are not one and the same, and the terms are not interchangeable. Most artists do not use fluorescent inks, but Karl MacRae tells me Eddie Deutche at Tattoo City (San Francisco) has used them. [Note: Deutche is no longer at Tattoo City but has his own shop, 222 Tattoo, in San Francisco.] WHAT COLORS ARE AVAILABLE? There are a lot more colors available now than just "Popeye green and red." Just about every color imaginable can be obtained for your design. If your artist does not have a pre-mixed color, s/he will mix the colors on the spot for you. It is not an exaggeration to say that you could specify your design by Pantone color, especially since many artists have fine arts degrees and are familiar with the various Pantone shades [Pantone shades are used by professional artists and are standard numbered colored]. ARE THERE GOLD OR SILVER INKS FOR TATTOOS? While there are some metallic inks available, these are very rare and a general answer to this question is a simple "no." If you have a design that needs to look metallic, a good artist can use other colors to make it look metallic without actually using gold or silver ink. My understanding is that artists shy away from metallic colors because of their toxic properties under the skin. CAN I GET A WHITE INK TATTOO? Most artists use white ink to highlight certain parts of your tattoo design. However, white ink is a special color that requires your artist to work closely with you. The effect of white ink differs greatly among clients, and its visibility and retention on the skin has much to do with the natural coloration of your skin. White ink seems to work best on very light-skinned people. Unfortunately, this means people with dark skin would not able to get a white ink tattoo on their skin to have a "photo negative effect" that looks like a negative of a dark colored tattoo on light skin. This is because the ink sits under your skin, and the layer of skin over the ink is tinted with your natural skin color. So if you have very dark skin, the white will be overwhelmed with your natural melanin. Those who have very light skin however, may use white ink exclusively to get tattoo designs that are very difficult to discern at first glance. This might be an interesting option for ankle or wrist tattoos, or other areas where a regular non-white tattoo would show up too easily and possibly cause problems for the wearer. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHERE CAN I GET JAPANESE "IREZUMI" TATTOOS? Japanese "irezumi" tattoos are often associated with laborers (primarily fire fighters and carpenters) and yakuza members, who stereotypically also lack the tips of one or two digits on their hands (to signify a failed order and to show loyalty--see the movie, _Black Rain_ with Michael Douglas for an example). An excellent book to to see examples of traditional Japanese bodysuits is _The Japanese tattoo_ by Sandi Fellman (New York : Abbeville Press, 1986. 112 p.). For those interested in getting work of this magnitude done however, the general answer is "ya can't gets one." This is not only because of the time or costs involved--there is a sense of the spiritual and of propriety with the artists, who do not advertise their services in the Yellow Pages. Your best bet as a "gaijin" (foreigner) is to find a Western artist who specializes in oriental artwork. As trends go, the young Japanese are now interested in tattoos of Elvis and Chevies, anyway--the grass is greener on the other side, I guess. If you can manage to attend the larger tattoo conventions, some of the Japanese artists now travel the U.S. convention circuit regularly. KANJI [CHINESE/JAPANESE] CHARACTERS One word of warning about getting Japanese or Chinese characters--make sure that the artist who does this understands the importance of the shape and form of the letters. Unlike the roman alphabet, the essence of the Oriental characters is in the proper execution of form. The artist will have to know where the "brush strokes" of the calligraphy start and end (since stroke order also counts), as well as how angular some corners should be, etc. The worst thing would be to sport a Japanese kanji character that looks like some zygotes. How to tell if the characters are formed properly? It would help if you know how to read kanji or if you have Asian friends--otherwise, go with a reputable artist who is known for it. Beware: I read Japanese, and most of the kanji flash I've seen in shops are embarrassing to look at. Brendan Mahoney <email@example.com> adds: Even were I to consider getting a kanji tattoo, mere copying just doesn't cut it (no pun intended). Chinese, like Japanese, has printing (e.g in books), hand printing (which can be very artisitic) and various forms of cursive (extremely artistic), not to mention styles--something like fonts--within each of the forms or writing. The most important aspect of fine cursive (aside from form and proportion) is what the Chinese call "flying white," that is, the white streaks created from moving the brush so rapidly. Creating a tatoo like that would require considerable shading skill in addition to appreciation for the flying white itself. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: WHEN DID TATTOOING START? Paraphrased from the Globe and Mail (Toronto's National Newpaper): "A 4,000 year old man has been found in Italy near the Austrian border, (originally it was reported he was in Austria, but both countries now agree he is in Italy.) Carbon dating will take a few months, but artifacts found near him strongly suggest that he is over 4,000 years old...He is also tattooed...a small cross is behind one knee and above his kidneys there are a series of lines, about 15 cm long." Now I knew that the Egyptians tattooed each other, but that was only 3,000 years ago. I wonder how much further back this custom goes? From "Tattoo You" by Steve Wind (Off Duty Hawaii Magazine, October '92): "The first Western references to tattoos didn't come until 1771, when Captain Cook brought the word to Europe after seeing the artform in Tahiti. Tattoos were associated with the lower class and criminal elements in Britain and America until the early 1900s when, drawn by a sense of freedom, decadence and sexual liberation, upper classes began wearing them as well." The word "tattoo" apparently comes from the Tahitian word "tatau," which was onomonopoetic for the sound their tattooing instrument made. The word was brought back by Captain Cook. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: HOW DOES A MODERN TATTOO GUN WORK? I'd like to thank Fred Jewell <firstname.lastname@example.org>, who did this entire section, except the diagram [which took me some time], and the needle arrangements, which is by Jesster. Please note that this information is not for the purpose of teaching people how to tattoo, but to assist in the public in becoming a more well-informed customer. The tattoo machine (gun, as a misnomer) is really a basic doorbell circuit (you know--you push a button and somewhere in the kitchen this little arm bangs the hell out of a bell thingie). For you techies out there it's a DC coil and spring point(s) machine. Both doorbell and tat machine were invented before household current was available. __ / \ \ / <--rabbit ear w/ a screw in it _/ /____ / /_/ \ | ( )---\ \ | --- ---\\ \ \/ /_____ \\ \ __ __ ( ) \ \\ \ / \ / \ <--mechanism ============================= ^ ------------ | | | <-contact points armature (| |________________|---\___| bar -> | | _/ \_||_/ \_ / <-This whole thing is the base | | [XXXX]||[XXXX]__ __ \ coils (X)-> | | |XXXX|--|XXXX| \ / \ \ | | |XXXX|--|XXXX| / \__/ | | | |XXXX|--|XXXX| / || / =========================== <-rubber bands =========================== ___| |___|__|__|__|__/ |___((_// / //\ |\- | // | ___________________| \// /___/ --- | |___| /XXXXX\ |XXXXX| |XXXXX| |XXXXX| <--sanitary tube |XXXXX| |XXXXX| |_____| \ / | | | | | | | | | | \_| <---needles It is essentially in 3 sections: The base, the mechanism, and the sanitary tube. The base really is the bulk of the metal; a rabbit ear with a screw in it, bent at 90 degrees to hold coils. In the front there's a round hole to hold the sanitary tube. Some people think the base looks like the handle of a gun. The base houses the mechanism, which consists of two coils of wire wrapped around an iron core. At the top of the mechanism is a set of silver contact "points" (like the end of a wire); one usually on a spring mechanism, the other either the end, or on the end of a screw. The spring connects to the base and a bar, which is connected to the needle arm (90 degrees offset). The needle arm is connected to the needles (which are soldered onto the bar), and moves up and down inside the sanitary tube. The coils connect to a DC power supply (between 6 - 12VDC), via a spring coiled U-cable. The U-cable is called a "clip cord," designed to move easily between machines but also stay in place and not fall out and spark all over the place. The springs hold the cable in/onto the machine. One side of the coils is connected to the power supply, the other end to the point on the screw on the bunny ear, which is insulated from the base. Through the points, the current flows via the coils and the base of the machine. This causes the coils to become electromagnetic. The electro-magnet pulls down the bar, which does two things: pulls down the needles, and opens the points. The points being open turn off the magnet. The spring assembly brings back the bar, which causes the needles to move up *AND* make contact with the points. This causes the whole cycle to happen again making the needles go up and down. Most machines have a large capacitor across the coils/points, which keeps the points from arcing and pitting, and wearing out so quickly. A capacitor is a device that holds energy kind of like a battery, but charges and discharges much faster (parts of a second rather than 3 or 4 hours). The capacitor charges while the points are open, so when they close, the difference in voltage across them is nill. The points are really an automatic switch controlled by the spring to turn the thing off and on quickly. In old cars where there were points there was a condenser (aka capacitor) for the same reason. The sanitary tube sucks up the ink in capillary fashion, and the needles load up as long as there's ink in the small portion of the tube.It's called "sanitary" because of the cutout at the bottom of the tube, which can be rinsed out. My understanding is that there are three layers of skin: Scaly layer, epidermis, and dermis. Tattoo machines are adjusted to penetrate into the dermis layer but NOT *through* it (below it is the fat layer of the body). When the needles go into the sanitary tube they have a layer of ink on and between them. The needles make little holes in the skin, and the ink is deposited into the holes. This is why the skin has to be stretched so blobs of ink don't stay. Otherwise, the skin will latch onto the needles, grab the ink from them and generally make a mess. Ink just put into the scaly layer would be replaced quickly and fade away. While ink into the epidermis will stay, my conjecture is thatthe dermis makes for more ink and perhaps a more vivid image. Machines are really of two types: Liners, and shaders. They areexactly the same, but are set up differently. The gap for a liner isaround the thickness of a dime, and a shader is the thickness of a nickel. Liner needles are usually arranged on the bar in a circular pattern. Shader needles are usually straight (like a comb), although Spaulding & Rogers sells a 15-needle round shader. The needles are small sewing machine needles, usually made of stainless steel. Liners are in 1, 3, 4, 5, & 7-needle combinations, set in a round configuration. Note: There can really be any number of them but these seem to be most common. Shader needles are in a straight row and usually are in groups of 4, 6, 7, 9 needles. The sanitary tubes are designed especially for the combination of needles, so there's a special tube for each different number of needles in a needle bar assembly The following needle diagrams are from Jesse "Jesster" Parent (jesster@WPI.EDU). o is a needle . is a cut down needle (shorter & no point) Liners: Single needle 3-needle 5-needle o o o o . . o o o o o Shaders: 4-needle 6-needle oooo oooooo 8-needle shaders are grouped so that 7 needles form a circle with 1 in the middle. There are also 14-needle shaders. 8-needle Magnums: o 5-needle 7-needle o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Shaders are mounted on flat needle bars while liners are mounted on round bars There are two other types of machines. Spaulding & Rogers revolution (don't know of an artist that uses this one), which is a DC motor that turns a cam that raises and lowers the needle bar assembly through a sanitary tube. The other is something that I have never seen (even in pictures) but they are used in prison and are made of tape recorder motors, and for the life of me I don't know how they work. DO TATTOO NEEDLES BECOME DULL WITH USE? The following information is provided by Uncle Bud <email@example.com>: Tattoo needles do not dullen with age, but instead become sharper by the repetitive honing motion they experience in the tattoo gun (machine). This happens because the metal of the sanitary tube rubs against the needles, and the softer metal (the needles) will wear. The problem with these sharpened needles is that they sharpen into flat razor-like edges, and begin cutting the skin instead of piercing small holes. Since a tattoo is created by the conical shape of the needle transferring pigment into the skin with the aid of a wetting agent, the needle's shape is as important as its sharpness. Pigment does not transfer into the skin as efficiently when the shape is altered, and can also lead to scarring. Another problem with needles is the occurrence of burs or barbs when the needles hit the side or bottom of the pigment caps. While it is possible to use the same set of needles for more than eight hours (on the same client, of course), correct needle configuration, setup, and alignment of the needle and machine are very critical. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: HOW LONG DO I HAVE TO WAIT BEFORE I CAN DONATE BLOOD? The standard question they always ask at blood banks is whether you've had a piercing or tattoo within the last 12 months. A lot of discussion has been made over RAB about some centers allowing for exceptions and whatnot, but it looks like the general concensus is that you have to wait 12 months. I assume this is to wait out any incidence of hepatitis or HIV. Jonathan Allan (firstname.lastname@example.org) says the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN won't take you if you have had: 1. Sex w/ another male since 1977 (male to male); 2. Sex w/ someone from the subtropic islands or sub-Saharan Africa since 1977; 3. Sex for money or drugs EVER; 4. Sex w/ someone who had sex w/ one of the above EVER; 5. ANY piercing or tattoo in the last 12 months. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: TATTOOS AND ALLERGIES Josephine Valencia <email@example.com>, on allergies to certain inks: The red reaction affects approximately 1 in every 100,000 to 300,000 people. It is characcterized by itching and sometimes swelling depending on how severe the case. This usually happens 3 to 5 years after the tattoo, although cases have been reported as early as a few months and as late as 20 years. Remedies usually involve OTC lotion or in more severe cases, medication prescribed by a dermotoligist. No one seems to know what causes it and is associated usually only with the color red. About 20 (?) years ago most red pigments contained mercury and the red reaction was much more common. It was widely believed that mercury was the cause. Mercury is no longer used in tattoo inks. Red reaction incidences decreased dramaticlly but were not eliminated. Dr. Kai Kristensen <firstname.lastname@example.org>, on other causes for allergic reactions: Anything that the needles must go through to drive the ink into the dermis can be carried with the ink into the skin--and some people are blessed with a high degree of reaction to foreign material. Most tattoo artists use a petroleum jelly based ointment as a lubricant on the surface of the skin and tattoo through that layer. In some persons, driving any of that into the skin sets up a foreign body reaction with lumps and itching (me, for one). If that is the case, persuade your artist to tattoo "dry" without the ointment. It is perfectly satisfactory and no harder on the tattooer or tattooee. I personally cannot see the need for the "grease" layer as an added possibility for forein body reactions. [Ed.-Note that some artists use plain petroleum jelly, while others use vitamin-enhanced products.] -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: HOW DO I TEMPORARILY COVER UP A TATTOO? If you are going to a job interview or some other event that requires you to conceal your tattoos (and clothing is not an option), there are two cosmetic products recommended: 1. Joe Blasco's line of theatrical cosmetics 2. Dermablend cover-up make-up, which is used by people who have vitiligo (Michael Jackson's mysterious melanin-loss disease), scars, birthmarks and tattoos. For Blasco products, check with your local theater supply store (or your local theater--they might be able to supply you, or refer you to their direct number). Dermablend is available at cosmetic counters. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: HOW DO I BECOME A TATTOO ARTIST? Depending on how it's asked, this question probably receives the most amount of flames when posted to RAB. The general concensus is that there is only "one way" to do it, and that is to apprentice, period. There is far more to be learned about the art and business of tattooing than what can be obtained simply from a book (e.g. customer service, etiquette, running a business, dealing with emergencies). Ever seen _Karate Kid_ where the boy learns his skills through mundane, seemingly unrelated things like waxing a car? Spending eight months to a year under a well-established artist's wings can help you to really learn what's involved in being a professional tattooist, as well as in how to run your own small business. Just as you would never consider becoming a professional masseuse or an acupuncturist without proper training, neither should you try to become a professional tattooist without the proper training. Unfortunately, many people consider "proper training" to mean "good at drawing and used a tattoo machine." If you are a good illustrator, it simply means you might have a better chance at finding an artist willing to be your mentor. The hardest part of becoming an apprentice is in finding an artist who will take you seriously and let you work in the shop. Having a portfolio of illustrations will certainly help. You will also end up knocking on a lot of doors. Not every artist will want to have an apprentice, since that means extra work for them. To prove your commitment, you may be asked to put time in without any monetary compensation at all for a while. And for many months, all you will do might be answering the phone and mopping the floor. But remember that that is all part of your training! Wax in, wax out! Expect to devote at least two to three years to this form of training. Currently, the only shop in the country I am aware of that runs any sort of organized apprenticeship program is Notorious Ed's Tattoos in Austin, Texas. There, individuals with absolutely no background in art or tattooing can walk off the street and go through their tattoo apprenticeship program and turn into an income-generating professional tattooist in eight months. The tuition is set up such that it comes out of the gross profits you generate at their shop once you are tattooing. This means it takes a serious commitment because you will be there for up to two years. However if you are ready to take the opportunity to be a professional tattooist, it is no different than going to a vocational school for two years. In 1998 they will be working with the state of Texas to try to obtain accreditation for their program. When this is approved, apprentices will be able to take out federal student loans and use their GI bill. Visit Notorious Ed's web site at http://www.notoriousedstattoo.com/ for more information. Lastly, think very carefully about your consequences should you decide not to go with the apprentice route: o You may have difficulty becoming an established artist. o You may have difficulty finding people you can work on. o You may end up with a bad reputation for bad work. o You may not learn how to run a business, and end up having to declare bankruptcy. ...be happy you're not trying to become a master sushi chef: They take *12 YEARS* to attain (and it takes five years just to get the privilege of cooking the rice). -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: THE DARK SIDE OF TATTOOING While the bulk of this FAQ looks at tattoos and tattooing very positively, I need to address the fact that tattooing can be used in harmful, negative ways. If you have ever been forced to get a tattoo you did not want, or had someone else take your idea or identity, this section will be of particular interest to you. Particular thanks to Michelle DeLio <email@example.com> for assistance in this section. "RAPE BY TATTOO" "Rape by tattoo" by its definition means that someone violated you in a personal way by using a tattoo as a weapon. This could be done in two ways. One could be that you were forced to receive a tattoo you did not want. The movie, _Tattoo_, carries this theme to the extreme, with an obsessed tattoo artist kidnapping a professional model (Maude Adams) and tattooing her while she is unconscious. The movie in fact, was boycotted by some women's groups when it was first released. While genital penetration may not be involved, involuntary tattooing is an unpleasant experience for the recipient, and is very symbolic of the use of a penetrating weapon to mark an indelible stain on the victim's body. The second could happen when someone chooses to tattoo your name on their body without your full permission and cooperation. Some may think, "What's the problem? You should be flattered," However, those who have had this happen to them have noted a profound sense of loss, that part of their identity or soul was stolen from them. In one particular case, a man surprised his girlfriend with a tattoo of her name on him, and with it began the start of a stalking relationship that terrified her for years in an obsessive/possessive situation involving domestic abuse. I am hereby urging the strongest recommendation in the entire FAQ: If you want the name of your loved one tattooed on your body or your loved one wants one of your name, 150% open-hearted, voluntary permission must be given by both parties as a prerequisite. (Exceptions made for names of the deceased, or of famous people). There should be no "convincing" or "talking into" involved. If there is the slightest hesitation, please do not do this. Those who wish to have their loved one represented in a tattoo should instead use a symbolic object. FULFILLING UNREQUITED FEELINGS WITH TATTOOS There are some lonely people in this world who enjoy inflicting pain on their bodies (NOT to say all those who enjoy it are lonely!), or have wish fulfillment dreams that they try to make come true with tattoos. Michelle Delio tells the following story: "Back when he was first starting out, Shotsie Gorman says a girl came into shop--kind of shy and awkward--wanted a name tattooed around her nipple. Shotsie tried to back off, feeling weird about this, but the shop owner insisted. "So Shotsie does the tattoo. He's almost finished when he says, 'Well you and Xxxxxxxxxxx must have a really special relationship for you to be getting this kind of tattoo, right?' The girl replies, 'He doesn't even know I exist.' Shotsie said this made him physically ill. That was the start of his personal ban on doing names/slogans, because he says there's too much weirdness connected with it." GETTING TATTOOED IN A BDSM SCENE OR RELATIONSHIP There are a couple of concerns with tattooing in the BDSM context. First, there are many sanitation concerns with regard to tattooing, and just as with piercing (either play piercing or "real" piercing) during a scene, it is imperative that all sterilization procedures are correctly followed. And because of the permanency of tattoos, things such as designs, locations, and placement should be fully agreed upon prior to the start of a scene. While this may take some of the spontaneity out of things, it is a very important step that should not be omitted. Recipients of the tattooing in a scene should be fully aware during the procedure, and be able to safe-word out if the scene is not comfortable for them. Second (and within the frame of the "dark side" theme of this section) there are some tops who extend the relationship with their bottoms beyond scenes, and in some instances, bottoms may feel that they have no choice but to be tattooed (or pierced, branded, etc.) by order of their tops. While persons may enlarge their relationship boundaries beyond the actual scenes, it is important to make sure that such permanent things as tattoos are still fully agreed upon. Just as safe words exist, a bottom should still be feel comfortable when it comes to a decision to receive a tattoo as part of the relationship. The bottom should always have the final say in such matters, if only for the fact that the relationship may not always last, and because body modification affects people at very deep levels. "PROPERTY OF" TATTOOS There are (primarily) women who have "Property of ______" tattooed on their buttocks to show that they are "owned" by their partner. This has been traditional with bikers. Some women have "Property of [name of the club]" tattooed on themselves after they pass some sort of initiation (which could be having sex with every member of the club) so they could join the club (although many times, they join the club as a "hood ornament" and not as full-fledged members with the same rank and status of men). Treating women as property is both degrading and insulting. It is also a sad fact that some women feel that they are not worth as much without this stamp of approval. Do women in these situations have the capacity to know what "true consent" is? Michelle DeLio tells the tale of one such woman, who broke up with one man and married another: "As a sort of wedding present to her, they dragged the girl to the local tattooist and they inked 'CANCELED' on her butt in big black block letters, like a meat stamp (over her old 'Property of' tattoo)." "CULTURE VULTURES" The popularity of primitive designs has led to people searching anthropology books for cultural images for their tattoos. It is a very bad idea to use sacred images of a culture to which you do not belong. Using clan symbols, shields and other such images merely for visual effect is nothing short of robbing the soul of a culture. On the other hand, tattoos *inspired* by native iconography is both exciting and respectful. Otherwise, make sure you can lay claim to the image by checking your geneaology. Also, remember that some cultures have an extensive tattoo history. Beyond the images themselves, some tattoos, like the Maori moko, are considered sacred and limited only to those who are allowed to wear them. For the Maori, a foreigner who wears a moko without understanding its significance, or receiving the proper blessings, is nothing short of cultural robbery. This topic was a very hot thread in RAB during the fall of 1995. There were several differing opinions, but here are the general highlights: o The use of icons and symbols is a real sore point for people of a culture that considers the symbols sacred. Examples: Family crests, patterns indicating geneaological lineage, and religious symbols. o Many cultural images are not sacred or religious. These should be available for use by those from other cultures. o Many symbols of one culture are actually adaptations from other cultures. From this standpoint, some people feel that the use of cultural symbols should be okay. Perhaps a compromise or middle ground is best in this situation. If you are interested in a tattoo from another culture, it is suggested you: o First check to see if the image is sacred, and whether "foreigners" are allowed to wear the image. After all, if you desire to wear the image because you respect it or the culture, the last thing you want to do is offend the very people you look up to. o If the wearing of the image requires some sort of blessing from a person from that culture, do some research as to how this could be done. o Even if the image is not sacred, you should check with a person native to that culture to make sure the image looks correct. Example: Japanese kanji characters. o Above all, be respectful. Do a little research. If you find an image you like, try to learn a little bit about the culture and the image. Make sure you are not offending anyone with the tattoo idea you have. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: U.S. LAWS REGULATING TATTOOING Where available, I have included the information about the laws regarding tattooing for that state. Note that some states leave this up to the cities or municipalities. This information should only be used for unofficial information purposes, and may change by each legislative session--for accurate and up-to-date information regarding the laws of your area, contact a professional tattoo shop or the department of public health. The laws regarding tattooing differ as greatly as there are states in the U.S. While a handful serve as model states for regulations, most are completely unregulated, with the exception of some laws on the minimum allowable age. There is no federal legislation regarding tattooing. To complicate things however, many states leave these regulations up to the cities, counties and municipalities. In addition, changes or amendments to existing laws crop up regularly. BrYan Westbrook <firstname.lastname@example.org> researched US laws by contacting all 50 states. His exhaustive work is greatly appreciated, and is posted at the beginning section of each US state. Unless otherwise noted, the information is current as of 1994. If YOUR state changes its laws, please contact me. The 11 states in the forefront of regulation are: Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, and West Virginia. The 34 states that are not regulated are: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. The four states that ban tattooing altogether are: Massachusetts, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Vermont. (If you only counted 49 states, you're right--the oddball is the state of Florida, which has some unique laws.) Regulations help promote professionalism, and discourage "scratchers." This is important when considering disease transmission (HIV and Hepatitis-B in particular). If you think this is a frivolous issue, consider that Massachusetts, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Vermont have banned tattooing altogether. If state legislators try to introduce regulations on tattooing, make sure they follow in the lines of the 11 states, which cover points such as: Artist requirements: Training, knowledge of sanitation, washing of hands and use of barrier gloves for every new client Facility requirements: Clean work area, availability of running water Equipment requirements: Autoclave, disposable needles, covered waste containers Procedural requirements: Customers needing to be sober, use of signed consent forms The following are the actual requirements for the state of Hawaii. The others with regulations follow in a similar vein: Facilities o Building must be clean, in good repair, have adequate lighting o Adequate ventilation required o Tattoo establishments many not be used for any non-tatoo related activities o Toilets must be provided for customers o Work area must be separate from the rest of the business, or at least separated upon request Artist Hygiene o Artists should always wash their hands before every tattoo. o Separate sink (away from the toilet facilities) must be available for artists to wash their hands o Artists must dry their hands with single use paper towels or some sort of mechanical (air) dryer o Artists with communicable diseases may not tattoo o Food, drink, and smoking not allowed in the work area o Smoking prohibited o May not tattoo in exchange for sex Equipment o Immersion in a germicidal solution as an alternative to autoclaving allowed o Use of defective, dull, or rusty equipment is banned o Disposable single-use ink containers must be used, and with any unused ink must be discarded after every customer o All dyes must be approved o Minimum number of needles and tubes must be kept on hand o Only sterilized or disposable razors allowed o Covered waste containers required o Special storage cabinets for tattooing materials required o Tattooing materials may not be stored in the restroom. Procedures o Facial tattoos may only be done by licensed physicians o Injection of chemicals into the skin by tattoo artists to remove tattoos is illegal o Customers must be sober o Signed consent forms required o Parental consent forms required for minors o Artists must keep records on every customer for at least 2 years o Oral care instructions required o Acetate stencils must be sanitized --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 8/9--Misc. info." This should be followed by "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 9/9--Bibliography."
Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org X-Original-Message-ID: <REPOSTemail@example.com> X-Reposted-By: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Stan) Newsgroups: rec.arts.bodyart,news.answers,rec.answers Subject: REPOST: rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 9/9--Bibliography Followup-To: rec.arts.bodyart Date: 16 Jul 1998 02:46:12 GMT Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Expires: August 15, 1998 X-Original-Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com Summary: This posting contains a bibliography of various sources available on the topic of tattoos. Anyone wishing to read/post to the RAB newsgroup, or obtain tattoos should read this first. X-Comments: DtR Repost: The following Usenet article was cancelled, X-Comments: more than likely by someone other than the original poster. X-Comments: Please see the end of this posting for a copy of the cancel. X-Comments: Dave the Resurrector can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org Archive-name: bodyart/tattoo-faq/part9 Last-modified: May 26, 1998 Posting-frequency: Monthly --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- __________ | * * * * | | MAGELLAN | | 4 STAR | | SITE! | |__________| This FAQ is maintained by Stan Schwarz <email@example.com> If you are reading this file using a web browser, and the file you are looking at is from www.cis.ohio-state.edu, click on the other archive sites to access the FAQs instead. Ohio State's site is no longer maintained, and continues to provide outdated versions of FAQs. You can retrieve a copy of the FAQ via anonymous ftp from the MIT FTP server: <ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/bodyart>. The FAQs are also available on the World Wide Web at <http://www.eskimo.com/~rab> The rec.arts.bodyart Tattoo FAQ is broken up into 9 parts: 1/9--Introduction 2/9--Getting a tattoo 3/9--Sanitation 4/9--Conventions 5/9--Artist list 6/9--Care of new tattoos 7/9--General care/removal 8/9--Misc. info 9/9--Bibliography<---YOU ARE READING THIS FILE WHAT THIS FILE CONTAINS This file is structured as a traditional FAQ in the form of questions and answers. Questions answered in this file: Rec.arts.bodyart FAQ Part 9/9: Bibliography - Are there references about tattoos I could look up? - Tattoos in movies and videos - Print references: Magazine and journal articles about tattoos/bodyart Books about tattoos/bodyart (reviews where available) Celtic tattoo bibliography, by Pat Fish - Tattoo organizations - Tattoo magazines COPYRIGHT AND DISSEMINATION Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 1997 by Lani Teshima-Miller, all rights reserved. Permission is granted for it to be reproduced electronically on any system connected to the various networks which make up the Internet, Usenet, and FidoNet so long as it is reproduced in its entirety, unedited, and with this copyright notice intact. Web sites are included. Individual copies may also be printed for personal use. ARE THERE REFERENCES ABOUT TATTOOS I COULD LOOK UP? When I first started looking around for references about tattoos, all I found were scholarly journal articles about how juvenile delinquents and prisoners had tattoos, or how tattoos were an indicator for psychosis. I *knew* there had to be more stuff out there. However, a quick look through the Lexis/Nexis online (fee-based) database revealed *thousands* of RECENT citations on bodyart. When a mainstream comic strip like "Cathy" mentions a navel ring, you are apt to get a lot of forgettable articles. I eventually plan to pare this list down to a quality annotated bibliography. I also plan to include in this bibliography a listing of sources that you could use for ideas on various designs. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: TATTOOS IN MOVIES/VIDEOS This is not a comprehensive list, and does not include videos that are produced for tattoo conventions; but rather, easily accessible movies and videos where tattoos are used in some significant form. This wonderful movie bibliography was compiled by Carl Shapiro (carl@lvsun.COM) unless otherwise noted: Tattoos play minor, but sometimes interesting, roles in these movies: "Blues Brothers". John Belushi, Dan Akroyd Reviewer: Ray Hamel (firstname.lastname@example.org) -The brothers have their names tatooed on their knuckles. "Cape Fear" (1991). Robert De Niro, Nick Nolte. -A tattooed psychopath preys on a Southern lawyer and his family. "Double Exposure" (1987). Mark Hennessy, Scott King. -2 photographers turn sleuth after taking a picture of a tattooed blonde. "The Jigsaw Murders" (1989). Chad Everett, Michelle Johnson. -A police detective and a doctor solve a gruesome mystery with a puzzle and tattoo as clues. "Lethal Weapon" Mel Gibson Reviewer: A.D.C.Elly (A.D.C.Elly@bnr.co.uk) -The cops recognise that one of the men they're after is a "Special Forces" man because a little boy saw his tattoo (which matches the one Riggs got when he was Special Forces). "Man Against the Mob: The Chinatown Murders" (1989). George Peppard, Ursula Andress. -Odd tattoos on corpses lead a detective to a Los Angeles nightclub. "Night of the Hunter" (1991). Richard Chamberlain, Diana Scarwid. -A crook's family is prey to a preacher who has "LOVE" and "HATE" knuckle tattoos. "Night of the Hunter" (1955). Robert Mitchum, Shelley Winters -Original (and much better) version of above. Mitchum is fantastic; very scary. "Once were warriors" (1994). Rena Owen, Temuera Morrison, Mamaengaroa Kerr-Bell - Hailed by critics everywhere, this independent New Zealand film released by Communicado film distributed by Fine Line Features, tells a bittersweet tale of a Maori family renched apart by alcoholism and abuse. At the core is Beth Heke, whose desire to save her family serves as the center of this tale. Authentic native Maori tattoos seen throughout the film. "The Phoenix" (1992). Jamie Summers, E.Z. Rider. -Tattoo master seeks perfect canvas. "Poison Ivy" has a scene about it Reviewer: Abu (email@example.com) "Raising Arizona". Nicholas Cage. Reviewer: Todd Liebenow (firstname.lastname@example.org) -Cage's character has a tatoo of a Woody Woodpecker head on his arm. At the end of the movie when he's fighting the lone biker of the apoclypse we find out that the biker has the same tatoo. However, we never find out what all this means. "Romper Stomper" (1993). Distributed by Seon Films, made by Film Victoria. Reviewer: Pierre Honeyman (email@example.com) A love story among tattooed skinheads, there are some very good tattoos in this movies, although the racist content may offend some viewers. The movie is not about racism. "Sonny Boy" * (1990). David Carradine, Paul L. Smith. -A demented brute and his hairy tattooed wife lose control of their wild child, bred to kill. "Tales from the Crypt" Contributor: Abu (firstname.lastname@example.org) -There's an episode with Tia Carrera about a guy whose tattoo gets...under his skin. "Tattoo Chase" (1989). F. Richards Ford, Michael Gregory. -An heir has 60 days to find the treasure-map tattoo on one of his father's global girlfriends. "The Tattooed Stranger" (1950). John Miles, Patricia White. -A New York police detective tracks down a killer using a tattoo clue. They play major roles in these movies: "Charles Gatewood's Tattoo San Francisco" (1988). San Francisco, CA : Flash Video. 60 min. Review: Short segments on tattoo enthusiasts and artists in the Bay Area. Vyvyn Lazonga and Dick Tome are interviewed, as well as others. If you liked the cover of _Modern Primitives_, its model is interviewed in here as well. Production quality (lighting, editing, etc.) will not win any Academy Awards, but the information contained is interesting. Definitely worth renting, though probably not worth buying. "The Illustrated Man" (1969). Rod Steiger, Claire Bloom. -Wonderful adaptation of Ray Bradbury's novel about a man whose body tattoos depict actual events, all shown in flashback and flash-forward. "Irezumi" (Spirit of Tattoo) (1985). Masayo Utsonomiya, Tomisaburo Wakayama, Yuhsuke Takita, Masaki Kyomoto, Harue Kyo, Naomi Shiraishi, Taiji, Tonoyama. -In this exquisitely beautiful Japanese film, a young woman consents to her lover's wish to have her tattooed, and fulfills the cycle of the tattoo master's life. Notes from Lani: I got quite a bit more out of this movie because I didn't need the subtitles. Some of the Japanese nuances and symbolism is lost to a Western audience. Some of the more important points to note while watching this film: The seasons are one of the most common themes in Japanese literature, much like the use of colors to represent themes in Western literature. Examples in this film: -Both the master's ex-wife and son had names that started with "Haru." In Japanese, this means "Spring." The importance of this is obvious--he had both of them earlier in life, when he was still in his spring. -On the other hand, the continuous references to snow refer to the closing of his life: the snow storm in the first scene in the movie; of his telling the main character that "snowflakes would look good on your back;" the symbol of the Japanese snow flake that leads to the unraveling of his life; and the snowflake books. Other symbols and themes liberally sprinkled through the film: -Harutsune, the son, serves as a perfect amalgamation of the parents--his backpiece is done by his mother, while his full front piece is done by the father. -The theme of empowerment and independence is once again present here, as in Tanizaki Jun'ichiro's _Shisei_, the short story about the young woman who gets a large spider on her back. -The theme of the complete cycle is repeated throughout: --The change of the seasons representing the cycle of life and death (reminiscent of _Charlotte's Web_) --The woman is urged to get a tattoo by the master's wife. --The cycle after death is complete upon the last prick. "Signatures of the soul, tattooing" (1984). Peter Fonda. Producer Geoff Steven. New York, NY : Filmakers Library -Peter Fonda explores the social history of tattooing, both primitive and modern, discussing its use as ornament, badge, and personal statement. Practitioners of the art from the Pacific Islands, California, and Japan discuss the aesthetics of the art. "Tattoo" Maude Adams -A tattoo artist obsessed with a professional model abducts her and tattoos her entire body. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: PRINT REFERENCES MAGAZINES AND JOURNAL ARTICLES Publications Ltd (who produce Body Art magazine, and supply jewelery) moved (ages ago) to: PO Box 32, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk NR29 5RD "Career-oriented Women with Tattoos" by Armstrong, Myrna L. _Image--the journal of nursing scholarship_. Wint '91 v 23 n 4 p 215 "Memorial Decoration: Women, Tattooing, and the Meanings of Body Alteration" by Sanders, Clinton. _Michigan quarterly review_. Wint 1991 v 30 n 1 p 146 Summary: Sanders is one of a very few academicians writing about body modifications. This article is the only one I've encountered that deals specifically with the psychology of women tattoo enthusiasts, whose reasons for getting inked differ from those of their male counterparts. "Trends: Tattoos go mainstream." _Newsweek_. Jan 07 91 v 117 n 1 p 60 Summary: A short article focusing on a couple of tattoo enthusiasts who do not fit the stereotype, including a French man working on his full back piece. Good introduction to the change in "Nonmainstream body modification: genital piercing, burning, and cutting" by Myers, James. _Journal of contemporary ethnography_. Oct 01 1992 v 21 n 3 p 267. Summary: One of the few papers that is both academic and informational. Begins with a definition of "body modification" and discusses various non-tattooing bodmods. Key players including Fakir, Jim Ward & Raellyn are mentioned. Gauntlet illustration of genital pierces available. Some sense of "outsider peeking in;" author specifies the fact that he is a heterosexual male anthropologist (he is an anthro prof at Cal State Chico). BOOKS & MAGAZINES Some books may no longer be in print--check your library for a copy, or request an InterLibrary Loan. Not all tattoo magazines are reviewed here (a serials cataloger's nightmare--new titles cropping up all the time, issues ceasing publication for no reason, etc.) Carson, Richard D. Never Get a Tattoo. Rogers, Novle, illustrator. (Illus.). 144p. 1990. Paper. $8.95. (ISBN 0-06-096509-6, PL). HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. DeMichele, William. The Illustrated Woman: Photographs by William DeMichele. Pref. by Gorman, Shotsie. (Illus.). 128p. 1992. $65.00. (ISBN 0-9631708-0-5); Paper. $34.95. (ISBN 0-9631708-1-3). Proteus Press, Inc. Special Edition $150. Protective slipcase for hard cover book: $15.00. Review: This 11"x13" book is a unique photo collection of tattooed women. In the International tattoo community this book is already a collector's item, it's a valuable addition to anyone who buys fine photographic books Fellman, Sandi. The Japanese Tattoo. (Illus.). 120p. 04/1988. Paper. $24.95. (ISBN 0-89659-798-9). Abbeville Press, Inc. Gell, Alfred. Wrapping in Images: Tattooing in Polynesia. (Oxford Studies in the Anthropology of Cultural Forms). (Illus.). 364p. 1993. $95.00. (ISBN 0-19-827869-1, 14144). Oxford University Press, Inc. Handy, Willowdean C. Tattooing in the Marquesas. (BMB). 1974. Repr. of 1922 ed. $15.00. (ISBN 0-527-02104-0). Kraus Reprint. Hardy, Donald E. Art from the Heart. (Tattootime Ser.: No. 5). 1993. Paper. $20.00. (ISBN 0-945367-09-0). Hardy Marks Publications. To order: P.O. Box 90520, Honolulu HI 96835, phone: 808-737-7033 or email Francesca Passalacqua <email@example.com>. Hardy, Donald E. Dragon Tattoo Design. (Illus.). 96p. 1988. $50.00. (ISBN 0-945367-01-5). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E. Eye Tattooed America. 116p. 06/1993. Paper. $20.00. (ISBN 0-945367-12-0). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E., editor. Life & Death Tattoos. rev. ed. (Tattootime Ser.). (Illus.). 96p. 1989. Paperback text edition. $15.00. (ISBN 0-945367-05-8). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E., editor. Music & Sea Tattoos. rev. ed. (Tattootime Ser.). (Illus.). 96p. (Orig.). 1988. Paperback text edition. $15.00. (ISBN 0-945367-04-X). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E., editor. New Tribalism. rev. ed. (Tattootime Ser.). (Illus.). 64p. (Orig.). 1988. Paperback text edition. $10.00. (ISBN 0-945367-02-3). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E. Sailor Jerry Collins: American Tattoo Master. 1994. Paper. $30.00. (ISBN 0-945367-11-2). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E. The Tattoo Coloring Book, Vol. 1. (Illus.). 36p. (Orig.). 1990. Paperback text edition. $14.95. (ISBN 0-685-44854-1). T C B Imprints, Unlimited. Hardy, Donald E. Tattoo Flash. (Illus.). 74p. (Orig.). 1990. Paperback text edition. $80.00. (ISBN 0-945367-06-6). Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy, Donald E., editor. Tattoo Magic. rev. ed. (Tattootime Ser.). (Illus.). 64p. (Orig.). 1988. Paperback text edition. $10.00. (ISBN 0-945367-03-1). Hardy Marks Publications. Krakow, Amy. The Total Tattoo Book. (Orig.). 1994. Paper. (ISBN 0-446-67001-4). Warner Books, Inc. Mascia-Lees, Frances E. & Sharpe, Patricia., editors. Tattoo, Torture, Mutilation & Adornment: The Denaturalization of the Body in Culture & Text. (SUNY Series, The Body in Culture, History, & Religion). 172p. 1992. $44.50. (ISBN 0-7914-1065-X); Paper. $14.95. (ISBN 0-7914-1066-8). State University of New York Press. Warning: This book has a very negative attitude towards body modification, and has very little to do with tattooing. Note from the FAQ maintainer (Stan Schwarz): "This book is the only book I have ever thrown in the trash." Maginnes, Al. Outside a Tattoo Booth. Zarucchi, Roy, editor. Page, Carolyn, editor. Page, Carolyn, illustrator. (Chapbook Ser.). (Illus.). 28p. (Orig.). 1991. Paper. $5.00. (ISBN 1-879205-16-5). Nightshade Press. Morse, Albert L. The Tattooists. Walsh, John A., editor. (Illus.). 1977. $79.95. (ISBN 0-918320-01-1). Morse, Albert L. Richie, Donald. The Japanese Tattoo. Buruma, Ian, photographer. (Illus.). 120p. 1990. $22.50. (ISBN 0-8348-0228-7). Weatherhill, Inc. Rosen, Jerry. Tattoo Interview. 1992. $14.95. (ISBN 0-86719-387-5). Last Gasp Eco-Funnies, Inc. Sanders, Clinton R. Customizing the Body: The Art & Culture of Tattooing. (Illus.). 224p. 1989. $29.95. (ISBN 0-87722-575-3). Temple University Press. Review: One of the only academically recognized books without an agenda against tattooing. Schwartz, Paul. The Tattoo Buyer's Guide: A Complete & Candid Guide to Getting a Great Tattoo. (Illus.). 57p. (Orig.). 1993. Paper. $6.95. (ISBN 0-9635778-0-8). Alter Ego Press. Spaulding, Huck. Tattooing A to Z: A Guide to Successful Tattooing. Naydan, Ted, illustrator. (Illus.). 141p. 1988. $45.00. (ISBN 0-929719-00-X). Spaulding & Rogers Manufacturing, Inc. Stine, Megan. Tattoo Mania: The Newest Craze in Wearable Art. Juv (gr. 1-3) 1993. Paper. $5.99. (ISBN 0-553-48144-4). Bantam Books, Inc. Thompson, Earl. Tattoo. 704p. 1991. Paper. $6.95. (ISBN 0-88184-727-5). Carroll & Graf Publishers. Wroblewski, Chris. Skin Shows: The Art of Tattoo. (Illus.). 118p. 1991. Paper. $19.95. (ISBN 0-86369-272-9, W H Allen UK). Carol Publishing Group. Wroblewski, Chris. Skin Shows II: The Art of Tattoo. (Illus.). 130p. Paper. $19.95. (ISBN 0-86369-517-5, W H Allen UK). Carol Publishing Group. Wroblewski, Chris. Tattooed Women. (Illus.). 128p. 1992. Paper. $19.95. (ISBN 0-86369-524-8, W H Allen UK). Carol Publishing Group. Marks of civilization : artistic transformations of the human body. Arnold Rubin, editor. 279p. 1988. Museum of Cultural History, University of California, Los Angeles. Bibliography: p. 265-276. Modern Primitives. V. Vale and Andrea Juno, editors. (Illus.) p. 1989. Paper. Index. #12 in the Re/Search series. Orders: SASE to Re/Search Publications, 20 Romolo #B, San Francisco, CA 94133. Review: If you are interested in bodyart as a whole beyond tattoos, this is the one book that you should have in your reference collection. The book is a collection of interviews and write-ups about a very wide spectrum, including the opener on Fakir Musafar (he is THE bodyart god, IMHO), sword swallowing, Polynesian tattoos, pierces, cuttings, etc. The section on body piercing complements Ardvark's FAQ, and has illustrations on exactly WHERE those darned genital pierces are supposed to go. Important note: This book is not for the faint-at-heart. Some of the information and text contained are very graphic--an assumption can be made that those wanting to read the book are already USED to small tattoos and nipple pierces. There is a graphic photo of a bifurcated penis, for example. You have been duly warned. Richter, Stefan. Tattoo. (Illus.). 158p. 1985. Quartet. Richie, Donald. The Japanese tattoo. Ian Buruma, photos. (Illus.). 115p. 1980. Weatherhill Robley, Horatio Gordon. Moko; or, Maori tattooing. (Illus.). 216p. 1987. Southern Reprints. Stewart, Samuel. Bad Boys and Tough Tattoos: A Social History of the Tattoo with Gangs, Sailors, and Street-Corner Punks. (1950-1965). Review by Lance Bailey (firstname.lastname@example.org): Instead of a well-written mature examination of tattoos and society, we instead find Steward's full of misconceptions, incorrect facts and a dedication to link tattoos and gay sex. Presented as a formal study, Stewart claims that "it is perhaps the only volume on tattooing not dependent on tattoo photographs to boost sales." He however commits one of the writer's worst crimes by talking down to the reader. The book is sprinkled liberally with street slang instead of the language of a serious study. Worse, however is the gross inaccuracies in the book. Two examples: 1: Through out the book Steward presents himself, or rather his pseudonym Phil Sparrow, as the best tattooist in Chicago whilst he practised there. His comments on tattoos become amusing in this light and on "Famous tattoos" he comments: "The second of the legendary tattoos is a 'pack of hounds chasing a fox down across a person's back,' with the fox disapearing in the a convenient burrow...At any rate, although thousands of persons have said they have seen such a tattoo, it is hardly reasonable that I should never have seen one in 18 years and over a hundred persons." Well, Mr Sparrow should pick up a copy of "Art, sex, and symbol: the mystery of tatooing (1986)" which has several pictures of tattoos on that very theme. 2: In his section on tattooing the drunk, he says he did not mind working on someone who'd had a few drinks for courage, but the truly intoxicated should not be tattooed because "a drunk cannot sit still...he is very likely to get sick suddenly... [and] the choice of design selected was regretted as soon as they became sober. Steward seems to be completely ignorant of the fact that alcohol is an anti-coagulant and a single beer can make someone bleed like a stuck pig. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: CELTIC ART/TATTOO BIBLIOGRAPHY BY PAT FISH <email@example.com>. CELTIC ART : THE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION, by George Bain New York, Dover Publications  159 p. illus. 31 cm. Reprint of the 1951 ed. published by W. MacLellan, Glasgow. ISBN: 0486229238 Review: Lavishly illustrated with line drawings and photographs. This is the grand original that has inspired the Celtic revival and is an excellent start for understanding the creation of knotworks and braids. Not an easy method to master, but the best single resource book available. CELTIC KNOTWORK, by Ian Mackintosh Bain Constable 1986, 115 p., 8"x10", paper. ISBN 0-09-469810-4 If his father's work confuses you (above), take heart and try this. He teaches a method for creating knotworks in a grid that is surely close to the method used in the past. [Currently available as: Celtic knotwork / Iain Bain. New York : Sterling Pub. Co., 1992. 115 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm. ISBN: 0806986387 : $14.95] CELTIC KEY PATTERNS, by Ian Bain ISBN 0-09-471820-2, Constable 1993, 88 pages, 8"x10", paperbound The definitive text for learning how to create and reproduce the interlocking key geometric patterns. [May be available as: Celtic key patterns / Iain Bain. New York:Sterling Pub. Co., c1994. xi, 88 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm. ISBN: 0806907401 : $14.95] THE LINDISFARNE GOSPEL, introduction by Janet Backhouse ISBN 0-7148-2461-5, Department of Manuscripts, British Library illuminated pages reproduced in color, paperbound The second most influential of the ancient manuscripts from the 9th century .Beautiful inspiration, not possible to trace patterns because they are so tiny, but colors are vivid. THE BOOK OF KELLS : SELECTED PLATES IN FULL COLOR, Blanche Cirker, editor New York : Dover Publications, c1982. 32 p. : col. ill. ; 31 cm. ISBN: 0486243451 (pbk.) Review: An inspirational source, provides a reality check on the scale and intricacy of the original 9th century masterpiece. Much too miniscule in scale to be of use for tracing out patterns, but awe inspiring to study. Of particular use for coloring ideas. CELTIC DESIGNS AND MOTIFS, by Courtney Davis New York : Dover, 1991. 44 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN: 0486267180 (pbk.) : $3.95 Excellent flash source.Many knotwork and zoomorphic designs. CELTIC STAINED GLASS COLORING BOOK, by Courtney Davis New York : Dover, 1993. 16 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN 048627456X (pbk.) Possible flash source. They lend themselves well to reproduction on a large scale, heavy black linework very well composed. CELTIC IRON-ON TRANSFER PATTERNS, by Courtney Davis New York : Dover . 48 p. : 65 transfer patterns, 28 cm. ISBN 0486260593 (pbk.) Excellent flash source. Armbands, knotworks, zoomorphics, all ready to go as stencils on tissue paper. THE ART OF CELTIA, by Courtney Davis London : Blandford, 1993. 128 p. :ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm. ISBN: 0713723092 Evocative use of traditional Celtic artforms in superb artwork. Discussions of symbolism and the historic signifigance of the designs. Very inspiring. CELTIC MANDALAS, by Courtney Davis, with text by Helena Paterson London : Blandford, 1994, 96 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm. ISBN 0713723890 (pbk.) Beautiful use of Celtic motifs in symbolic art, discussions of Celtic mythology and zodiac signs. CELTIC BORDERS AND DECORATION, by Courtney Davis, text by Helena Paterson. London : Blandford ; New York, NY : Distributed in the United States by Sterling Pub. Co., 1992. 95 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN: 0713723300 Wonderful guide to bands, braids, and designs suitable for expansion into armbands, anklets etc. CELTIC ART SOURCE BOOK, by Courtney Davis London ; New York : Blandford : Distributed in the United States by Sterling Publishing Co, 1988.  p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm. ISBN: 0713719826 The ONLY negative thing I can say about this inspirational work is that it will raise the expectations of tattoo clients too high for what can reasonably be accomplished in the skin format. Any of these designs could translate, but many only at backpiece scale. For the use of color examples alone it stands out as a must-have in any Celtic art library. THE BOOK OF CONQUESTS, by Jim Fitzpatrick Dutton : 1978. ISBN 0525475117 (pbk.) Beautiful use of Celtic design motifs in service of storytelling, bringing the tales of the Old Ones alive. Possibly also available: NUADA OF THE SILVER ARM. ART OF THE CELTS : FROM 700 BC TO THE CELTIC REVIVAL, by Lloyd & Jennifer Laing London : Thames and Hudson, c1992. 216 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0500202567 More of a text for historical grounding. 159 CELTIC DESIGNS, by Amy Lusebrink New York : Dover, 1988. 48 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN 0486276880 (pbk.) Excellent flash source. Unfortunately rather poorly drawn, most would have to be re-drawn for precision before being used as a tattoo stencil. CELTIC DESIGN : A BEGINNER'S MANUAL, by Aidan Meehan Thames & Hudson , 258 illustrations. ISBN 0500276293 (pbk.) If you want to begin to draw your own braids, this is the text. CELTIC DESIGN: KNOTWORK: THE SECRET METHOD OF THE SCRIBES, by Aidan Meehan New York : Thames and Hudson, 1991. 159 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0500276307 : $14.95 Even more esoterica. For those who would be druids. CELTIC DESIGN: ANIMAL PATTERNS, by Aidan Meehan New York : Thames and Hudson, 1992. 160 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0500276625 : $14.95 Known as zoomorphics, a guide to the twisty beasties. CELTIC DESIGN : SPIRAL PATTERNS, by Aidan Meehan New York : Thames and Hudson, 1993. 160 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0500277052 (pbk.) The spiral forms a vital part of Celtic design, and this book explains the symbolism and methods for incorporation. CELTIC DESIGN : ILLUMINATED LETTERS, by Aidan Meehan New York : Thames and Hudson, 1992. 160 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0500276854 : $14.95 Insights into the creation of manuscript iluminations. Many stand alone for lovely initials or monograms. CELTIC DESIGN : MAZE PATTERNS, by Aidan Meehan New York : Thames and Hudson, 1994, c1993. 160 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0500277478 (pbk.) Guide to the geometric patterns also known as key patterns. A HANDBOOK OF CELTIC ORNAMENT, by John G Merne Mercier, 1992. 103 p., 11 cm., ISBN 0853424039, (pbk). Presents a systemized method of construction for most forms of Celtic decoration. Examines the various motifs and expands on them, guiding the reader to develop their own variations. Highly reccomended resource. CELTIC STICKERS AND SEALS, by Mallory Pearce New York : Dover, 1995. 16 p. : chiefly ill. ISBN 0486284190 (pbk.) 90 full-color pressure sensitive seals and designs. Mostly letters of alphabets, useful for monograms and such. DECORATIVE CELTIC ALPHABETS, by Mallory Pearce New York : Dover, 1992. ISBN 0486270416 (pbk.) A pleasant alternative for lettering styles. CELTIC BORDERS ON LAYOUT GRIDS, by Mallory Pearce New York : Dover 1990. 64 p. : chiefly ill. (77 illustrations, one-sided for clipart use) ; 28 cm. ISBN 0486265188 (pbk.) Mostly useful for print advertising, letterhead, etc., but also a good source for clear simple braids. CELTIC MOTIFS : STICKERS, by Mallory Pearce New York : Dover, 1995. 4 p. : chiefly ill. (4 black-and-white pressure sensitive stickers) ;8 cm. ISBN 0486284085 (pbk.) A possible source for a few animal patterns. AN INTRODUCTION TO IRISH HIGH CROSSES, by Hilary Richardson & John Scarry Mercier, 1990, 152 p. ; 28 cm., ISBN 0853429413 Very thorough photographic record of Irish high crosses with many examples of stone carving and guides to interpretation of the symbolism. CELTIC CROSSES OF BRITAIN AND IRELAND, by Malcom Seaborne Shire, 1989. ISBN 0747800030 Good quality photographs of many major surviving high crosses, examples of Celtic designs in stonecarving. KNOTS: USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL, by George Russell Shaw Bonanza Books, Unabridged replication of the original 1933 edition, ISBN 0517460009 (pbk.) Encyclopedic reference for knots, the base for Celtic knotwork braids and illuminations. CELTIC DESIGN COLORING BOOK, by Ed Sibbett, Jr. New York : Dover, 1979. 48 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN 0486237966 (pbk.) Simplistic but nice. Not much that would be useful as flash. CELTIC CHARTED DESIGNS, by Co Spinhoven New York : Dover, 1987. 64 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN 0486254119, (pbk.) Over 300 designs in charted grids for use on needlepoint, embroidery, knitting. Probably not useful as flash. CELTIC STENCIL DESIGNS, by Co Spinhoven New York : Dover 1990. 64 p. : chiefly ill. (130 designs) ; 28 cm. ISBN 0486264270, (pbk.) Excellent design source for patterns so perfectly reproducible as bold blackwork they qualify as Celtic Tribal. CELTIC CUT AND USE STENCILS, by Co Spinhoven New York : Dover, 1992. 64 p. : chiefly ill. (61 ill.) ; 28 cm. ISBN 0486272389 (pbk.) Less useful than CELTIC STENCIL DESIGNS but has a few nice patterns. All bold blackwork. AUTHENTIC CELTIC IRON-ON TRANSFERS, by Co Spinhoven New York : Dover, 1994. 16 p. : chiefly ill. ISBN 0486283097 (pbk.) A treasure of designs! For the $1 price you get elegant, clearly drawn, immediately useful flash. Gets the BEST BUY award. TWELVE CELTIC BOOKMARKS, by Co Spinhoven New York : Dover, 1994. 6 p. : chiefly ill. ISBN 0486279448 (pbk.) Every bookmark an armband design. Will require re-drawing from colored versions. THE BOOK OF KELLS, by described by Sir Edward Sullivan Studio Editions Ltd, Facsimile reprint of 1920 edition, ISBN 1851700358 A guide to knowing what you are seeing in the intricate pages of the Book of Kells. CELTIC AND EARLY MEDIEVAL DESIGNS FROM BRITAIN, by Eva Wilson New York : Dover. 128 p. ISBN 0486253406 (pbk.) Unabridged republication of the original 1983 British Museum Edition, 407 illustrations. Overview survey, not particularly useful as an art reference. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: TATTOO ORGANIZATIONS Alliance of Professional Tattooists =================================== APT, Inc. P.O. Box 1735 Glen Burnie, MD 21060. 410/768-1963 5 levels of membership: 1. Patron: $20.00 Open to anyone who supports goals of A.P.T. 2. Supporting: $50.00 A collector of tattoos or a member in an academic research field. 3. Associate/Non-Artist: $125.00 Closely allied with the tattoo community (publishers, photographers, suppliers or managers, office staff of tattoo studios. [Attending Preventing Disease Transmission in Tattooing (PDTT) course recommended.] 4. Associate/Artist: $125.00 Currently apprenticing with a professional tattooist or self taught with a professional sponsor. [Attending PDTT course required.] 5. Professional: $150.00 Full time occupation as a tattooist with three (3) years minimum experience in an established location. Must provide trade and business references. Self-supporting APT does not initiate legislation, nor does it accept fees or grants from government agencies. Empire State Tattoo Club of America (ESTCA) =========================================== PO Box 1374, Mt. Vernon, NY, NY, 10550. 914/664-9894, Fax 668-5200. Founded: 1974, membership: 1000 International organization of tattoo artists and individuals with tattoos. Works to increase public awareness of tattoo art. Sponsors competitions and bestows awards. List of tattoo artists. Affiliated with Professional Tattoo Artists Guild. National Tattoo Association (NTA) ================================= 465 Business Park Ln., Allentown, PA 18103-9120, 215/433-7261 Fax 433-7294 Officer: Florence Makofske, Sec.-Treas. Founded: 1974, membership: 1000, budget: $46,000 AKA: National Tattoo Club of the World (changed 1984) Tattoo artists and enthusiasts. Promotes tattooing as a viable contemporary art form; seeks to upgrade standards and practices of tattooing. Offers advice on selecting a tattoo artist and studio. Holds seminars for tattoo artists to improve skills and learn better hygienic practices. Sponsors competitions and bestows awards; maintains charitable program for children; operates museum and biographical archives. Lists of members and tattoo studios. Publications: National Tattoo Association--Newsletter, bimonthly. Price included in membership dues. Circulation: 1000. Conventions: Annual (with exhibits). Professional Tattoo Artists Guild (PTAG) ======================================== 27 Mt. Vernon Ave., PO Box 1374, Mt. Vernon, NY 10550. 914/668-2300 Fax 668-5200. Officer: Joe Kaplan, Pres. Membership: 2000 Professional tattoo artists. Tattoo Club of America (TCA) ============================ c/o Spider Webb's Studio, Captains Cove Seaport, 1 Bastwick Ave., Bridgeport, CT 06605. PH: (203) 335-3992 Officer: Joe O'Sullivan, Sec. Founded: 1970, membership: 45,000, budget: $25,000 Tattoo artists and individuals worldwide who have been tattooed. Seeks to promote the art of tattooing and make it more acceptable to the public. Bestows annual Mr. and Miss Tattoo awards; sponsors speakers' bureau; maintains hall of fame. Maintains library and museum of antique tattoo designs and memorabilia. Publications: Newsletter, quarterly. Conventions: Annual conference and symposium (with exhibits) - always March, New York City. -------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: CURRENT TATTOO MAGAZINES IN PRINT This section currently under construction. --==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==--==*-< >-*==-- This ends "rec.arts.bodyart: Tattoo FAQ 9:/9--Bibliography."
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